We aspire to shape existing cities as smart cities. Will it work?
Can you imagine city without steel and concrete? No. Besides usual usage in building homes and other shared usage, it is now part of roads and other land usages (Metro, Flyovers etc).
Steel and concrete absorbs and radiate more heat than their surroundings, raising the temperature in city area and creating the urban heat sinks or islands. This temperature also affects the surface energy balance. This in turn reduces surface moisture in a city. So even land free from concrete and steel is also under constant moisture depression.
A researcher found that high UHI (Urban Heat Island) intensity correlates with increased concentrations of air pollutants that gathered at night, which can affect the next day’s air quality. These pollutants include volatile organic compounds, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter. The production of these pollutants combined with the higher temperatures in UHIs can quicken the production of ozone. You see the cascading impact?
This can be controlled when there is a planned city limit. Right now, we really do not have city limits.
This can be controlled when distance between two habitat (village or town or city) are maintained. No inter-city distance planned.
Public transport usage can also help.
Trees plantation can help but not significantly as it has huge steel and concrete to compete with. City limit is key here. Boundary. No more development beyond certain point. Or better, city mingled with forest.
City centers are growing like a cancer tumor. Attracting more and more from surroundings to make the place more dense and polluted.
Are there provisions for these issues in smart city planning?
Absolute power for Judges is easy to corrupt, capture and control. Sanatana dharma never believed in it. Even in states where Kingship was in practice, Nyaya was always considered sacred duty, and decisions were taken by group of local tribes.
Pratap Sinha, chatrapati raja reigned from 1808-1839 AD in Satara. Fall of Peshwa took place in the year 1818. Pratap Sinha’s reign coincided with British administration in Mumbai. He studied old customs, dharma shashtra(s) and compiled them in a YADI.
Accoding to Nyayadhish chapter of his Yadi, efforts should be made for amicable settlements through proper exertion of neighbours(peers) and panchayet & peers.
Selection of Panchayet & Jury is not known, however who were included in Panch is clear from this reference
Also, please note the point that MAHAR, who is considered as low caste, were assisting Panchayet, as peers or part of Jury.
When education is compatible with dharma, it is easy to implement Jury trials in Bharat. Unfortunately, under present education system and society, we cannot implement it. However,it is important to know about better judiciary practice.
“Who is raising your child?”
“That is weird question. Of course, we, his parents.”
“I don’t think so, you are not alone.Who else?”
“And who? You can say, his baby-sitter helps us.”
“Oh yes, our parents help too sometimes. His school teachers at school.”
“And you miss some more names…”
“TV commercials, soap opera, cartoon network, Salman, Aamir, Sachin, Ajay, Akshay, Dhoni, mobile games, video games, and the endless list of entertainment tools.When he is at home, doesn’t he spend more time with all of these than with you, your parents ?”
“Then who is actually raising your child? Certainly not you. It is damn your electronic monsters at home! Do not expect more from him than a cartoon overloaded with information and blind awe for entertainment.”
Screen entertainment (TV/Mobile/Laptop/Game player) , like nature and books, has by its same power to control the time, attention and cognitive habits of our youth. In fact, screen entertainment is new competing curriculum, killing institution of Bharatiya education by slow poisoning of shallowness.
Needless to add that same screen entertainment is responsible for accelerating ageing, abridging scope of childhood and lengthening adulthood, confused, weak, shallow and directionless youth.
This first photo from WWF is very popular meme explaining deforestation. Imagine a virgin forest in tropical area. Dense and full of life. From insects to primates. Richest diversity. Now imagine loggers moving in to cut the forest using chainsaw. Bulldozing 1000s of years of work by mother nature.
Yes, forest will regrow for sure. But never like before. Since reforestation efforts are manual, humane, it will not be complex and natural. Diversity will drop. Sensitive species will die out. Invaders will flourish.
Understand the risk of mindless deforestation by man-made machines? Dangerous, right?
