Agriculture

Agriculture

Herbicide to Societal Suicide

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cide

“-cide” is a combining form used to make nouns meaning killing of someone or something.

Modern agriculture uses this frequently. Pesticide, fungicide, insecticide etc.

Morons. Annihilation of everything that you think is useless? And you preach for Sanatana Dharma 😀 ha ha ..grand delusion!!

Dharma does not teach Annihilation of useless. In fact, it is your greedy myopic vision that considers mother nature’s faithful dharmic entities as useless.

Farming is an art to keep everyone in motion in farm and yet get highest yield! Change your vocab and outlook.

Pesticides vs Pest-Control.
Fungicide vs Fungus-Control.

Glorious Bharatiya Agriculture – British Observations

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Glorious Bharatiya Agriculture Part 2 : Fallowing process
As observed by British officers.
#IndianAgriFacts (will use this tag to compile all posts on this subject)
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The Greed based farming has no concept of fallowing. A process in which Land left unseeded during a growing season. Yes! deliberate yield break!

This was key method by which the Sun was harvested time to time. When you keep the land fallow without unseeded, mother Earth with the help of local soil microbes and other birds and insects, will cover the land with grass. Call it weeds in your technical language. This helps Mother Earth to replenish herself with enough energy which is used extensively during planned crops.

Research hint: Fallowing = Restoring प्राण for Soil. Not following fallowing means, producing humans every year from your wife. Can you imagine her health? She will die prematurely. At least 4 years gap is suggested between two children. Maximum 4 children as per economic and health capacity. Same gap is needed for Mother Earth too.

In our times, this is not possible without community support. Majority farmers have small piece of land. So for them to help mother Earth, community must support them. That is possible at village level .That is possible only when urbans support them.

Here are the observations by British scientists about benefits reaped by Bombay presidency farmers by this method.

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Myth Breaker : Agriculture and Women in Ancient India

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Two myths

1) Females were never educated in ancient India
2) Best farming is natural farming – no ploughing, no soil preparation

There is often common rhetoric in armchair intellectuals that condition of females in ancient India were not good. There was male-dominated society. Bla bla bla….

Here is one example from Bengal to break the myth.

Khana (Bengali: খনা, pron. khawnaa) was an Indian poet and legendary astrologer, who composed in the medieval Bengali language between the ninth and 12th centuries AD. She is associated with the village Deuli, in Barasat district, West Bengal.
Her poetry, known as khanAr bachan (or vachan) (খনার বচন) (meaning “khana’s words”), among the earliest compositions in Bengali literature, is known for its agricultural themes.

One of her aphorism says:

” For the successful cultivation of cotton one has to plough the land 16 times, for radish 8 times, for paddy 4 times and for betel nil.”

Cotton plant has an elaborate root-system, radish is a herb, paddy is a surface feeder, and betel is a climber that produces numerous adventitious aerial roots.

So, a female agricultural scientist teaches many generations to come agriculture in effortless, shareable, copyright-free form of wisdom i.e. aphorisms and songs.

First myth is wrong.
Second is not agriculture but lethargy driven by deluded sentiments towards mother nature.

Air pollution and Agriculture : Increased carbon dioxide levels in air restrict plants ability to absorb nutrients

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co2_sky-small

You try all you can with soil improvement or better water management, if air is putrid, nothing will work.

Higher CO2 (or Higher O2 or higher NO) means disturbed Prana. Disturbed Prana means no ingestion, digestion, excretion. No excretion -> all sicknesses. So this is very critical for urban terrace farmers. They have worse air pollution to handle.

Agnihotra plays a vital role here. Doing homam in the vicinity of the land, with the use of Pure desi cow ghee, dung and other herbs produces balancing oxygen, NO and other gases. In short, it stabilizes Vayu and in turn Prana.

Planting more trees too will help. Peepal, Banyan and other fruit trees.

Cow dung microbial world also work hard for increasing Prana.

Presence of Desi Cow/Bull in the farm itself is sacred and self-saving.


