Blog Page 155

Stressed Fathers Before Child Planning: Children’s brain development affected

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Father passes stress impact to newborn
Father passes stress impact to newborn

I wrote one post two days back about how not only gene legacy but habit legacy help/jeopardize future generations.

Helpful legacy is fine but what about controlling unwanted legacy? Like life-degenerating addictions? Sometimes your ancestors passed through natural calamities with altered habits which you really don’t need now. Your parents were under great stress to fight against the poverty but now you want to get rid of that stress impact on your body.

So what is the solution if we receive unwanted legacy from ancestors?

If legacy stress is so intense that you get physical anomaly, physical anomaly is difficult to cure but we can certainly cure mental anomalies.

There is a way prescribed by our culture and forefathers : We do श्राध्ध & पितृ तर्पण. तर्पण is psychologically so potent ritual that you will hardly notice transformation it will do by subduing unwanted mental legacy. It is our fate if we prefer to live under the control of delusional rational mind with complete negation of mind’s requirements like Tarpana. 🙂 (Y) Ignore this post as superstitious rant 🙂

You can learn Pitru Tarpana from Shri Narasimha Rao‘s compilation here:http://vedicastrologer.org/tarpana/index.htm

As I said, only way to help future is to prepare future for them by living ideal life now! 🙂 If you have chosen to be married couple, be ready to sacrifice all your anti-life fun and addiction while you plan for kids.

All would-be parents can take care by:

1) No stress at work. No family quarrels.
2) Healthy food and sound sleep
3) Always remain cheerful and positive about life
4) Pranayam, Asana, Concentration, Meditation

If you claim being scientific, you must accept process where legacy you transfer to your kids. And once you realize it, you must act. knowing and not acting is a greatest state of laziness. 🙂

We seek better world in future but we don’t participate when our turn comes🙂 . Child planning is a great duty towards society! Perform and participate! It is not mere fun-sex!!


Research


Read this paper:

Penn: Stressed Dads Affect Offspring Brain Development Through Sperm MicroRNA

https://news.upenn.edu/news/penn-stressed-dads-affect-offspring-brain-development-through-sperm-microrna

“More and more, scientists have realized that DNA is not the only way that a parent can pass on traits to their offspring. Events experienced by a parent over a lifetime can also have an impact.”

“It’s remarkable to me that seemingly mild stress to a male mouse would trigger this massive change in microRNA response and that that would get wired into the course of his offspring’s development,” Bale said.

When subjected to a mild stress, in this case, being restrained briefly, the offspring that arose from the zygotes that received the multi-miR injections had lower cortisone levels compared to offspring in the control groups. The mice in the multi-miR injection group also had significant changes in the expression of hundreds of genes in the paraventricular nucleus, a brain region involved in directing stress regulation, suggesting wide-spread changes in early neurodevelopment.

Finally, the researchers aimed to determine how the miRs were carrying out this effect after fertilization. Because miRs are known to target and degrade mRNA, the team looked at the stored maternal mRNA, a genetic bundle that is contained in the egg when it is fused with the sperm and exists for only a brief window of time to direct early zygotic development.

“People used to think that because that stored maternal mRNA gets translated during that initial two-cell and four-cell development, the mom gets a lot of say in those early stages and the dad gets no say,” Bale said. “But we thought maybe these sperm miRs could be attacking that maternal mRNA and directing which mRNAs get translated.”

The researchers again injected miRs into zygotes and performed control injections, but this time they incubated the zygotes for eight hours and then amplified the RNA in each single cell to look for gene expression levels. They found that, indeed, the multi-miR injection appeared to be attacking the maternal mRNA, resulting in a reduction in those mRNA levels compared to control injections. Specifically affected were genes involved in chromatin remodeling.

Bale suspects that when a male experiences stress it may trigger the release of miRs contained in exosomes from the epithelial cells that line the epididymis, the storage and maturation site for sperm between the testes and the vas deferens. These miRs may be incorporated into the maturing sperm and influence development at fertilization.

Principle of Yukta and Long, Peaceful, Healthy Life

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Principle of Yukta
Principle of Yukta

युक्ताहारविहारस्य युक्तचेष्टस्य कर्मसु।
युक्तस्वप्नावबोधस्य योगो भवति दु:खहा।। Bhagwad gita – 6.17

This verse on meditation is important key for all spiritual strivers. By following it, one can effortlessly walk towards attributes of Yogi described in Gita.

