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Worshiping False Gods

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Your kid will celebrate Teachers day but will hardly pay attention to Guru Purnima. Why?

Education brain-wash.

I don’t have any issue with you celebrating his birthday as Teachers day or XYZ day but it is my duty to show you this side of scholar.

I know, no one is perfect. And I prefer not to worship imperfects.

Sharing 5 years old post for objective minds. Sentimental may ignore post.

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Worshiping False Gods
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Wikipedia says, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan,was an Indian philosopher and statesman who was the first Vice President of India (1952–1962) and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967.

One of India’s most influential scholars of comparative religion and philosophy, Radhakrishnan built a bridge between the East and the West by showing how the philosophical systems of each tradition are comprehensible within the terms of the other. He wrote authoritative exegeses of India’s religious and philosophical literature for the English speaking world.

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My online friend complained. Why do I write more posts, comparing Bharat’s superiority vs west? Here is the answer for him.

I do it because majority of us were conditioned to worship false Gods like Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Children in school are taught to celebrate his birthday is celebrated in India as Teachers’ Day on 5 September. For children, he is the scholar to follow. His books are text books in colleges.

Know real Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and his derogatory writings.

Certain great scholars and the so-called patriots of India also had profound effects of western education on their minds that held the feeling of lowness for Hindu culture, history and religion. They too collected the intellectual dirt of the western writers and used it in their writings.

Not knowing what were they doing, their writings like: “Ram was only a good man. He was not God.” betrayed and confused millions of Hindus and contempted the authentic writings of Ved Vyas which are the national treasures of India.

We will give you a few examples.

[1] Rigved has the impassionate utterances of the primitive poetic souls. (IP/I-71)

[2] Atharvaved contains the pre-Vedic animist religion of spirits and ghosts. It gives an idea of demonology prevalent in the tribes of India. (PU-45;IP/I-121)

[3] The earliest Vedic seers worshipped nature… the Vedic gods were stupidly self-centered… gods and ghosts governed the life of people. (IP/I-121)

[4] The Upnishads (aranyakas) are the speculations of the hermits. Their teachings are lost in the jumbled chaos of puerile superstition. (IP/I-355)

[5] He (Radhakrishnan) cannot accept Krishn of the Puranas. It was only the unknown author of the Gita who made Krishn famous through his writings and devised him to pose as God (brahm). (IP/I-496, 521)

[6] Ram was only a good man. He was not God. His religion is polytheistic and external.

[7] Shankara’s arid logic made his system unattractive, and Ramanuja’s story of the other world carries no weight. (IP/II-711)

IP = Indian Philosophy Vol 1 and Vol 2
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He calls the Vedic Rishis as primitive poets whose impassionate utterances are the Rigved. He says that Atharvaved incorporates the demonology of primitive tribes; Vedic gods are stupidly self-centered; and the Upnishads are childish superstitions.

The derogatory writings of the western scholars, as initiated by the British, left a great impact on the Indian minds. But the reconfirmation of those western views by Radhakrishnan had much more damaging effects and confused millions of scholars of philosophy and religion around the world by giving them entirely wrong input about Hindu philosophy, Hindu scriptures and the Hindu religion. Just examine some of his mistranslations.

Radhakrishnan’s derogatory writings confused millions of good souls looking for the path to God. Covering all the aspects of Hindu religion (the scriptures, the writings of the acharyas and the descensions of God) he tried to implode the entire structure of Hinduism.

So, my dear friend, it is necessary to uncover false Gods so that intellectuals of the land understand real Sanatan Dharm and paths of God realization.

Shri Krishna : Mightiest Water Activist/Warrior and River Protector!

Krishna-Kaliya-damanmardan-hindi-story1-600x410

‘Kaliya’ is an epitome of illegal mining of all sort. From river front to sea, from Himalaya to Konkan, from Kashmir to Kanyakumari, Kaliya represent mining mafia. Kaliya  represent Politician-Babu-Contractor nexus who are hell-bent on destroying rivers by idiotic ideas like river-linking!

Like Gau, Krishna loved Rivers. Without River and Gau, no civilization can sustain for long. 
 
Next time when you visit river side, make sure you educate at least 2 of your best friends/family members and stop nonsensical pollution. That is real कृष्ण भक्ति!
 
