Agriculture

Agriculture

Ditch Green Revolution, Revive Millet : Save Water & soil

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ditchGreen

It is now evident that India never needed Green Revolution. It was all made up to sell filthy agri technology. Climate conditions and richness of weather and terrain of India was always enough to feed her subjects.

Western researchers are now teaching us our traditions (like here crop swap) so that we can recover from green revolution damage.

Despite so called ‘Revolution’, India still has nutrient-deficient population. Don’t blame population growth. Blame faulty strategies and blind surrender to Agri Tech.

India will need to feed approximately 394 million more people by 2050, and that’s going to be a significant challenge. Nutrient deficiencies are already widespread in India today—30 percent or more are anemic—and many regions are chronically water-stressed. Making matters worse, evidence suggests that monsoons are delivering less rainfall than they used to.

Now, they openly confess issues with modern chemical based agriculture.

Starting in the 1960s, a boom in rice and wheat production helped reduce hunger throughout India. Unfortunately, this Green Revolution also took a toll on the environment, increasing demands on the water supply, greenhouse gas emissions, and pollution from fertilizer.

“If we continue to go the route of rice and wheat, with unsustainable resource use and increasing climate variability, it’s unclear how long we could keep that practice up,” says Kyle Davis, a fellow at Columbia University’s Earth Institute and lead author on the new study. “That’s why we’re thinking of ways to better align food security and environmental goals.”

And what solution do they propose?

The potential benefits of replacing rice with alternative crops varied widely between different regions, depending on how much the crops could rely on rainfall instead of irrigation. But overall, the researchers found that replacing rice with maize, finger millet, pearl millet, or sorghum could reduce irrigation water demand by 33 percent, while improving production of iron by 27 percent and zinc by 13 percent.

Intelligent civilisation, living life by considering nature as mother, will never plan exotic food. Even rice is exotic for Indian regions where rain and water is not sufficient. But we do grow rice in Rajasthan and Gujarat! Pathetic! Our food was always based on local climate conditions. Now, this is what research is prescribing!

They found that rice is the least water-efficient cereal when it comes to producing nutrients, and that wheat has been the main driver in increasing irrigation stresses.

Rice couldn’t be staple food for all. Same goes with wheat! So what solution do scientists have?

Millets!

Momentum is already growing in support of alternative grains. Some Indian states are have already started pilot programs to grow more of these crops, and the Indian government is calling 2018 the ‘Year of Millets.’

“If the government is able to get people more interested in eating millets, the production will organically respond to that,” says Davis. “If you have more demand, then people will pay a better price for it, and farmers will be more willing to plant it.”

Reference: [Columbia Uni] http://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2018/07/04/india-crop-swapping-water-nutrition/

Man’s comfort, Mother’s broken cycles

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Nitrogen

Fritz Haber (left, 1.0 Nobel prizes in 1918) and Carl Bosch (right, 0.5 Nobels in 1931) have probably had a greater impact than anyone in the past 100 years, including Hitler, Gandhi, Einstein, etc.

Yes, they invented a method to bypass soil microbes and provide nitrogen in terms of urea. One of the worse future of mankind was written by this process implementation.

Biological nitrogen fixation – essential natural cycle was disturbed. And many future generations will pay high price for it.

Today, essential nitrogen for your body does not come from soil microbes but Haber-Bosch process! 😀 प्राणविहीन Nitrogen and nitrates! 🙁

Rural India, Chemical Agriculture, Kidney Failure

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Two old notes showing how rural India will be devasted in next dacade. Some states are already failing (Punjab, Gujarat)

Note#1

Agricultural workers, working under tremendous stress of toxic chemicals, suffer from Kidney failure.

We consume what they grow. Full of chemicals. Chances are high that many of us will suffer from this lethal epidemic of kidney failure. We may not get impacted so blatantly as workers are but chances are high.

In fact, Renal failure has increasingly become visible in infants (As discussed with pediatrician Dr recently)

Why do we want to wait until this epidemic reaches our door step?

Take action now. Spend your weekend with farmers and ask them to provide chemical-free food.

Note#2

Why there are increasing number of cases of Kidney failure, Liver failure, liver Cancer, urinal tract infection?

This report may explain why.

As I said earlier, impact of chemicals in processed food or food grown by chemicals is random. How and when it will pop up in life is not in our hand.

This is the reason why we should either grow our own food or support all those farmers who are willing to grow chemical-free food for us.

And to grow chemical-free food in India, we need help from Cows. Without her, it is not difficult but impossible.


Research


CDC will explore kidney failure epidemic among agricultural workers

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has launched three new studies to examine a lethal epidemic of kidney failure that has killed agricultural workers along Central America’s Pacific coast and in regions of Sri Lanka, India, and Egypt.

