Science of rituals during Uttarayan and Dakshinayan.
Importance of Uttarayana (Sun’s movement towards northern solstice) 6 months.
सप्तार्धगर्भा भुवनस्य रेतो विष्णोस्तिष्ठन्ति परदिशाविधर्मणि |
ते धीतिभिर्मनसा ते विपश्चितः परिभुवः परि भवन्ति विश्वतः ||
The rays of the Sun hold for 6 months the waters capable of fertilizing the Earth. Pervading the sky they wait for performing their duty (of drenching the Earth with showers)
The rays of the sun following the dark (दक्षिणायन) path take the waters and move upwards. They turn back from the source of Rita and drench the Earth with waters.
The waters go upward and come downward in the same measure during period (of the respective seasons). Agni takes the waters to heavens and Parjanya brings them down as rain.
Unlike consumerism driven modern day festivals, all religion based festivals help us get connected with the mother nature or father nature, whatever your faith is. So while you enjoy the festivals, do not miss the moment to get connected with the nature and duties of giving back to nature.
Irrespective of religion you are following, giving back to nature is fundamental duty of mankind. Common sense. After all, will we be able to live without food? Participate in natural cycles and celebrate life! 🙂(Y)
When you fly a kite this Uttarayan, get connected with eternal source of life on the Earth, the Sun. Worship him and thank him for his blessings upon us.
This monsoon, do participate in sacrificial rituals (Homam) to give back what is received from the Sun so that the next year, we have regular rain.
Even Bison changes diet as per season but we humans? We live in our own world of arrogance of being intelligent species! To guide us, we have local festivals/पर्व/उत्सव/व्रत, great indicators for change in diet.
But we ignore them, embrace so called globalization and eat pizza for all festival dinners!
Some hints about the season and diet taste dominance
A changing season means a changing diet for bison, CU-Boulder study finds
North American bison adjust their diet seasonally in order to take full advantage of the growing season when grasses become less nutritious, a new study led by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder has discovered.
The findings, which were recently published in the journal PLOS One, indicate that bison are not entirely reliant on grass for their nutritional needs and can selectively expand their foraging to include woody shrubs and flowering plants during the spring and fall.
The study sheds new light on variations in the large herbivore’s eating habits and may have future implications for management and conservation of bison in Colorado and across the American West.
“We wanted to know if bison might change what they eat as the season goes on and how that affects the microbial composition of their gut,” said Gaddy Bergmann, a doctoral candidate in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at CU-Boulder and the lead author of the new study. “This study shows that it may be beneficial for the species to have other plants, bushes, and trees available to browse from.”
The 166-day study conducted in 2011 sampled a herd of roughly 300 bison living in the Konza Prairie Biological Station in the Flint Hills area of northern Kansas. Bison were reintroduced to this protected native tallgrass sanctuary in 1987.
By sequencing the plant and bacterial DNA found in the bison’s fecal samples, researchers at CU-Boulder were able to identify the types of plants that the bison were consuming over time. The researchers found that the bison are willing and able to consume higher quantities of woody shrubs in the early spring and in fall when their preferred menu item—fresh grass—is less available.
The researchers then identified benign gut microbes present in the bison’s lower digestive tract and traced how the abundance of those microbes changed over time. Some bacteria became more abundant during the growing season as the bison switched to more energy-rich foods in the summer and autumn.
Other grazing animals throughout the world, such as elk and wildebeests, migrate over long distances in order to follow their food supply. Historically, bison did so as well, but are more sedentary in their range today, making them more susceptible to seasonal changes in vegetation.
Garba. Rangoli. पूजा अर्चना. All are different instruments to help us to focus.
Focus on what? Focus on self. Focus on the different forms of Mother Nature.
This focus is very much needed after dark and gloomy days of monsoon. Mind under toxic chaos, need clean slate once a while.
Set of उत्सव(s) of हेमंत,शिशिर,वसंत are designed for it!