Same thing happens when we take antibiotics. For the complex ecosystem of the gut, on a scale a million times tinier, the principle still stands. As we bulldoze native microbes in our body, unique GUT flora gifted to us by our mother, family members and home we live in, perish. But as I utter again and again, mother nature does not like vacuum, this empty GUT soon will be taken over again. But never like virgin forest. You may get unknown microbes. Some against your nature. Some altering your habits. Good or bad, you cannot predict. Antibiotic chainsaws and invasive pathogens pull apart the web of life that’s forged a balance through countless subtle interactions. If the destruction is large enough, the system cannot bounce back.
Not only antibiotics, unhealthy diet too is the cause. Eating food at unknown places. Eating from unknown cooks.
So for growing children, it is very critical to avoid antibiotics and unknown food. As much as possible.
Logger outside and loggers inside : Avoid. Or expect collapse, sooner or later. Of great intensity or lower. Your luck 🙂 Your kid’s luck. 🙂 Take care. (Y)
Prevention is the only cure. Keep body stress-free. Have good food. Sound sleep. No addictions. Early morning exercise. Evening walk in the woods. Happy moments with family. That is real medicine.
Daily infusions with a chemical commonly associated with feelings of happiness were shown to increase calcium levels in the blood of Holstein cows and the milk of Jersey cows that had just given birth. The results, published in the Journal of Endocrinology, could lead to a better understanding of how to improve the health of dairy cows, and keep the milk flowing.
Demand is high for milk rich in calcium: there is more calcium in the human body than any other mineral, and in the West dairy products such as milk, cheese and yoghurt are primary sources of calcium. But this demand can take its toll on milk-producing cows: roughly 5-10% of the North American dairy cow population suffers from hypocalcaemia – in which calcium levels are low. The risk of this disease is particularly high immediately before and after cows give birth.
Hypocalcaemia is considered a major health event in the life of a cow. It is associated with immunological and digestive problems, decreased pregnancy rates and longer intervals between pregnancies. These all pose a problem for dairy farmers, whose profitability depends upon regular pregnancies and a high-yield of calcium-rich milk.
Now, when I read such research paper, I feel sick for the sheer reason that reductionist science only focus on physical aspects of well-being. And they test this by injecting love hormone. And the motive is nothing but to increase the good quality milk.
If you really take care of mother by loving her, worshiping her and providing her clean place to live, clean water to drink and enough freedom to graze pasture lands, she is naturally happy! And the result is observed, not only in her milk but also in her urine and dung! We really don’t need serotonin injections to treat her. That is greedy and short-sighted solution to increase the calcium. What is the use of calcium when there is no prana? Prana is nurtured by the love relations. You as a son and she as a mother.
In this cow house’, we provide for you with, Comfortable bedding obtained with money, good materials of Freshly daily produced feeds & water, and provide for many calvings.
(सुषदा गोष्ठेन व: सम्) सुख से जहां बैठा जा सकता है, ऐसे गोष्ठ का प्रबंध करो.
(रय्या सं ,भूत्या सं) उत्तम साधनों और आहार का प्रबंध करो. ( जल और हरा) स्वच्छ जल से और उत्तम हरे से दुग्ध उत्पादन और गौ के स्वास्थ्य में महत्वपूर्ण सुधार होता है.
( अहर्जातस्य तेना सृजामसि) पुन: पुन: गर्भ धारण कर के बछड़े बछिया को जन्म देने की व्यवस्था करो ( उत्तम नन्दी उपलब्ध करो)
( In earlier times cows were provided with comfortable floors of clean earth, sand , or straw etc to sit. In modern Dairy practice Cows are provided with comfortable beddings to sit. Plastic Foam pads, and composite canvass water beds are in use in developed world. By providing hard floors for cows to sit, discomfort, damage to milk teats and udder and injuries to knees etc are very common. Milk yield increase up to 10% is possible just by providing comfortable beddings for cows. Good water to drink and green fodder makes significant improvements in health and milk productivity of Cows.)