This is not enough. We want govt to control industrial pollution. Let there be strong voice emerged from within society against all pollution-generating industries.
No action – No vote.

Don’t call yourself Krishna-follower/Bhakt until you have guts to protest against rapists who exploit mother Earth like insects.

Do not just celebrate fake and hollow festival until you prepare micro version of warrior and fearless Krishna within you and your tribe (close circle of friends and family). If at all there is celebration, it must instill warrior Krishna’s character in you otherwise it is waste of time.

What is the purpose of celebrating if there is no substantial reason of triumph?

Fight Kaliya(s) and revere Krishna in true sense.

Upstream Damming Disaster: Declining Sediments and Increasing Sea level

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Dams Delta

Water attracts water. When rivers are reduced to token gesture flow due to upstream damming, they no more attract rain. When rivers are impotent to attract rain, tropical rain storms change their patterns and behave randomly, ignoring river.

When there is no rain in tropic, there is no flood-flush effect which can clean mud and sediments into delta area. This results into increase sea level against land.

One in-dept research points it out.

The world’s rivers deliver 19 billion tonnes of sediment to the coastal zone annually1, with a considerable fraction being sequestered in large deltas, home to over 500 million people. Most (more than 70 per cent) large deltas are under threat from a combination of rising sea levels, ground surface subsidence and anthropogenic sediment trapping.

Research by the University of Southampton shows that a change in the patterns of tropical storms is threatening the future of the Mekong River delta in Vietnam, indicating a similar risk to other deltas around the world.

Deltas are landforms made from sediment washed into rivers and carried downstream. The sediment builds up where the river meets slow moving or still water, such as seas or lakes. Deltas naturally subside under their own weight, so a constant flow of new deposits is vital to offset these changes and prevent flooding which could be disastrous to agriculture and the environment.

Their data shows that of all the sediment transported to the delta, one third is due to tropical cyclones. It also shows that the Mekong’s sediment load has declined markedly in recent years – largely due to changes in the location and intensity of storms tracking across the upstream rivers that feed the delta.

Sand mining is already reducing the sediment being delivered to the Mekong delta and further reductions are anticipated as a result of future damming upstream. Therefore, if the storm projections are correct and even less sediment is washed downstream, the delta’s prospects look bleak.

Our study is the first to show the significant role tropical storms can have in the delivery of sediment to large river deltas. This has implications for a range of other major rivers, such as the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Yangtze in China, and the Mississippi in the US. All of these have catchments that are regularly struck by tropical storms. Some 500 million people live and work in the world’s major river deltas – and our work shows we can’t evaluate their future vulnerability to sea-level rise without also considering changes in the storms that feed the deltas.

www.thethirdpole.net/2016/10/27/vanishing-mekong-shifting-tropical-storms-threaten-a-great-river-delta/

 


Research


Fluvial sediment supply to a mega-delta reduced by shifting tropical-cyclone activity

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v539/n7628/full/nature19809.html?foxtrotcallback=true

Here we combine suspended sediment load data from the Mekong River with hydrological model simulations to isolate the role of tropical cyclones in transmitting suspended sediment to one of the world’s great deltas. We demonstrate that spatial variations in the Mekong’s suspended sediment load are correlated (r = 0.765, P < 0.1) with observed variations in tropical-cyclone climatology, and that a substantial portion (32 per cent) of the suspended sediment load reaching the delta is delivered by runoff generated by rainfall associated with tropical cyclones. Furthermore, we estimate that the suspended load to the delta has declined by 52.6 ± 10.2 megatonnes over recent years (1981–2005), of which 33.0 ± 7.1 megatonnes is due to a shift in tropical-cyclone climatology. Consequently, tropical cyclones have a key role in controlling the magnitude of, and variability in, transmission of suspended sediment to the coast. It is likely that anthropogenic sediment trapping in upstream reservoirs is a dominant factor in explaining past567, and anticipating future89, declines in suspended sediment loads reaching the world’s major deltas. However, our study shows that changes in tropical-cyclone climatology affect trends in fluvial suspended sediment loads and thus are also key to fully assessing the risk posed to vulnerable coastal systems.