प्रवृतिमय self-realization! (Opposite to ग्रीष्म,वर्षा,शरद full of व्रत & उपवास)
Since Rangoli is an art instrument like Natya shashtra, one can use it any way they wish (Like Bollywood is misusing Natya shashtra for spreading filth in society). Some portray personalities, some social issues. All fine.
In my humble opinion, the best way is to get engaged in fractals. Order in Chaos. And deities. This way, one can create healthy perceptions for self and the viewers. Portraits, issues are humane. They keep us in same daily chaos. There is no peace. There is no self-progress in self-realization.
This realization came very late but I will stick to it now on. 🙂
The Nationalist View shares:
All these words have the prefix ” उत् ” – which denotes energy.
इन सब में भी उत् उपसर्ग ही है और वही भाव भी। (व्यंजन संधि के कारण उत् का रूप परिवर्तित हो गया है बस)
From Bhangra of Baisakhi to हुडदंग of Holi, to Ganpati puja to Durga puja and Garba and Deepawali wishing more energy for the coming months !!
Tap the infinite flow of energy! Protect her! She is mother. Worship her!! Without her, we are declared dead!!
As per Srimad Bhagavatam 12.11.27-49, there are 12 adityas. 12 forms of Sun. In the month of Chaitra, Sun is in form of Dhata.
Dhata means धारण करनेवाला , धारण करनेमें मदद करने वाला |
Sun in this month inspires creation. It is time of the year when winter crop is out from farms. Monsoon is not yet here. Instead of taking another crop and exploit mother earth, it is advisable to let the ploughed earth exposed to sun, as much as possible.
During this time, sun will foster earth for yearly replenishment of prana tattva. From Chaitri Navaratri to Akshaya Tritiya.
On Akshaya Tritiya, farmers start preparation for next crop. Till then, they do not disturb critical prana-replenishing activity by nature.
This is also ideal duration for progeny planning (This is my observation) after Vasant, after holasthak -(We consider all seasonal transition time inauspicious as during this time, our efficiency is at lowest state). Since the sun is in the form of creator, he will shower best possibility on newly wedded couple. Till now, farmers family plan marriages in this season. Unlike modern times where couple get wedded now for enjoyment and lust but not planning for progeny, our culture has given specific times for best progeny.
Chaitra is one such month. Childrens conceived in this month are generally having pitta/rajasik prakriti due to Sun’s blessings. (This is again my observation. No scientific proof available :))
जो भगवान् सूर्य चैत्र मास में धाता नाम से कृतस्थली अप्सरा, पुलस्त्य ऋषि, वासु की सर्प, रथकृत यक्ष, हेति राक्षस तथा तम्बुरु गन्धर्व के साथ अपने रथ पर रहते हैं, उन्हें तथा हमारा पुन:-पुन: कल्याण करें। धाता सूर्य आठ हजार किरणों के साथ तपते हैं तथा उनका रक्त वर्ण है।
As described, dhata gives heat of 800 rays. Need to go in detail of this. Dhata’s color is blood – this possibly means, let the soil be suntanned until it becomes रक्त वर्ण.
We need to do more research and find out importance of अप्सरा,ऋषि,सर्प,यक्ष,राक्षस and गन्धर्व associated with Dhata.
Change in native calendar month, change in season at our doorstep.
Chaitra or चैत्र is here. If you alter your food as per season, healthy life is normal event. Possible.
अलोना or अलवण or अलोण or आलुणी or अलूण or अलणी or અલુણ means food with no salt.
चैत्र Chaitra month is beginning of the summer. In summer, one should reduce salty food intake. In fact, more liquids compare to solids should be included in diet.
To break the last season’s diet, culture prescribes fasting. From Today, for 9 days, many followers of culture of the land will observe fast.
Salt (Not just NaCl but all types of salt) has tendency to absorb heat or cold. So to avoid heat strokes in extreme summer, it is good to maintain salt intake.
If you want to try : Try 1 day without salt every 15 days this month (2 days). Observe अलोण.