इस गोशाला में अनेक गौवें सुरक्षित, स्वस्थ, सुख से रहती हुई, (जिस से बड़े स्तर पर उत्पादन द्वारा ) हमें उत्तम गोबर गोमूत्र के जैविक अन्न पदार्थ और उत्तम दुग्धादि, पञ्च गव्य द्वारा शारीरिक पौष्टिकता और मानसिक विकास प्रदान करें।
Welcome all cows with love and affection to live in this institution, to grow in health, and numbers with excellent progeny .
सब गौवों को श्रद्धा और सेवा भाव से प्रेरित सुख मय वतावरण प्रदान करो, जिस से गोवंश की उन्नति हो
इस गौशाला में गौओं के संपूर्ण विकास के पर्यावरण में भिन्न भिन्न प्रकार के तोते बगुले इत्यादि पक्षी अन्य पशु साथ साथ रहने वाले भी गौ के स्वास्थ्य और पौष्टिकता के लिए आवश्यक हैं.
Thus live with large number of happy well-fed well-loved cows for growth, health, long life and prosperity.
मया गोपतिना सचध्वम- मुझ गोपति के साथ रहकर आनंद भोग करती और कराती गौएं , इह पोयिष्णु – सदा पुप्ष्ट रहें और पौष्टिकता प्रदान करें, रायस्पोषेण बहुला – धन धान्य से सम्पन्नता का साधन बनें , जीवन्ती: -सुख से जीवित रहती हुई , व: जिवा: उपसदेम- अपने (गौवों के साथ रह्ने से हम भी दीर्घायु बनें.
If you are sick, have kids at home, parents at home, then try to find such gau shala nearby and only avail milk from such sources. If there is no Gau shala, empower farmers to implement.
You will soon come across forgotten case of K. M. Nanavati by Bollywood flick. Case is considered milestone case, to suppress Jury system in India. Since then, we all have witnessed the state of Indian Judiciary.
Here is the old note to understand Jury system in dharma perspective.
Jury System as described in Dharma shashtra(s) by Chanakya,Manu,Narada,Sukra
Hindu law-givers did not draw any formal distinction between civil and criminal law, and the same Court was to administer both civil and criminal justice. It is apparent from Yajnavalkya and Narada that the incident of having justice administered by bodies or assemblies of men or with the assistance of assessors was a very common idea in the constitution of the Courts; e. g. assemblies of the people, corporations or guilds of merchants, gatherings, In Brhaspati, we find a distinction between the Chief Judge and the other Judges, the latter investigating into the case, and the former deciding it, while the King inflicts the punishment. And he also speaks of lesser offences being triable by relatives, companies (of artisans), assemblies (of co-habitants) and other persons duly authorized by the King. Sukra says that besides the King’s Courts there were other subordinate Courts, e. g., families, corporations, associations of inhabitants and officers appointed by the King. And like Brihaspati, Sukra recommends that there should be three, five or seven assessors (Jury members) or judges who should preferably be natives of the place where the two parties reside. The three or five members of Judicial Assembly acted as jurors as well as Judges but the final decision rested with the Chief Justice.
Besides the members of the Assembly, other persons present in Court were permitted, on certain occasions, to offer their
opinions. Narada says, “Whether authorized or unauthorized, one acquainted with the law shall give his opinion. He passes a divine sentence who acts up to the dictates of law”. The Sukraniti quotes these passages with approval and adds: “Duly qualified merchants should be made hearers.” The Sukraniti also quotes another passage from the Smritis, namely, “Either the Court house should not be entered, or the right word should be said. The man, who does
not speak or speaks unjustly, incurs sin.”
Side by side with these Courts there existed in many places that machinary, namely an assembly of men, to whom disputes could be referred for decision or before whom cases of wrong could be brought for redress. In their origin, concept and character there were differences, but their function all over was more or less the same.