 

Sediment-related impacts due to upstream reservoir trapping, the Lower Mekong River

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X06003229

A sharp decrease in total suspended solids (TSS) concentration has occurred in the Mekong River after the closure of the Manwan Dam in China in 1993, the first of a planned cascade of eight dams. This paper describes the upstream developments on the Mekong River, concentrating on the effects of hydropower dams and reservoirs. The reservoir-related changes in total suspended solids, suspended sediment concentration (SSC), and hydrology have been analyzed, and the impacts of such possible changes on the Lower Mekong Basin discussed. The theoretical trapping efficiency of the proposed dams has been computed and the amount of sediment to be trapped in the reservoirs estimated. The reservoir trapping of sediments and the changing of natural flow patterns will impact the countries downstream in this international river basin. Both positive and negative possible effects of such impacts have been reviewed, based on the available data from the Mekong and studies on other basins.

Small Dams Damage : Case Study of Nu River, China

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Small Dams

News report (https://news.agu.org/press-release/small-dams-on-chinese-river-harm-environment-more-than-expected-study-finds/) writes:

A fresh look at the environmental impacts of dams on an ecologically diverse and partially protected river in China found that small dams can pose a greater threat to ecosystems and natural landscapes than large dams. Although large dams are generally considered more harmful than their smaller counterparts, the research team’s surveys of habitat loss and damage at several dam sites on the Nu River and its tributaries in Yunnan Province revealed that, watt-for-watt, the environmental harm from small dams was often greater—sometimes by several orders of magnitude—than from large dams.

One particularly detrimental impact of the small dams observed in this study is that they often divert the flow of the river to hydropower stations, leaving several kilometers of river bed dewatered, Kibler explained.

Small dams in China “often lack sufficient enforcement of environmental regulations” because they are “left to the jurisdiction of the province,” said Guy Ziv, lead scientist for the Natural Capital Project, an organization which develops tools to assess and quantify natural resources, and a researcher for the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University. This study, he added, is “an important contribution to the field of natural resource management.”

The lack of regulation paired with a dearth of communication between small dam projects in China allows for the impacts to multiply and accumulate through several dam sites, the study authors write.

References:

Cumulative biophysical impact of small and large hydropower development in Nu River, China

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wrcr.20243/abstract;jsessionid=411B21E0F362E3529BE2B1A6EFE2606A.f03t01

Abstract

[1] Support for low-carbon energy and opposition to new large dams encourages global development of small hydropower facilities. This support is manifested in national and international energy and development policies designed to incentivize growth in the small hydropower sector while curtailing large dam construction. However, the preference of small to large dams assumes, without justification, that small hydropower dams entail fewer and less severe environmental and social externalities than large hydropower dams. With the objective to evaluate the validity of this assumption, we investigate cumulative biophysical effects of small (<50 MW) and large hydropower dams in China’s Nu River basin, and compare effects normalized per megawatt of power produced. Results reveal that biophysical impacts of small hydropower may exceed those of large hydropower, particularly with regard to habitat and hydrologic change. These results indicate that more comprehensive standards for impact assessment and governance of small hydropower projects may be necessary to encourage low-impact energy development.

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Now, there is a news from 2016 that China is planning to shelve idea of building dams on last wild river left in country i.e. Nu river.

China May Shelve Plans to Build Dams on Its Last Wild River

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/05/160512-china-nu-river-dams-environment/

 

River Linking Disaster : Why England & USA are removing dams?

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Dam Removals

Most pompous govt of Indian project i.e. River linking will build numerous dams and reservoirs across India.

The prolonged history of industrialization, flood control, and hydropower production has led to the construction of 80,000 dams across the U.S. generating significant hydrologic, ecological, and social adjustments.

Now that they are facing ecological disasters, aging infrastructure, risks and costs associated with safety and maintenance, and environmental concerns, England and USA are removing dams one by one!

Instead of learning from their blunders, India is planning to build yet another network of dams and reservoirs!


Research


River restoration by dam removal: Enhancing connectivity at watershed scales

https://www.elementascience.org/articles/10.12952/journal.elementa.000108/

One of the pressing challenges facing biophysical scientists, policy makers, environmental managers, and environmental advocates is how to rehabilitate ecological systems that are increasingly characterized by long-term, significant, and complex anthropogenic changes.