6 gm salt is adult daily requirement. We consume much more than that. Reduce overall intake. Fast food, wafers etc. 🙂 Kids below 3 needs 2 gm  but they eat anything and everything as parents are least bothered. 🙂 Unknowingly, we invite heat stroke!
We all need a little bit of sodium because it helps keep your body fluids at the right concentration and is needed for muscle and nerve activity. Salt (sodium chloride) is the main source of sodium in the UK diet, but the majority of us eat much more salt than we need. Eating too much salt over time is linked with high blood pressure, which can lead to serious problems such as heart disease or stroke.
On average, adults in the UK eat about 8.1g of salt (3.2g sodium) a day. This may not sound like much, but to reduce the risk of high blood pressure, it is recommended that adults should not be eating more than 6g of salt (2.4g sodium) a day.
Salt intakes should be much lower than this for babies and children. Babies under 12 months old should have less than 1g of salt a day. The daily recommended maximum amount of salt children should eat depends on their age:
1 to 3 years – 2g of salt a day (0.8g sodium)
4 to 6 years – 3g of salt a day (1.2g sodium)
7 to 10 years – 5g of salt a day (2g sodium)
11 years and over – 6g of salt a day (2.4g sodium)
अर्थात नीम शीतल, हल्का, ग्राही पाक में चरपरा, हृदय को प्रिय, अग्नि, वाट, परिश्रम, तृषा, अरुचि, क्रीमी, व्रण, कफ, वामन, कोढ़ और विभिन्न प्रमेह को नष्ट करता है।
Chaitra Navratri Time Window (21st March to 29 March 2015) : This is the only time of the year when one should drink neem juice. During this time of the year, neem gets new leaves. Like other Navratri that falls in later part of the year, this too is healthy navratri. Time to strengthen body for next 6 months.
From Chaitra to until full bloom monsoon, do datun (twigs) using neem twigs.महर्षि वाग्भट के अष्टांगहृदयम में दातून के बारे में बताया गया है। वे कहते हैं कि दातुन कीजिये | दातुन कैसा ? तो जो स्वाद में कसाय हो। कसाय मतलब कड़वा और नीम का दातुन कड़वा ही होता है और इसीलिए उन्होंने नीम के दातुन की बड़ाई (प्रसंशा) की है | In this season, we need bitter rasa, as much as possible. I have discussed many benefits of datun in the past (links in comments of this post)
Those are wise, who can keep religious boundaries aside and embrace changes in their local environment. Irrespective of your religion inclination, witness seasonal changes, celebrate natural diversity blessed to your land of origin i.e. भारत and use local customs for healthy living!
Wish you great चैत्र month of विक्रम संवत २०७२ (2015)!! Be prepared to welcome new changes in the environment! 7 days to go!
We are on the verge of yet another season of this year. हेमंत ऋतू. Season of strength building.
Storage time for body. संचय. संग्रह. Save fire and strength for next 6 months (3 seasons – Winter (शिशिर), Spring(वसंत), Summer(ग्रीष्म)).
Not only physical strength but also mental strength.
वसंत is a season of procreation in Nature. And it reflects in human minds too.
This season (कार्तिक & मार्गशीर्ष or Nov/Dec) is a preparation period for ideal procreation time (Family planning) of the year i.e. वसंत. Due to Monsoon(वर्षा) and Sharad (शरद) seasons, body’s biological rhythms have become irregular. In female, menstruation cycle is generally disturbed during months of monsoon and sharad. And so this is the reason why marriages are prohibited during this time. After Prabodhini Ekadashi, Dev Uthani Ekadashi (3rd Nov 2014 for this year) , marriage muhuruts are prescribed. And again during end of the हेमंत and start of शिशिर (Dec-Jan) is an inauspicious time so no marriage is planned due to seasonal changes effects on body.
During हेमंत , husband and wife should purify their body by regulating food habits. This is ideal time to go on tirth yatra. In modern parlance, plan trips to trekking in jungle. Spend more and more time with Nature. You should have planted flowering plants during monsoon so that they bloom during this time and you can have mental tonic every day. Observing flowers to bloom creates procreation thoughts in couple planning for progeny.