1) Moderate in diet and recreation (=Sports, Exercise where active involvement is necessary. TV is not recreation. Movie is not recreation.)
2) Moderate in action
3) Moderate in sleep
4) Moderate in wakefulness.

24/4 = 6 hrs for each activity where moderation is prescribed.

Do we spend enough time eating?
Do we spend enough time in sleep?

Most of our time goes into earning livelihood. Average 10 hrs for earning livelihood. 8 hrs goes in sleep. So what remains is not enough for other important activities of sustaining life successfully.

Being YOGI does not mean you leave your home, go to jungle and sit in meditation. That is not what life demand from Grihasthi (those who have started married life).

Food should be earned by honest means, it should be pure, easily digestible, light and a bit less than demand of body.

All actions should be performed as one’s nature, caste, creed, country, condition, for the welfare of the others!

Sleep well – enough not excessive.

Do concentration and meditation daily. Spend time with mother nature daily.

Beauty of word ‘Yukta’ is that there is no hardwired rule (like I tried to divide 6 hrs). At the end, you decide what is YUKT or moderate for you. See the outcome. If it generated healthy state of mind, body and environment, it is moderate. If not, alter!

What is our life – Yoga or Bhoga?

भोगा न भुक्ता वयमेव भुक्ताः, तपो न तप्तं वयमेव तप्ताः ।
कालो न यातो वयमेव याताः तृष्णा न जीर्णा वयमेव जीर्णाः ॥

bhogaa na bhuktaa vayameva bhuktaah, tapo na taptam vayameva taptaah |
kaalo na yaato vayameva yaataah, truShNaa na jeerNaa vayameva jeerNaah ||

Pleasures weren’t consumed, only we were; penance weren’t ‘done’; only we were ‘done’;
time didn’t pass, only we passed; thirst was not ‘over’, only we got ‘over’.

Think about it. If we don’t think now about all of this, life will force us to think in early 50s 🙂 and we will repent for lost time. Better to take care now 🙂 (Y)

Epigenetics: You are what your Father did before birth

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Mindless Youth - Future parent?
Mindless Youth – Future parent?

But fathers believe in fun! Parties!

What is present married couple’s attitude before progeny planning?

हेल्लो मिस्टर . डी जे, मेरे गाने पिल्ज़ प्ले
आज नो वाइन, आज नो लागा, आज पियेंगे चाम्पपियेंन
बम बम बम बूजिंग डांसिंग एंड वी क्रुज़िंग
बौंसर पंगा लेता है तोह, गोटा कीप ईट मूविंग
चार बज गए लेकिन पार्टी अभी बाकी है
ब ब ब .., विथ द बजे ऐ

“I damn don’t care! Its a Friday night!”

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Damn the self-centered ignorance! You spoil not only your future but also future of the Earth by passing on weak and faulty legacy genes.

A father’s lifetime experiences can be transmitted to his offspring to affect health and development. The mechanisms underlying paternal epigenetic transmission are unclear. Unlike somatic cells, there are few nucleosomes in sperm and their function in epigenetic inheritance is unknown.

No matter who you are, human, horse, dog or donkey, the biological legacy will haunt you for entire life! Fated! Destined! You must live with them and find you way of living by adjustments.

So your life under the influence of addictions, rampant life style – you gift this to your kids.

Why so much ignorance? Do you really want to gift chaos to kids?

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My tips for newly married:

Unlike female egg that is renewed with every mensuration cycle, male sperm takes 72 days from inception to maturation. During this 72 days, whatever you eat, drink, how you act, what you think – they all play role in shaping biological and mental destiny of your child! Not only your child, 7 generations to come!

So before you plan for a child:

1) Regularize your routine. Same time to sleep, same time wake up. Right food always!
2) No mental stress of whatsoever!
3) No addictions
4) No junk food
5) Pious simple life

All (Sacrifices?) in the service of future generation!

Think about it! Take care!

(those of us like me, who are already parents, better late than never. Take care as a grand-father!)


Research


What your father did before you were born could influence your future health

http://www.sciencealert.com/what-your-father-did-before-you-were-born-could-influence-your-future

It might not just be expectant mothers who have to pay attention to their lifestyle. Now a new study published in Science could be relevant to a growing body of research looking at ways in which the lifestyle and environment of men before they become fathers could influence the lives of their children and grandchildren.