Comment by Ranjit Kumar Dash

“Prana pervades all that we see on Earth; is impaired in neon-lit fume-soaked urban interruptions, which are but maiming mother nature. Terrace this, vermiculture that cannot make good what is getting damaged. Doom will eventually overtake all arty, smarty palliatives. Tatha na astu (May that never take place).”


Increased carbon dioxide levels in air restrict plants ability to absorb nutrients

http://science.gu.se/english/News/News_detail//increased-carbon-dioxide-levels-in-air-restrict-plants-ability-to-absorb-nutrients.cid1309352

The rapidly rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere affect plants’ absorption of nitrogen, which is the nutrient that restricts crop growth in most terrestrial ecosystems. Researchers at the University of Gothenburg have now revealed that the concentration of nitrogen in plants’ tissue is lower in air with high levels of carbon dioxide, regardless of whether or not the plants’ growth is stimulated. The study has been published in the journal Global Change Biology.

Researcher Johan Uddling has been working with Swedish and international colleagues to compile data on how raised levels of carbon dioxide impact on plant growth and nitrogen absorption.

Plant quality impaired by increased carbon dioxide levels

Butter Milk Spray for Plant Health

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Leaf-curl is a plant viral disease. Chilli plant gets it more often. Since fundamental of sickness in Ayurvedic perspective is different from other methods, solution is also different.

LeafCurl

Viral infection is a cellular stress. Idiots spray fungicide to control fungus. But we do it differently.

Due to untimely rain last year, we got this in home garden and several farmer friends got it @ farms.

We spray butter milk prepared from desi Gau raw milk.

Butter milk helps plant to induce innate immune responses and get stabilized against stress (here environmental variation stress).

The amino acid proline has been found to systemically induce resistance in plants. It stimulates production of antimicrobial phenolics. High amounts of endogenous proline increase contents of cytokinins and auxins.

Besides, holistic view of organism suggest that viral sickness is due to stress. Stress can be reduced when you instill more Prana. Manual churning of milk induce prana in it. Call it probiotic bacteria if you want.

Zero budget recovery! Unlike popular mainstream destructive, ineffective fungicide solution!

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Spreader-stickers, or if you prefer, sticker-spreaders, are agents we can add to garden sprays to make them more effective. Sticker / Spreaders are products that you mix in a sprayer tank with insecticides, fungicides or foliar fertilizers to the product stick to the plant you are spraying and also disperse evenly over your plants. Many sticker / spreaders will help reduce drifting where most of your product blows away with the wind and many have waterproofing and anti-evaporation properties.
To ensure you get the full value out of your insecticides and fertilizers it is a good idea to use a sticker / spreader in every single tank.

First you buy costly chemicals and then buy supporting chemicals to increase their efficiency! 😀

We use zero budget solution.

Butter milk or milk is great Spreader-stickers + Immune booster for all plants. 🙂 Zero cost, healthy plants, great yield!

Food Import : Damage to local environment

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foodImport

It is not just greed-focused agriculture designed to grow only export quality food that damages environment, importing food also damages environment!

Urge for exotic food is not only havoc for your GUT but also outside environment. In Ayurveda, it is always suggested that one should rely on local resources for food, medicines and any life-routine habits. Ayurveda is a section of Veda and Veda always talks about, not only physical plane but also mental and adhyatmik plane. So when Ayurveda prescribes local resources, it is not just about our food! It is also about external environment and its direct impact on our mind and prana!

Thanks to India’s surrender to WTO and global food mafia companies, we now not only import as a compulsion but just for the sake of trade! We waste our agriculture land and water resources for the food that is being exported. Meanwhile, we import cheap food from Africa!

Food shouldn’t be treated like commodity. It is life-line, has to be decentralized and locally-focused.

Global agricultural trade is dubious setup.