Over the past several decades, more than 1,100 dams have been removed nationally!

Recent estimates indicate that more than 60 dams are being removed per year (Service, 2011a)

Because dam removal can minimize habitat fragmentation and re-establish longitudinal and lateral connectivity (Bednarek, 2001Hart et al., 2002), many ecologists and environmentalists embrace dam removal as a key component of river restoration.

Regional benefits from dam removal

Our region-wide analysis points to the greater scale of restoration associated with dam removal, and its ability to regenerate a suite of riverine processes including enhanced sediment connectivity, unfragmenting watersheds to allow fish passage, and the opening up significant river length and important habitat for resident and diadromous fish. Dam removal is progressively becoming part of the management toolkit nationally, and our results point to the greater potential for re-connectivity at the watershed scale and, perhaps more importantly, for enhanced watershed resilience. Accordingly, our results point to some unexpected biophysical benefits of undamming New England rivers. Dam removal is at best presented by restoration advocates as a means of enhancing fish passage and returning watersheds to some previous state that is virtually impossible to determine with precision. Some of these claims are accurate, but there is a value added to dam removal that is rarely voiced. This value is related to the capacity of dam removal to increase watershed resilience—as evidenced by the opening up of critical upstream habitats for certain fish species—in the context of large-scale and enduring anthropogenic changes (e.g., climate change).

River linking Disaster : Dam–Induced Seismic Activities

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RiverLinking

Each living organism on this planet is intelligent enough to engineer solutions for existence. But they never tread the path and cross their limits. Only humans cross limits.

With the advent of recent industrialization phase, humans are showing arrogance of being superior than nature! And decade after decade, we plan and execute MEGA projects with the help of machines!

Have we ever thought of the impact?

Let us discuss popular way of generating electricity. Dams. And now river linking, new form of Mega dams.

Spend millions of dollar in survey and project planning. Then spend billions in construction with rampant corruption. By the time projects are realized, they not only lose value but also become disaster for ecology.

More than three–quarters of 49 projects assessed in a 1990 World Bank study of hydropower construction costs were found to have experienced unexpected geological problems of some kind. The study concluded that for hydrodams “the absence of geological problems should be treated as the exception rather than the norm.” 🙂

I will quote few references  to bring the point to the table that dams increases possibilities of earth-quakes!

Man’s engineering efforts impact the way crustal stresses are released in earthquakes; these includes deep artificial water reservoirs, underground mining, high pressure fluid injection, removing underground fluids like gas, water and oil.

The largest reservoir triggered earth-quake is of magnitude 6.

Other activities triggered earth-quake of magnitude 5

There are more than 70 examples of reservoir induced Seismic Activities.

First known example Hoover Dam, USA.

For a long time, the role of reservoirs in inducing earthquakes was not  well understood. Investigation of fluid injection induced earthquakes at the  Rocky Mountain Arsenal near Denver, Colorado during the early 1960’s  and application of Hubbert and Rubey’s (1959) work by Evans (1966)  on the mechanism of triggering earthquakes by increase of fluid pressure,  laid the foundation for understanding the phenomenon of reservoir-induced  seismicity. Gough and Gough (1970a, b) explained triggering of earthquakes  due to incremental stress caused by the load of the reservoir. Gupta  et al. (1972a) identified the rate of increase of water level, duration  of loading, maximum levels reached, and duration of retention of high  water levels among the important factors affecting the frequency and  magnitude of earthquakes near artificial reservoirs, The influence of pore  fluid pressures in inducing earthquakes in simple reservoir models was  investigated by Snow (1972). More sophisticated models of the effects  of reservoir impounding on inducing earthquakes based on Biot’s (1941)  consolidation theory (Rice and Cleary 1976) are provided by Withers and  Nyland (1976) and Bell and Nur (1978). The three main effects of reservoir  loading relevant to inducing earthquakes are: (a) the elastic stress increase  that follows the filling of the reservoir; (b) the increase in pore fluid  pressure in saturated rocks (due to the decrease in pore volume caused by  compaction) in response to the elastic stress increase; and (c) pore pressure  changes related to fluid migration.