We know that many human traits, such as weight, height, susceptibility to disease, longevity or intelligence, can be partly inherited, but researchers have so far struggled to identify the precise genetic basis for this. This may partly be due to limitations in our understanding of how genetics works, but now there is growing interest in the potential for something called epigenetics to explain this heritability.

Epigenetics refers to the information in the genome over and above that contained in the DNA sequence. This information takes a number of forms, but the most popular ones scientists have studied relate to the chemical modification (known as methylation and acetylation) of DNA and the proteins called histones that together make up the human genome.

This epigenetic information – which influences which copies of the genes in our DNA are ‘expressed’, or used – may be passed from one generation to another during reproduction. It can even persist within a lifetime in a person’s tissues and organs, even as their cells are replenished.

Disruption of histone methylation in developing sperm impairs offspring health transgenerationally

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2015/10/07/science.aab2006

A father’s lifetime experiences can be transmitted to his offspring to affect health and development. The mechanisms underlying paternal epigenetic transmission are unclear. Unlike somatic cells, there are few nucleosomes in sperm and their function in epigenetic inheritance is unknown. We generated transgenic mice in which overexpression of the histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) demethylase LSD1/KDM1A during spermatogenesis reduced H3K4 dimethylation in sperm. KDM1A overexpression in one generation severely impaired development and survivability of offspring. These defects persisted transgenerationally in the absence of KDM1A germ line expression and were associated with altered RNA profiles in sperm and offspring. We show that epigenetic inheritance of aberrant development can be initiated by histone demethylase activity in developing sperm, without changes to DNA methylation at CpG-rich regions.

 

Newborns and step-by-step Sensorial Inputs

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Sensosial Overload
Sensosial Overload

 

Imagine, someone start DJ loud speakers at midnight when you are deep sleep? What will be your reaction?

Do we like erratic perceptions? So often we oppose noise pollution. Chaotic visuals make us nervous. Information overload makes us stressful. Even with matured and developed senses.

Newborn Universe
Newborn Universe

When a child comes out of water-melon sized uterus at birth, its universe expands suddenly! We must not add chaos in new life! Let there be expansion of the universe step by step. For this, we have different Sanskars. Learn 16 Sanskar rituals. Only after 4 months, child is introduced to real universe. Till then, mother remains as universe and the Sutika Gruh as expanded womb.

Imagine torture we gift to newborns in society. Just after delivery, huge crowd of friends and relatives bombard high dosage of erratic and chaotic input signals to underdeveloped senses of newborn. Not only humans, but their pet-gadgets too, throwing powerful flash lights.

Things don’t stop on birth day. This is just a beginning. When infant moves to home, new pet-gadgets and their unnecessary input signals become overburden for developing senses.

In our culture, there is a custom to introduce infant to different level of sensory input signals step by step. First, let there be womb like environment. Infant, mother and their caretaker (mostly mother’s mother) for first 3 months. Only father and blood relatives are allowed glimpses. 4th month onwards, introduce Nature and other distant relatives. Step by step, in humble interest of wellbeing of all future citizens.

Stop exploiting kids. Avoid your gadget freakiness in front of them. Let them remain close to mother and nature for few years.

Action items:
• Avoid flash light camera exposure for first 6 months.
• Avoid crowd in first 3 months.
• Avoid travelling for first year.
• Avoid noisy environment (marriages, functions, fire-crackers, DJ systems)
• Introduce family step by step
• Handle developing sense as if you are handling fragile utensils.
• Avoid TV, mobile, laptop exposure for first 3 years.

Use common sense. Mother nature is kind enough to guide.

Pranayama is not mere exercise routine

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Pranayama
Pranayama

प्राणायाम is not 30 minutes morning exercise as it is marketed nowadays in sick society seeking instant cure.

प्राणायाम is नित्य process. Once the child is initiated with गायत्री मन्त्र, प्राणायाम साधना begins. When child starts learning it at right age, with practice, by the age he or she reaches ripe age when body starts decay, he or she can maintain the Prana.

Here are some quotes explaining importance of नित्य प्राणायाम. All your physical activities should happen with continuous प्राणायाम.