Research


Importing food damages domestic environment

http://csis.msu.edu/news/importing-food-damages-domestic-environment

Soybean trade offers but one example of the unexpected environmental impacts of global food trade – and a heads up that negotiations of trade agreements need complete information, the paper notes. For example, once-upon-a-time cornfields in Mexico and South America now grow vegetables, and demand more nitrogen inputs, thanks to influxes of cheap American corn. And nitrogen isn’t the only change. Crop decisions driven by global markets also can place increased demands on water supplies.

“This study underscores the need to pay attention to both sides of international trade not rely on conventional wisdom,” Liu said. “The framework of telecoupling – a new integrated way to study human and natural interactions over distances – shows us unexpected outcomes that can stand in the way of sustain

“This research demonstrates a surprising environmental impact of global agricultural trade,” says Betsy Von Holle, a director of the National Science Foundation’s Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems program, which funded the study. “If the importing country switches from a more sustainable crop, such as soybeans, to one that needs more water and nutrients, such as corn, the nitrogen pollution that results can harm the environment of the importing country.”

Insects, pests and monoculture

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Why insect pests love monocultures, and how plant diversity could change that
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For all Science-fanatic, world-hunger apologetic supporting chemical mono-culture farming.

And same mono-culture is forced on humans as there is wave of globalization going on killing native diversity. Once you start living synthetic global life-style, you are prone to insects and pests, ending life earlier than expected.

We are hitting own legs with axe!

insect pest


Research


Diversity as Natural Pesticide

The problem with monocultures

The problem with monocultures, Wetzel said, is if an insect likes the crop, that insect has a large food supply to draw from all in one place. Conversely, a field containing a variety of plants does not offer a large block of food for the insect, so it will not get the nutrients it needs to survive and thrive.

“A monoculture is like a buffet for plant-eating insects where every dish is delicious,” Wetzel said. “A variable crop is like a buffet where every other dish is nasty.”

https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/diversity-natural-pesticide/

Variability in plant nutrients reduces insect herbivore performance

Left to its own defenses, a farm field growing a variety of plants tends to attract fewer insect pests than a field growing just one type of crop. While scientists and farmers have noted that difference for years, the reasons behind it have been poorly understood.

A study led by the University of California, Davis, and published Oct. 12 in the journal Nature explains that much of the discrepancy may have to do with the nutritional needs of insects. Returning plant diversity to farmland could be a key step toward sustainable pest control.

“Insects have a perfect nutrient level that they really like,” said lead author William Wetzel, a doctoral student in Population Biology at UC Davis at the time of the study and currently an assistant professor at Michigan State University. “When it’s too high or too low, they do poorly.”

Abstract

The performance and population dynamics of insect herbivores depend on the nutritive and defensive traits of their host plants1. The literature on plant–herbivore interactions focuses on plant trait mean values234, but recent studies showing the importance of plant genetic diversity for herbivores suggest that plant trait variance may be equally important56. The consequences of plant trait variance for herbivore performance, however, have been largely overlooked. Here we report an extensive assessment of the effects of within-population plant trait variance on herbivore performance using 457 performance datasets from 53 species of insect herbivores. We show that variance in plant nutritive traits substantially reduces mean herbivore performance via non-linear averaging of performance relationships that were overwhelmingly concave down. By contrast, relationships between herbivore performance and plant defence levels were typically linear, with variance in plant defence not affecting herbivore performance via non-linear averaging. Our results demonstrate that plants contribute to the suppression of herbivore populations through variable nutrient levels, not just by having low average quality as is typically thought. We propose that this phenomenon could play a key role in the suppression of herbivore populations in natural systems, and that increased nutrient heterogeneity within agricultural crops could contribute to the sustainable control of insect pests in agroecosystems.

Synthetic Fertilizer : Opium that kills ecology

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Nehru govt was the most retarded govt in our history who introduced artificial fertilizer units across country and destroyed fertility of the land.

All because of fanatic obsession with western masters life.

One more aspect that green revolution apologists must read. This ostrich vision is right now guiding prime minister of India so we must act, educate farmers and raise their voice.