Earthquakes are associated with shear fracturing of rocks. The shear strength of rocks is related to the ratio of the shear stress along the fault to the normal effective stress across the fault. The effective normal stress is equal to the normal stress minus the pore pressure. When the pore  pressure increases, the shear stress is not changed, but the effective stress  decreases by the amount of the pore pressure. Therefore, the ratio of shear  to normal stress increases. If rocks are under an initial shear stress, an  increase in fluid pressure can trigger shear failure. At Oroville, Bell and  Nur (1978) calculated a maximum drop in strength to be about 40% of  the maximum water load. When the fault zone is highly permeable, the  strength drop could be as high at 70%. For the Oroville Reservoir, with a  water depth of 200 m, these values would translate into drops of 8 and 14  bars. Earthquakes are known to have been triggered consequent to fluid  injection and pore pressure changes of 35 bars at Rangely, Colorado (Raleigh  et al., 1972, 1976), whereas during a fluid injection experiment only 14  bars pumping pressure was required to trigger earthquakes at Matsushiro,  Japan (Ohtake, 1974). Thus the earthquakes at Oroville and other sites  of induced seismicity may have been triggered by pore fluid pressure  changes.

Read it further and understand the artificial risk for even low seismic activity zones!

While asessing the seismic risk of induced earthquakes near a reservoir,  it is not the annual probability of ground shaking, but the acceptable  risk in terms of the lifetime of the reservoir, that should be assessed. A  more important effect of induced earthquakes is the change in temporal  distribution of seismicity (Simpson, 1986). Moreover, induced earthquakes  occur in the immediate vicinity of the reservoir. Areas of low natural  seismicity are most vulnerable since these are the sites where adequate  precautions are not taken to build structures to resist earthquakes; large  induced earthquakes have mostly occurred in such areas. In areas of high  seismicity, reservoirs may have less impact in changing the seismic regime  and civil works are designed to withstand natural earthquakes. In an  area of low seismicit where the return period of the maximum expected  earthquake may be thousands of years, an increase in the probability  of triggering the largest expected earthquake during the lifetime of the  reservoir will alter the risk estimate significantly.

Reference: Reservoir Induced Earthquakes By H.K. Gupta

Pore Pressure Diffusion and the Mechanism of Reservoir-Induced Seismicity

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-0348-6245-5_14

The study of reservoir-induced seismicity offers a controlled setting to understand the physics of the earthquake process. Data from detailed investigations at reservoirs in South Carolina suggested that the mechanism of transmission of stress to hypocentral locations is by a process of diffusion of pore pressure (Pp). These results were compared with available worldwide data. The ‘seismic’ hydraulic diffusivity, αs, was estimated from various seismological observations, and was found to be a good estimate of the material hydraulic diffusivity, α. Application of these results to a dedicated experiment to understand RIS at Monticello Reservoir, S.C., suggested that the diffusing Pp front plays a dual role in the triggering of seismicity. The spatial and temporal pattern of RIS can be explained by the mechanical effect of diffusion of Pp with a characteristic hydraulic diffusivity within an order of magnitude of 5 × 104 cm2/s, corresponding to permeability values in the mtl¨¹darcy range. The triggering of seismicity is due to the combined mechanical effect of Pp in reducing the strength and, possibly, the chemical effect in reducing the coëfficiënt of friction between the clays in the pre-existing fractures and the rocks that enclose these fractures.


Dam–Induced Seismicity

Excerpt from Silenced Rivers: The Ecology and Politics of Large Dams,
by Patrick McCully, Zed Books, London, 1996

The most widely accepted explanation of how dams cause earthquakes is related to the extra water pressure created in the microcracks and fissures in the ground under and near a reservoir. When the pressure of the water in the rocks increases, it acts to lubricate faults which are already under tectonic strain, but are prevented from slipping by the friction of the rock surfaces.

For most well–studied cases of RIS, the intensity of seismic activity increased within around 25 kilometres of the reservoir as it was filled. The strongest shocks normally occured relatively soon – often within days but sometimes within several years – after the reservoir reached its greatest depth. After the initial filling of the reservoir, RIS events normally continued as the water level rose and fell but usually with less frequency and strength than before. The pattern of RIS is, however, unique for every reservoir.

https://www.internationalrivers.org/de/dam%E2%80%93induced-seismicity

Local Sustainable Water Management

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Water

Instead of damming rivers by huge dams and obstruct their flow, destroy natural flora and fauna and human habitats, why can’t we have micro version of inundated monsoon water dams and tanks at several places without obstructing flow of the water?