यथा पर्वतधातूनां दह्यन्ते धर्मनान्मला।
तथेन्द्रियकृता दोषः दह्यन्ते प्राणधारणात् ॥
-अमृतनादोपनिषद्
जिस प्रकार सोने को तपाने से उसके खोट जल जाते हैं, उसी प्रकार इन्द्रियों के विकार प्राणायाम से जल कर नष्ट होते हैं।

प्राणायामेन युक्तस्य विप्रस्य नियतात्मनः।
सर्वे दोषाः प्रवश्यन्ति सत्वस्यश्चैव जायते ॥
तपांसि यानि तप्यन्ते व्रतानि नियमाश्च ये।
सर्वयज्ञफलश्चैव प्राणायामश्च तत्समः ॥
-वायु पुराण
प्राणायाम से युक्त नियत आत्मा वाले विप्र के समस्त दोष नष्ट हो जाया करते हैं और फिर वह केवल सत्वगुण में ही स्थित रहा करता है। जो भी तपस्यायें तपी जाती हैं, व्रत लिए जाते हैं और नियम ग्रहण किये जाते हैं तथा समस्त यज्ञों के करने का जो भी कुछ फल होता है वह सब प्राणायाम के समान होता है।

तस्मायुक्तः सदा योगी प्राणायामपरो भवेत्।
सर्व पापविशुद्धात्मा परं ब्रह्माधिगच्छति ॥
-वायु पुराण
इसलिए योगी को सर्वदा युक्त होकर प्राणायाम में परायण होना चाहिये। वह फिर समस्त पापों से विशुद्ध आत्मा वाला होकर परब्रह्म को प्राप्त कर लिया करता है।

प्राणायामो भवत्येवं पातकेन्धनपावकः।
भवोदधिमहासेतुः प्रोच्यते योगिभिः सदा ॥
-योग सन्ध्या
प्राणायाम करने से जैसे पातक रूपी काष्ठ को भस्म करने वाला अग्नि होता है तैसे ही संसार रूपी समुद्र से तारने वाला बड़ा पुल योगियों ने प्राणायाम को कहा है।

चित्तं न साध्यं विविधैर्विचारै-
र्वितर्कवादैरपि वेदवादिभिः।
तस्मात्तु तस्यैव हि केवलं जयः-
प्राणो हि विद्येत न कश्चिदन्यः ॥
-योग रहस्य

विविध विचारों, तर्को और अध्ययन श्रवण आदि से चित्त का समाधान नहीं होता, मनोनिग्रह तो प्राणायाम से ही सम्भव है।

Translation reference: http://hindi.awgp.org/gayatri/AWGP_Offers/Literature_Life_Transforming/Books_Articles/Panchkosh_jagran/pranmay_kosh/pranmay%205.2

 

Art of Surfing in Microbial Sea: Balance

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Infectious means easily spread. Many sicknesses are called Infectious. And we blame bacteria and viruses for it! 😉 🙂

Balance is the key
Balance is the key

In reality, you will be afflicted only when your body is not in balanced state. Read this view.

Skimboarding or Surfboarding is an interesting board-sports for those who live near sea.

Board is used to glide across the water’s surface to meet an incoming, breaking wave, and ride it back to shore. Never done it but must be thrilling and mind bending. To balance the self, we have only one alternative, to balance self as per pattern of the wave. We can not control the wave.

Our environment is ocean of bacteria and viruses. Mother nature does not like vaccum. Place your hand anywhere and you will be in contact with millions and billions bacteria and viruses. Infection is a vacuum filling activity by mother nature. Like a giant wave to face when you are doing Skimboarding. You cannot anyway kill all the bacteria like you cannot change the pattern of the wave. One wave will go and another will come (Modern medicine calls it resistant bacteria 🙂 ). Similarly, antibiotics will wipe out one set of microbes and another will take the place.

Like a Skimboarders @ sea, we must learn to balance self in this sea of bacteria. That is the essence of immunity. Killing bacteria is short-sighted solution. Those who cannot envision ocean can only try to control and bend wave. 🙂 My two years old son do it often 😉

Think about it. (Y)

Cow Urine, Ganga and Plant Sickness Management

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Cow urine
Cow urine

Modern agriculture like modern medicine maps plant sickness with deficiency of specific element. It is so reductionist and limited world view that despite applying treatment, sickness resurfaces after sometime.
Solution for cellular stress sickness (Viral/bacterial) is not just nutrients replenishment but ability to balance tridosha of the plant. If tridosha are not balanced as per nature of the plant, plant won’t be able to digest physical nutrients.

As we discussed in this post (http://prachodayat.in/ganga-catalyst-balances-tridosha/) , Maa Ganga has magical property of balancing tridosha of the organism. In absence of river Ganga’s water, we have same property available in desi Gau mata’s mutra Prasad.