No agriculture university in India is doing such independent researchers. Forget about them educating farmers.

Prime Minister, in his recent speech did mention over-use of NPK formula but on the other hand he also promoted Genetically modified bananas! So I consider his stand deceptive as far as agriculture matters.

As per this research, when exposed to nitrogen fertilizer over a period of years, nitrogen-fixing bacteria called rhizobia evolve to become less beneficial to legumes — the plants they normally serve, researchers report in a new study.

Researchers call it -> “far-reaching ecological and environmental consequences,”

Havoc is already been implemented on India soil

Not that long ago, before the advent of industrial fertilizers and the widespread use of fossil fuels, soil nitrogen was a scarce commodity. Some plants, the legumes, found a way to procure the precious nitrogen they needed — from rhizobia.

“The rhizobia fix nitrogen — from atmospheric nitrogen that we’re breathing in and out all the time — to plant-available forms,” Heath said. “Plants can’t just take it up from the atmosphere; they have to get it in the form of nitrate or ammonium.”

Nitrogen

In return, legumes shelter the rhizobia in their roots and supply them with carbon. This partnership benefits the bacteria and gives legumes an advantage in nitrogen-poor soils. Previous studies have shown that nitrogen fertilizers can affect the diversity of species that grow in natural areas, Heath said. In areas polluted with fertilizer runoff, for example, legumes decline while other plants become more common.

What exactly is happening?
We are changing the प्राणिक footprints of the local environment. And this is no way helping crops. We are killing natural mutualisms. This is not science but moronic pseudo-science.


Research


Long-term nitrogen fertilizer use disrupts plant-microbe mutualisms

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN

When exposed to nitrogen fertilizer over a period of years, nitrogen-fixing bacteria called rhizobia evolve to become less beneficial to legumes – the plants they normally serve, researchers report in a new study.

These findings, reported in the journal Evolution, may be of little interest to farmers, who generally grow only one type of plant and can always add more fertilizer to boost plant growth. But in natural areas adjacent to farmland, where fertilizer runoff occurs, or in areas where nitrogen oxides from the burning of fossil fuels settle, a change in the quality of soil rhizobia could have “far-reaching ecological and environmental consequences,” the researchers wrote.

“The nitrogen that we apply to agricultural fields doesn’t stay on those fields, and atmospheric nitrogen deposition doesn’t stay by the power plant that generates it,” said University of Illinois plant biology professor Katy Heath , who led the study with Jennifer Lau , of Michigan State University. “So this work is not just about a fertilized soybean field. Worldwide, the nitrogen cycle is off. We’ve changed it fundamentally.”

Not that long ago, before the advent of industrial fertilizers and the widespread use of fossil fuels, soil nitrogen was a scarce commodity. Some plants, the legumes, found a way to procure the precious nitrogen they needed – from rhizobia.

“The rhizobia fix nitrogen – from atmospheric nitrogen that we’re breathing in and out all the time – to plant-available forms,” Heath said. “Plants can’t just take it up from the atmosphere; they have to get it in the form of nitrate or ammonium.”

In return, legumes shelter the rhizobia in their roots and supply them with carbon. This partnership benefits the bacteria and gives legumes an advantage in nitrogen-poor soils. Previous studies have shown that nitrogen fertilizers can affect the diversity of species that grow in natural areas, Heath said. In areas polluted with fertilizer runoff, for example, legumes decline while other plants become more common.

In the new analysis, Heath and her colleagues looked at six long-term ecological research fields at Michigan State University’s Kellogg Biological Station. Two experimental plots were located in each of six different fields. One plot in each field had been fertilized with nitrogen for more than two decades; the other, a control plot, had never been fertilized.

The researchers isolated rhizobia from the nodules of legumes in fertilized and unfertilized plots. In a greenhouse experiment, they tested how these bacteria influenced legume growth and health. The researchers found that the plants grown with the nitrogen-exposed rhizobia produced 17 to 30 percent less biomass and significantly less chlorophyll than plants grown with rhizobia from the unfertilized plots.