What food should we eat during हेमंत ?
1) Eat sweets. पाक & पकवान.
2) Today is Akhshay Navami (1st Nov 2014). Eat कद्दू or pumpkin. कद्दू is वीर्य वर्धक, वातहर & पित्त regulator. It resolves constipation. It regulates fire in body. It nurtures brain. Very essential to remove mental problems. Mental disorders can be cured. Since excessive vayu is removed, possibility of joint pain during peak winter is reduced. So eat pumpkin Today and in हेमंत season.
3) Tulsi pooja. Tulsi also cures mental disorders. Tulsi also works as वातहर and पित्तहर. Have Tulsi leaves and seeds as prasad. Tulsi seeds are used to increase reproductive strength. Since Sweet food is need of Winter, Tulsi and pumpkin balances problems caused by excessive sweet taste.
4) सीताफल, अमला,बोर,टमाटर, गाजर
We begin this season with Sweet food. Sour follows sweet. Salty follows Sour. This balances tridosha and helps us to store energy and nutrition for next 6 months.
From Grishma to Sharad, bodily fire is of मंद (low) intensity. Just like the hidden fire in this charcoal picture with this post. It is burning but at low degree.
To re-kindle the fire in already burning dung cakes, you need to refuel it.
Deepawali is the festival to help bodily fire. By all sorts of perceptions, we ignite the dormant fire once again. This ignited fire helps us in winter. This ignited fire helps us in maintaining productive/creative pursuits of life.
Ritualistically successful Deepawali (which is end of 4 months of Tapasya) ==> Full blossomed वसंत (spring)
Act now, experience fruits in Spring.
But I hear fake rational arguments and utterances.
1) Why do we need oil lamps every where if they are about spiritual light
2) Rituals are waste of oil and ghee😀
3) Sweets means diabetes 😉😀
Same rationally biased minds will talk about philosophy of mind and all. They will accept impact of mind and perceptual inputs. But fail to understand importance of rituals in maintaining perceptual significance of all physical activities associated with festivals!
These are nothing but outcomes of toxic delusions (normal in Kaliyuga)
If you cannot understand rituals, follow them blindly instead wasting time in fake rational logic. 🙂(Y) It will be good for you, family and society! Intellectual gymnastics of debunking rituals and staying away won’t help anyone. It is waste of intellect!
Importance Fire in Ayurveda
Agni is innumerable because of its presence in each and every dhatu paramanu (cell) of the body. But, enumeration of the number of Agnis varies in various classical Ayurvedic texts, as shown below
Charaka has mentioned about 13 Agnis. Jatharagni – 1, Bhutagni – 5, Dhatvagni – 7 (Ch.Chi.15/38).
According to Acharya Sushruta, five types of Agnis are illustrated, viz. Pachakagni, Ranjakagni, Alochakagni, Sadhakagni and Bhrajakagni. However, there is an indirect reference of five Bhutagnis underlying in the brief description made to the transformation of food stuff. (Sh.Su.21/10.)
Vagbhata has described different types Agni, viz. – Bhutagnis – 5,– Dhatvagnis – 7, –Dhoshagni – 3 and– Malagni – 3.
Sharangadhara has recognized five pittas only (Pachak, Bhrajak, Ranjak, Alochaka and Sadhak) (Sha.Sa.Pu.Kh.-5/32).
Bhavamishra has followed Acharya Charaka and Vagbhata (Bh.Pu.Kh.-3/169,180).
Agni has been divided into 13 types according to the function and site of action. These are:
Jatharagni – one Agni present in the stomach and duodenum.
Bhutagni – five Agni from five basic elements.
Dhatwagni – seven Agni present, one in each of the seven dhatus.
Accordingly, they are classified into three groups, namely Jatharagni, Bhutagni and Dhatvagni.