Gau mutra can balance tridosha of any organism that digest it. Besides, it also increases Apana Vayu so that toxic elimination/metabolic waste by plants become active again. Farming without gau mutra is pseudo-science for Bharatiya Krishi. Inspire more and more farmers to go back to roots and save them from committing suicide. Without Maa Ganga’s blessings, how can we survive?

Saving Maa Ganga = Saving Gau mata = Abhyudaya (rising sun ) of Maa Bharti.

Dharma and Food : Prana Charity

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प्राण दान
प्राण दान

अन्नेन धार्यते सर्वं जगदेतच्चराचरम्।
अन्नदः प्राणदो लोके प्राणदः सर्वदो भवेत्।
तस्मादन्नं विशेषेण दातव्यं भूतिमिच्छता।।

– Mahabharat

This physical world is sustained by food (Food, Water, Air). Those who are food givers in abundance, are actually doing प्राणदान. प्राणदान is most sublime giving. And so, being farmer who grows प्राणयुक्त food or being part of प्राणयुक्त food chain, is a great service to the society and sustenance of the world.

On the other hand, those who are promoting प्राणहर (That which consumes Prana of the food consumer) food (Chemically grown food), food price inflation and food profit, doing farming as a business, selling food, promoting farming as a business – They all are destructor of the world.

Dharma and Food Charity (Anna Daan)

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अन्न  दान
अन्न दान

भगवानुवाच:

चण्डालो वा श्वपाको वा काले यः कश्चिदागतः।
अन्नेन पूजनीयः स्यात्परत्र हितमिच्छता।।

– महाभारतम्-14-आश्वमेधिकपर्व-108

उचित समय पर अगर चंडाल या श्वपचभी आये तो गृहस्थको निश्चयही उनका अन्न समर्पित कर सत्कार करना चाहिए.

On timely arrival of even Chandal (Dead animal eaters) and Shvpacha (dog eaters), householder must welcome them by serving food.

Where is racism or casteism here?

If you don’t follow dharma, it is your fault! Don’t blame dharma scriptures for it!

And dharma bound duties are never stereotypes. They change with time, age, place and context.

About so called out-caste:

Yes, those who share the same living style, prefer to live together. It is for their benefit. It is for entire village’s benefits. There is no discrimination here. Even modern society prefer it. If there is any descrimination that you observe around you, it is certainly not the sign of Sanatana dharma and never prescribed as such!

The verse I shared has some more interesting supporting verses. Separate compilation post for it.

Akhada : Culture of Bala and Shakti

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Akhada
Akhada

You must read this and take oath to revive tradition of बल & शक्ति. शक्ति पर्व is a favorable time to act. जय माँ!

A note by mitra Aditya Dhopatkar . Do read.

This post is about traditional Indian Akhadas, and I am sharing youtube videos on traditional Indian Akhada culture here.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-OQk_DHEjQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wIwZH_eYGjc

I extend the post by a frank comparison of the differences in exercise cultures of traditional India and the modern times… comments invited.

Traditional Hindu exercise was quite different from the modern gymming we see today.

1. It was done semi-outdoors; slightly semi-indoors for modesty of the men; slightly outdoors to avoid heat and odours.
Modern gymming focuses on indoor workouts in a high-decibel senseless filmy or Western music (based on your downtownness or upcountryness) airconditioned environment with lights, wasting electricity, sleazy massage sections, locker-room do’s-and-don’ts, deodorants, etc.

2. The focus was on getting both shakti and bal, both of which are translated into strength / power in English. Shakti (physical strength and outward skills) and Bal (spiritual strength, mental strength, purity, ethics, self-control) are different. Under Yoga, Saankhya, Bhakti and Ayurveda, Bal meant something of the sookshma shareer; not merely of the gross body or sthool shareer. There is emphasis on celibacy, abstinence / continence, fidelity and concentration. A lot of Hindu akhadas also were filled with powerful vegetarians who ate saatvik food with lots of nuts / dry-fruits.
In contrast, modern gymming focuses on only will-power and physicality. There is no restriction of what the gymmer does outside, whether he smokes or drinks or not, even whether he is a womaniser or gay or harlot or not (no Talibanic homophobic bias implied here, only talking about wasteful promiscuity here).