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-02/uoia-lnf022315.php

Research: Soil microbes flourish with reduced tillage

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Before farmers were fooled to believe that tractor based farming is the way forward, traditional farmers used various ways of ploughing. From no tilling to precision tilling. Different land, different season, different crop, different tilling. Or No tilling at all.

There was not compulsion yet the outcome was precise, as per the needs of the soil.

Here, Inspector-General of Agriculture in India in 1900 confessed honestly that Indian Agriculture is just perfect. No improvement is needed. 🙂 If I boast about self, you will doubt. Here, a foreigner’s bias-free account.

Perfect blend of blessings by विश्वकर्मा देव & intuitions and hints gifted by माँ अदिति.

And we are taught in school and colleges that Indians were primitive, knew nothing about science and British actually taught them techniques and all by their modern education reforms.

Pre-British, Pre-Industrial farming, Indian Precision Ploughing/tillage
Pre-British, Pre-Industrial farming, Indian Precision Ploughing/tillage

Here is the latest research recommending reduced tillage for flourished microbial communities in soil. Re-confirming ancient scientific practices.


Research


Soil microbes flourish with reduced tillage

http://www.alphagalileo.org/ViewItem.aspx?ItemId=168600&CultureCode=en

Soil Wealth - Microbes
Soil Wealth – Microbes

It’s the microbes that matter most.

Microbes improve soil quality by cycling nutrients and breaking plant residues down into soil organic matter. In an effort to detect consistent patterns across a large geographical area, University of Illinois researchers conducted a meta-analysis of 62 studies examining the effect of tillage on soil microbes. No-till systems had greater soil microbial biomass and enzymatic activity. Tilled systems that used a chisel plow were equivalent to no-till systems, in terms of microbial biomass.

“Soil microbes are the workhorses of the soil. They break down crop residues and release nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and other nutrients back to the soil so they’re plant-available. We want a healthy, diverse microbial community so that those processes can happen and improve our soils,”

For the past several decades, farmers have been abandoning their plows in favor of a practice known as no-till agriculture. Today, about one-third of U.S. farmers are no longer tilling their fields, and still more are practicing conservation tillage—using equipment that only disturbs the soil to a minimal degree. No-till and, to a lesser degree, conservation tillage maintains or improves soil quality by preserving soil structure and moisture, increasing soil organic matter, and providing habitat for soil microbes.

“Helping the soil function better helps your crops grow better, and can also maintain high quality soil for sustainability purposes. In Illinois, we have such great soil; it’s our biggest resource. Farmers can help protect it by making sure the microbial community is healthy.”

Interstellar, Mono-culture Farming and Gau Mata

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Blight refers to a specific symptom affecting plants in response to infection by a pathogenic organism.

In movie interstellar, this was mentioned as crop epidemic. One by one, each crop was failing in future.

What is solution for this?

Being a farmer, I know the answer for it.

There is no pathogenic (Able to cause disease) organism on Earth. Each one of us doing our job. Some of these bacteria are given clean up job. When Mother Nature sees no sign of life, she arranges bacterias to do clean up job.

Since advent of last century, world has adopted monoculture farming (and nuclear family living) with heavy use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. This has lead to depletion of vital elements in the soil. Crops suck whatsoever available nutrients but they are not sufficient to survive on them. Hence, from birth, plants are living almost dead life. And so blight the rapid decaying process. Premature decay.

Solution is multi-crop gau based farming. Her dung and urine has all 128 necessary elements (In picture, you see 33 elemental devata(s) shown in her body). Along with it, they are full of Prana shakti ( This is beyong modern science to understand 🙂). But for her to provide us such precious wealth, we need forests for her to graze.

When plants are full of prana and nutrients, there will be no trace of blight.

A common sense solution without mambo jumbo of Popular science 😉 🙂

Afforestation + Protection of Bos Indicus + diversity or polucrops -> Solution for world food crisis

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