According to Manu, Chief Justice should be accompanied by 3 Jurors.
We as a society, forgot this valuable prescription encapsulated in वर्णाश्रम व्यवस्था. Till 25, it is ब्रह्मचर्य. Gender-neutral rule. Restrain.
Now since, we really don’t care about the prescription, not only innocent attraction triggered by bodily changes, teens of our age are over-indulged in sex. Stress for growing organs.
Results? High chances of Cervical cancer. If not cancer, frequent infections. Indigestion. Rapid aging.
Not only that, HPV vaccine stress. Vicious cycle.
This BBC article starts well by stating :
“”Although women can be infected by HPV at any age, infections at a very young age may be especially dangerous as they have more time to cause damage that eventually leads to cancer.”
But it ends with nasty HPV vaccine recommedation:
“Importantly, the results back up the need for the HPV vaccination to be given in schools at an age before they start having sex, especially among girls in deprived areas.”
Vaccine is not a solution for preventing Cervical cancer. Self-restrain is.
If you have teens at home, take care. Divert their creative energy towards constructive attractions. Sports – best. Classical Music and Dance – another best. Explain them dangers of early age sex. Save their future.
It is gross delusion majority humans exhibit. Whatever is visible, is only considered as pollution. For example, air pollution – you notice only when there is black smog suffocating you. Noise pollution – you notice only when your sleep is hampered by the neighborhood DJ party. We hardly pay attention to silent pollution. Light pollution.
Our body is designed to remain sync with cycle of Sun and Moon. But we now hardly give any respect to bodily rhythms.
Necessity is mother of invention. Post-industrialization, mankind has disturbed human body’s circadian rhythms (A daily cycle of activity observed in many living organisms which depends on Sunrise and Sunset) severely by including post-sunset activities under artificial lights. There is 24×7 work culture now. Effects are inevitable. You see many among us with memory loss in young age. So it became necessity to invent memory supporting tools (From To Do list to modern smartphones)
Result? Slow but gradual degradation human mind’s strength like memory.
Imagine a time of last century when we started using artificial light. Amount of stress entire human race went through. I suspect, some of the historical endemic events were due to industrial leap events. Altering circadian rhythms by flood lights is one of them.
For modern urban resident, there is wealth arrogance. I pay my utility bills so I will keep them on, as long as I want!
Who is worse affected?
Our toddlers. Their rhythms. Their growth.
Artificial night lighting is expanding globally, but its ecological consequences remain little understood. Animals often use changes in day length as a cue to time seasonal behavior. Artificial night lighting may influence the perception of day length, and may thus affect both circadian and circadian rhythms.
Keep low light post sunset. For you, your kids and the birds in neighborhood. Respect natural bodily rhythms. Once in a month, spend a day or two in dark. No lights or very very low lights. Experience and embrace the darkness of the night.
1) Keep low light at home after sunset
2) Avoid artificial lights at work (I know this is difficult but critical 🙁 )
3) At least spend time in nature during sunrise and sunset
4) Make sure your kids sleep early (so that they avoid artificial lights for long)
5) If you really need light post sunset, keep it minimal. Best if you can keep desi ghee lamps or light of that intensity. ZERO light during sleep!
Have a look at few research papers related to light pollution.
Is artificial lighting making us sick? New evidence in mice
Environmental 24-hr Cycles Are Essential for Health
Along with eating right and exercising, people should consider adding another healthy habit to their list: turning out the lights. That’s according to a new study reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on July 14 showing many negative health consequences for mice kept under conditions of constant light for a period of months.
“Our study shows that the environmental light-dark cycle is important for health,” says Johanna Meijer of Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands. “We showed that the absence of environmental rhythms leads to severe disruption of a wide variety of health parameters.”
Those parameters included pro-inflammatory activation of the immune system, muscle loss, and early signs of osteoporosis. The researchers say that the observed physiological changes were all indicative of “frailty” as is typically seen in people or animals as they age. But there was some more encouraging news, too.