As far as I remember, we had this system in the times of Shivaji and other southern Kings.

Not a water expert so cannot conclude but seems like we should revisit history of irrigation and provide suggestions to next govt.

Instead of huge and expensive river linking projects (equally expensive as huge dams are), localized solutions can work at great efficiency in my view.

Sacred Plants Series Part 1: Udumbara

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Udumbara

Life@अउदुम्बरेण…

Grow, worship and get blessed by this divine tree.

Do read Atharva Veda – Book 19 – Hymn 31. Worship mighty Udumbara.

अउदुम्बरेण मणिना पुष्टिकामाय वेधसा |
पशूणां सर्वेषां स्फातिं गोष्ठे मे सविता करत् ||1||
यो नो अग्निर् गार्हपत्यः पशूनाम् अधिपा असत् |
अउदुम्बरो वृषा मणिः सं मा सृजतु पुष्ट्या ||2||
करीषिणीं फलवतीं स्वधाम् इरां च नो गृहे |
अउदुम्बरस्य तेजसा धाता पुष्टिं दधातु मे ||3||
यद् द्विपाच् च चतुष्पाच् च यान्य् अन्नानि ये रसाः |
गृह्णे ‘हं त्व् एषां भूमानं बिभ्रद् अउदुम्बरं मणिम् ||4||
पुष्टिं पशूनाम् परि जग्रभाहं चतुष्पदां द्विपदां यच् च धान्यम् |
पयः पशूनां रसम् ओषधीनां बृहस्पतिः सविता मे नि यछात् ||5||
अहं पशूनाम् अधिपा असानि मयि पुष्टं पुष्टपतिर् दधातु |
मह्यम् अउदुम्बरो मणिर् द्रविणानि नि यछतु ||6||
उप मौदुम्बरो मणिः प्रजया च धनेन च |
इन्द्रेण जिन्वितो मणिर् आ मागन्त् सह वर्चसा ||7||
देवो मणिः सपत्नहा धनसा धनसातये |
पशोर् अन्नस्य भूमानं गवां स्फातिं नि यछतु ||8||
यथाग्रे त्वं वनस्पते पुष्ठ्या सह जज्ञिषे |
एवा धनस्य मे स्फातिम् आ दधातु सरस्वती ||9||
आ मे धनं सरस्वती पयस्फातिं च धान्यम् |
सिनीवाल्य् उपा वहाद् अयं चौदुम्बरो मणिः ||10||
त्वं मणीणाम् अधिपा वृषासि त्वयि पुष्टं पुष्टपतिर् जजान |
त्वयीमे वाजा द्रविणानि सर्वौदुम्बरः स त्वम् अस्मत् सहस्वाराद् आराद् अरातिम् अमतिं क्षुधं च ||11||
ग्रामणीर् असि ग्रामणीर् उत्थाय अभिषिक्तो ‘भि मा सिञ्च वर्चसा |
तेजो ‘सि तेजो मयि धारयाधि रयिर् असि रयिं मे धेहि ||12||
पुष्टिर् असि पुष्ट्या मा सम् अङ्ग्धि गृहमेधी गृहपतिं मा कृणु |
अउदुम्बरः स त्वम् अस्मासु धेहि रयिं च नः सर्ववीरं नि यछ रायस् पोषाय प्रति मुञ्चे अहं त्वाम् ||13||
अयम् अउदुम्बरो मणिर् वीरो वीराय बध्यते |
स नः सनिं मधुमतीं कृणोतु रयिं च नः सर्ववीरम् नि यछात् ||14||

अथर्ववेद: काण्डं 19 | 31


Research


Udumbara (Ficus glomerata Roxb.): a medico-historical review.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19569451

Udumbara is well known drug for its use since ancient times. Atharvaveda considers this as a divine plant and much used in religious sacrifice. It is also called as Yajñodumbara. It grows abundantly in all parts of India. In Ayurveda bark, leaves and unripe fruits etc. are used externally and internally to cure many diseases like Pravahika (Dysentery), Pradara (Menorrhagia), Raktapitta (Haemoptysis) etc. Thus its medico-historical importance and other details have been presented in this article.