Jatharagni is the Agni or bioenergy present in the Jathara (stomach and duodenum). According to Ashtanga Hridaya, Jatharagni, the seat is grahani (duodenum), so called because it withholds the food for a certain time inside the Amasaya (stomach) to facilitate digestion. In the opinion of Dhanvantari, it is the Kala known as “Pittadhara,” situated at the entrance of the Pakvashaya (intestine) and acting as a bolt to the door of the pathway/channel of food. It is responsible for the duration of life, health, valour, ojas (essence of the dhatus), strength of all the bhutagni and dhatvagni. The strength of the grahani is from Agni itself, and the strength of Agni is from grahani. When the Agni undergoes vitiation, grahani also gets vitiated and produces diseases (As.Hr.Sha.3/50-54).
Jatharagni is considered to be the most important because each and every nutrient that one ingests first comes to the Jathara and is subjected to the action of Jatharagni. Jatharagni digests the food materials that consist of the five basic elements and transforms it for utilization by the respective Dhatus paramanus (tissues).
Jatharagni is also responsible for separation of the food material into the essence portion (PRasad) and the waste products (kitta) in our body (As.Hr.Su-12/8).
Jatharagni is directly related to Dhatvagni or bioenergy in the cells and their metabolic processes, with ultimate tissue metabolism or Dhatu-Paka process. All the Dhatvagni depend on the normal, healthy state of Jatharagni. If the Jatharagni is hyperactive (Tikshna) or hypoactive (Manda), it will cause an excessive or retarded action of the Dhatvagni. This disturbed action ultimately leads to various disorders. Jatharagni is the main important Agni that controls the function of all other 12 Agnis. All the Agnis are totally dependent on the status of Jatharagni (Cha. Chi. 15/39-40).
Jatharagni is also classified into four categories according to its performance of digestion in the human being (Cha. Chi. 15/51), namely Vishamagni, Tikshanagni, Mandagni and Samagni.
According to Hareet Samhita, Samagni depends on whether the Doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) are in normal stage. When the Pitta is higher than normal, the condition is known as Tikshnagni. When Vata and Kapha are higher than normal, the condition is known as Mandgni.
Samagni: The Samagni digests and assimilates food properly at the proper time. This thus increases the quality of the Dhatus (supportive tissues of the body). Persons having Samagni are always hale and healthy.
Vishamagni: This type of Agni changes between digesting food quickly and slowly. When this Agni is affected by the Vata Dosha, it creates different types of udargata roga.
Tikshnagni: Tikshnagni means very quick/very sharp/very fast. Tikshnagni is a state of very quick digestion of food, regardless of the type of food. Acharya Shushrut states that when the power of digestion is increased from normal to above normal, food digests very quickly and produces hunger or the desire for food. When food is digested, the throat, the mouth cavity and the lips become dry with a burning sensation. This condition is known as “Bhasmak Roga” according to Ayurveda.
Mandagni: “Mand” means slow. The meaning of the Mandagni is slow digestive power or digestive capacity. Those who are having Mandagni eat very little and are unable to digest the smallest amount of food. Dhanvantri says that Agni digests the least amount of food in the greatest amount of time.
Bhutagni is the one that is present in a basic element (Bhutas). There are five Agnis in each of the five basic elements, namely – Parthiva (earth), Apya (water), Tejas (Agni), Vayavya (vayu) and Nabhasa (akash).
Each and every cell in our body is composed of the five mahabhutas or five basic elements. Naturally, each cell (dhatu paramanu) consists of these five Bhutagni also. All the nutrients in this world that we eat also consist of the same five basic elements with their respective Agni or bioenergies. Thus, they are completely similar with respect to the five basic elements with their Bhutagni in our body cells as well in all the outside nutrient, that we ingest for the nutrition of our body. Acharya Charak has mentioned that the five Bhutagni digest their own part of the element present in the food materials. After the digestion of food by the Bhutagni, digested materials containing the elements and qualities similar to each bhutas nourish their own specific bhautika elements of the body (Cha. Chi. 15/13, 14). These Bhutagnis act after the Jatharagni present in the stomach and duodenum, acting on the food and causing their disintegration. In the modern physiological perspective, the action of Jatharagni can be equated with the digestion in the stomach and duodenum, and the action of the Bhutagni can be equated with the conversion of digested materials in the liver.