3. Hindu exercise was always with invocation to Hanuman. Instruments and the chief of the “Akhada” were worshipped on Vishwakarma Jayanti, Guru Pournima, Hanuman Jayanti, Paaadwa and Vijayadashami. SooryaNamaskaarand ChandraNamaskaar were spiritual exercises, not just physical exercises. Instruments were locally made with organically and locally acquired material like timber trees, locally smelted iron instruments, etc. The Hanuman Chalisa and Gayatri were used in Akhadas. Traditional exercises like Mallakhab and Kabaddi were part of Akhada training too, and we need to protect these traditional skills. Brotherhood amoingst tmembers was encouraged. Seniors took care of juniors.
Swami Samartha Ramdas used this as a base to set up Hanuman-Bhakt Raam-Bhakt Maths (Mutts in SouthIndian-ese) which network helped Shivaji. If this wouldn’t have happened, where were Shivaji’s maavlaa soldiers to come from? It also shows that regardless of caste, there was inclusiveness and this was all of Dharma!
The dust of an akhada had over time acquired a culture of human-friendly bacteria that helped heal wounds by competing with unfriendly bacteria; the akhada member developed a better immunity system too. The members wore nothing other than a langot, which also suppressed libido while protecting the vitals.
But in modern gyms, there is reliance on technology. Nothing wrong, but it means a higher investment for the proprietor and more fees for the gymmer member. Everyone has to wear shoes and, dress / gear have sky-rocketing prices.

4. The Hindu Akhada naturally took care of the human body’s need to have pliability maintained, rotator cuff muscles y regular use of the shoulder club (rotators are most prone to injury and their exercises are taught by only a handful of instructors in modern gyms), toughness of the spine, etc. Many traditional houses treated going to akhadas as a necessary sanskaar to be passed on to sons from fathers. A lot of Hindu households had the same Akhada exercises endorsed into a “sanskaar status”, ritually, by being recommended by the family priest (Brahman) himself, to the batu boy for a lifetime, THAT TOO DURING THE THREAD-CEREMONY ITSELF, as a mode of worship of Soorya Narayan.
Weapons were also taught in many Akhadas, and these were available during Dharma-Suraksha requirements.
Akhadas were the centres for preserving traditional martial arts and sports alike, with the concomitant sportsmanship and competitiveness spirit if handled by a good Guru.
Gurukuls of classical times which had their on-campus Akhadas trained Kshatriya princes to take on real-life competitions vide Swayamwars, Ashwamedha Yandya, etc.
Kusti or wrestling was the ultimate in physical endurance and skill! Today, Haryana, UP and Maharashtra have preserved this traditional culture the most.
Necessary skills like horsemanship, as well as a love for organic farming and welfare of livestock, jeeva-dayaa and use for suppressing the evil in society were all off-shoots of a village which managed its Akhada culture correctly, helping make a graam – a village a self-protective unit.
Another Marathi name that comes up after Swami Samartha Ramdas, is that of Sambhaji Bhide Guruji (who is extremely fit for his octogenarian status), who fused Akhada culture with devotion to Hindavi Swaraajya and preservation of the memory of Sambhaji Maharaj who was tortured- as pressure to accept Islam, but who never gave up Hindu Dharma!
Many women were encouraged to exercise too, but were kept out of akhadas to maintain the unigender Brahmachaarya atmosphere. Yet, women always have been trained by Gurus and other women too, as is evident in the demonstration of continuous 1000-count 12-step Soorya-Namaskaars by a Marathi woman follower to none other than Netaji Bose: Netaji was so impressed, he took her into the Azad Hind Fouj; this is something my late grandmother had told me.
In contrast, gyms have no connection with the outside.
Gymmers listen to songs via their headphones as they work out at cardio. They teach no duty and no gymmer would accept his paid instructor as a Guru either.

5. Traditional Hindu exercise knew the importance of both cardiovascular and stillness. The endurance achieved in akhadas allows an Akhada member to have a strong heart, and he is also encouraged to do Praanaayaam…
In cardio-vascular exercise, the aspirant has to keep his / her heart rate above normal for a period long enough to help his heart muscle get fit; there is a concomitant increase in respiratory rate. This is necessary.
But in Yoga, the focus is on reducing the respiratory rate,which requires reduction is heart rate, which requires reduction in mental activity and curbing of thoughts and impulsiveness too.
There is a return to fashionable Hatha-Yoga, disconnected from Hinduism, in modern gyms today, where Yoga is a milch cow giving money.

I dedicate this post to my late paternal grandfather who was a vegetarian bodybuilder, loving patriarch and an expert at Mallakhaamb.

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