“We used to think of light and darkness as harmless or neutral stimuli with respect to health,” Meijer says. “We now realize this is not the case based on accumulating studies from laboratories all over the world, all pointing in the same direction. Possibly this is not surprising as life evolved under the constant pressure of the light-dark cycle. We seem to be optimized to live under these cycles, and the other side of the coin is that we are now affected by a lack of such cycles.”
Light pollution alters the phenology of dawn and dusk singing in common European songbirds
Artificial night lighting is expanding globally, but its ecological consequences remain little understood. Animals often use changes in day length as a cue to time seasonal behaviour. Artificial night lighting may influence the perception of day length, and may thus affect both circadian and circannual rhythms. Over a 3.5 month period, from winter to breeding, we recorded daily singing activity of six common songbird species in 12 woodland sites, half of which were affected by street lighting. We previously reported on analyses suggesting that artificial night lighting affects the daily timing of singing in five species. The main aim of this study was to investigate whether the presence of artificial night lighting is also associated with the seasonal occurrence of dawn and dusk singing. We found that in four species dawn and dusk singing developed earlier in the year at sites exposed to light pollution. We also examined the effects of weather conditions and found that rain and low temperatures negatively affected the occurrence of dawn and dusk singing. Our results support the hypothesis that artificial night lighting alters natural seasonal rhythms, independently of other effects of urbanization. The fitness consequences of the observed changes in seasonal timing of behaviour remain unknown.
Prana (प्राण) is gross form is Vayu with intelligence. When we destroy biodiversity, we make various forms of प्राण free radical. And with that, we invite unforeseen future of community sickness. From Ebola to Zika, this is primary reason.
In a recent study titled “Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessment” , researchers notes: “Ecologists found that grasslands, savannas and shrublands were most affected by biodiversity loss, followed closely by many of the world’s forests and woodlands. They say the ability of biodiversity in these areas to support key ecosystem functions such as growth of living organisms and nutrient cycling has become increasingly uncertain.”
Land use and related pressures have reduced local terrestrial biodiversity, but it is unclear how the magnitude of change relates to the recently proposed planetary boundary (“safe limit”). We estimate that land use and related pressures have already reduced local biodiversity intactness—the average proportion of natural biodiversity remaining in local ecosystems—beyond its recently proposed planetary boundary across 58.1% of the world’s land surface, where 71.4% of the human population live. Biodiversity intactness within most biomes (especially grassland biomes), most biodiversity hotspots, and even some wilderness areas is inferred to be beyond the boundary. Such widespread transgression of safe limits suggests that biodiversity loss, if unchecked, will undermine efforts toward long-term sustainable development.
The Nipah virus in South Asia, and the closely related Hendra virus in Australia, both in the genus of henipah viruses, are the most urgent examples of how disrupting an ecosystem can cause disease. The viruses originated with flying foxes, Pteropus vampyrus, also known as fruit bats. They are messy eaters, no small matter in this scenario. They often hang upside down, looking like Dracula wrapped tightly in their membranous wings, and eat fruit by masticating the pulp and then spitting out the juices and seeds. 
The bats have evolved with henipah over millions of years, and because of this co-evolution, they experience little more from it than the fruit bat equivalent of a cold. But once the virus breaks out of the bats and into species that haven’t evolved with it, a horror show can occur, as one did in 1999 in rural Malaysia. It is likely that a bat dropped a piece of chewed fruit into a piggery in a forest. The pigs became infected with the virus, and amplified it, and it jumped to humans. It was startling in its lethality. Out of 276 people infected in Malaysia, 106 died, and many others suffered permanent and crippling neurological disorders. There is no cure or vaccine. Since then there have been 12 smaller outbreaks in South Asia. 
And to preserve biodiversity, no global program will help. We must act locally. Educate fellow community homes.