All the seven Dhatus (seven element tissues of the body) contain their own Agni to metabolize the nutrient materials supplied to them through their own Srotas.
Rasagni present in the Rasa Dhatu.
Raktagni present in the Rakta Dhatu.
Mamsagni present in the Mamsa Dhatu.
Medagni present in the Meda Dhatu.
Asthyagni present in the Asthi Dhatu.
Majjagni present in the Majja Dhatu.
Shukragni present in the Shukra Dhatu.
Each Dhatvagni or the bioenergy present in each Dhatu synthesizes and transforms the essential Rasa Dhatu required for that particular Dhatu or cell from the basic nutrients present in the AnnaRasa or essence of the diet that we consume. Each Dhatvagni has got a speciality to synthesize and transform the constituents suitable to its particular Dhatu. This action is a sort of selective action. Acharya Charaka has mentioned the fact that that the seven dhatus that are a support of the body contain their own Agni, and by their own Agni they digest and transform the materials supplied to them to make the substances alike to them for assimilation and nourishment (Cha. Su. 28/15).
Shayani Ekadashi to Prabodhini Ekadashi (10 Nov, 2016, Sunday) (also known as Dev Uthani Ekadashi and Devutthana Ekadashi) – This 4 months period is dormant time for Deva(s) and so senses don’t work with their full efficiency. This part of the year is for penance and accumulation of wealth.
Prabodhini Ekadashi also known as Devotthan Ekadashi, is the 11th lunar day (ekadashi) in the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of the Hindu month of Kartik. It marks the end of the four-month period of Chaturmas, when god Vishnu is believed to sleep. It is believed that Vishnu sleeps on Shayani Ekadashi and wakes on Prabodhini Ekadashi, thus giving this day the name “Prabodhini Ekadashi” (“awakening eleventh”), Vishnu-prabodhini (“awakening of Vishnu”) and Dev-Prabodhini Ekadashi, Deothan, Dev uthav ekadashi or Dev Oothi ekadashi (“god’s awakening”). The end of Chaturmas, when marriages are prohibited, signifies the beginning of the Hindu wedding season. And that begins by divine wedding to Maa Tulsi with Bhagwan Vishnu.
To wake up the dormant senses, fire plays vital role. Deepawali is critical festival. At least those who live in 6 seasons cycle, must observe it to break the sensual fast.
Light(Oil lamps), noise (Crackers) and sweets – All are needed to break the 4 months fasting and withdrawal of senses like how tortoise withdraw senses. Depawali ritual artifacts and events (oil lamps, crackers, sweets, meeting each other, pooja) help dormant senses to wake up.
With Prabodhini Ekadashi, starts 8 months productive time of the year.
Deepawali to Prabodhini Ekadashi – Wake up dormant hibernating senses
Prabodhini Ekadashi to End of Hemant Ritu – Purify and recharge senses
Shishir and Vasant Ritu – Engage in all creative, productive tasks (including progeny planning)
Grishma – Season for rest and preparation for yet another 4 months dormancy.
7 days before and 7 days after the junction of two consecutive seasons are the limit during which time the food of one season is to be gradually changed to the of succeeding season, for abrupt change without giving the digestive organs time to accommodate the change in diet, will cause diseases. This is not rocket science. Careful and sensitive outlook towards life can reveal it easily.
Are you dharmic (those who believe in Nature’s unshakable principles) or modern fools who eat Mc Burger and Pizza 365 days (with Cancer Cola)?
There is a progressive lassitude of the body from the end of winter, which reaches its maximum in summer. The energy of body progressively increases after summer and reaches its maximum in winter.
The digestive organs share this outer organic activity in general with other organs, hence the necessity of taking food of different tastes and quantity in each season.