Udumbar_1

Read more here: http://www.ccras.nic.in/sites/default/files/viewpdf/jimh/BIIHM_2007/29%20to%2044.pdf

Junk Food and Teen Age Suicides

Depression or any mental disorder is hurdle for peaceful family and peaceful society. Junk food increases chances of chaos in family and in society. No wonder why there is rise in teens attempting suicides. No surprise for rising divorce cases. Nothing abnormal if there are new psychiatric clinics. That is what society deserves when food is either junk or processed.

Junk Teen


Research


Junk Food May Increase Depression Risk

newsroom.cumc.columbia.edu/blog/2015/07/29/junk-food-may-increase-depression-risk/

A diet high in refined carbohydrates may lead to an increased risk for new-onset depression in postmenopausal women, according to a study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Consumption of carbohydrates increases blood sugar levels to varying degrees, depending on the type of food ingested. The more highly refined the carbohydrate, the higher its score on the glycemic index (GI) scale. The GI scale, which goes from 0-100, measures the amount of sugar found in the blood after eating. Refined foods such as white bread, white rice, and soda trigger a hormonal response in the body to reduce blood sugar levels. This response also may cause or exacerbate mood changes, fatigue, and other symptoms of depression.

The investigators found that progressively higher dietary GI scores and consumption of added sugars and refined grains were associated with increased risk of new-onset depression in post-menopausal women. Greater consumption of dietary fiber, whole grains, vegetables, and non-juice fruits was associated with decreased risk. This suggests that dietary interventions could serve as treatments and preventive measures for depression. Further study is needed to examine the potential of this novel option for treatment and prevention and to see if similar results are found in the broader population.

Processed Food, Preservatives and Obesity

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Food industry’s primary focus is not increase shelf life and reduce waste. In this urge, they are injecting more and more chemicals into processed food.

Take any packaged food item and you shall find base of chemical cocktails.

Obesity


Research


Study Shows How Food Preservatives May Disrupt Human Hormones and Promote Obesity

https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/About-Us/News/News-Releases-2017/Study-Shows-How-Food-Preservatives-May-Disrupt-Human-Hormones-and-Promote-Obesity.aspx

The three chemicals tested in this study are abundant in modern life. Butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) is an antioxidant commonly added to breakfast cereals and other foods to protect nutrients and keep fats from turning rancid; perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a polymer found in some cookware, carpeting and other products; and tributyltin (TBT) is a compound in paints that can make its way into water and accumulate in seafood.

The investigators used hormone-producing tissues grown from human stem cells to demonstrate how chronic exposure to these chemicals can interfere with signals sent from the digestive system to the brain that let people know when they are “full” during meals. When this signaling system breaks down, people often may continue eating, causing them to gain weight.

Endocrine disruptors induce perturbations in endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria of human pluripotent stem cell derivatives

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-00254-8

Persistent exposure to man-made endocrine disrupting chemicals during fetal endocrine development may lead to disruption of metabolic homeostasis contributing to childhood obesity. Limited cellular platforms exist to test endocrine disrupting chemical-induced developmental abnormalities in human endocrine tissues. Here we use an human-induced pluripotent stem cell-based platform to demonstrate adverse impacts of obesogenic endocrine disrupting chemicals in the developing endocrine system. We delineate the effects upon physiological low-dose exposure to ubiquitous endocrine disrupting chemicals including, perfluoro-octanoic acid, tributyltin, and butylhydroxytoluene, in endocrine-active human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived foregut epithelial cells and hypothalamic neurons. Endocrine disrupting chemicals induce endoplasmic reticulum stress, perturb NF-κB, and p53 signaling, and diminish mitochondrial respiratory gene expression, spare respiratory capacity, and ATP levels. As a result, normal production and secretion of appetite control hormones, PYY, α-MSH, and CART, are hampered. Blocking NF-κB rescues endocrine disrupting chemical-induced aberrant mitochondrial phenotypes and endocrine dysregulation, but not ER-stress and p53-phosphorylation changes.

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