Chronic kidney disease of unknown origin, or CKDu, has crept up on health authorities in the affected countries, affecting many poor rural communities far from research centers. India’s epidemic, concentrated in the Uddanam region of Andhra Pradesh, emerged after research into typical forms of chronic kidney disease had found large numbers of young men with the disease who had neither diabetes nor hypertension—the usual precursors of kidney failure.

https://www.bmj.com/content/348/bmj.g3385.full

Pesticide Residues In Urine Of 3-Year-Old Are 670% Higher After Eating Non-Organic Food

“The system currently used for risk assessing chemicals is suitable only for one substance at a time. There is, therefore, no approved method for making an overall assessment of the effect of multiple chemicals simultaneously (i.e. combination effects, popularly known as the “cocktail effect”). There is an awareness that this is a major shortcoming.”

Pesticide Residues In Urine Of 3-Year-Old Are 670% Higher After Eating Non-Organic Food

 

Eutrophication – Silent water pollution & Agriculture triggered Collapse

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Couple of days back, when I was traveling to farm with my son, he had peculiar observation about nearby village’s pond.

“Papa, why the water is all green! Why it looks so polluted.”

“It is all the result of greed, my dear son.”

Eutrophication_1

Few days back, there was news in social media that some lake in Bangalore was all full of foam. That is visible pollution. There is invisible pollution of water resources going on without common man’s notice.

They call it Eutrophication. Or more precisely hypertrophication, is the ecosystem response to the addition of artificial or natural substances, mainly phosphates, through detergents, fertilizers, or sewage, to an aquatic system.

The mineral components of synthetic fertilizers, however, are easily leached out of the soil. In irrigated systems, the leaching problem may be particularly acute; a large amount of the fertilizer applied to fields actually ends up in streams, lakes, and rivers, where it causes eutrophication (excessive growth of oxygen-depleting plant and algal life).

For common men, it is green so good. 🙂 🙂 Unless it pollutes groundwater with oxygen depleting conditions.

No wise culture employ in such destruction. We do. 🙂

Eutrophication kills fish and other aquatic animals by depriving oxygen and it causes by direct or indirect routes many diseases to humans.

Mono-cultured forestry : Greedy Society’s Environmental Activism

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MixedForest
Not sure if you came across, but I did came across govt schemes and private plans to do agro-forestry. Nothing but growing series of trees in mono-culture way, forest by definition only. On paper forest.
Mixed forests are more productive than monocultures. This is true on all five continents, and particularly in regions with high precipitation.
Reforesting strategy by GDP-driven society and govt will always be based on economic value of the trees. So, they will plant only economically valuable trees. Not only that, they will also apply mono-culture approach used in modern agriculture.
 
What is naturalized, cannot substitute natural. Simple. Period.
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Research
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Mixed forests: ecologically and economically superior

“We know of the many advantages of mixed forests,” states Professor Hans Pretzsch, co-author of the study and author of a recently released, internationally acclaimed book on the ecology and management of mixed-species stands. “Mixed-species forests are ecologically more valuable as versatile habitats. They mitigate climate change, as they mean a higher carbon sink.”

Trees in mixed-species forests are often better supplied with light, water, and soil nutrients via their complementary crown and root systems. “This makes mixed stands more resilient during dry years. In addition, they are more stable against pests and visually more appealing,” adds Prof. Pretzsch from the Chair of Forest Growth and Yield Science in Weihenstephan.

But these arguments alone have not yet managed to convince forestry management to promote mixed-species stands. This meta-analysis and overview study now shows that a prudent selection of the combination of tree species leads not only to more ecological and resilient forests, but also to greater productivity, explains Pretzsch. The study documents that mixed stands perform better in terms of productivity than monocultures, particularly in areas with favorable water supplies, such as in Central Europe.

https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/detail/article/34635/
 

Worse practices of Agriculture Business

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1) intensive tillage,
2) monoculture,
3) irrigation,
4) application of inorganic fertilizer,
5) chemical pest control, 
6) genetic manipulation of domesticated plants and animals, and
7) “factory farming” of animals

➠ These are some of the worse agriculture practices. Disastrous – for all living organisms, including the Earth.
➠ Society is paying hard earned money in healthcare bill due to such idiotic irrational industrial agriculture practices.
➠ Mother Earth’s suffering are all visible around.
➠ Current so called Nationalist govt supports all of these practices. And all blind supporters of this govt keep silence about it.

If this continues for even half decade, future generation will remember us as most foolish and selfish human generation ever.

Food Import : Damage to local environment

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foodImport

It is not just greed-focused agriculture designed to grow only export quality food that damages environment, importing food also damages environment!

Urge for exotic food is not only havoc for your GUT but also outside environment. In Ayurveda, it is always suggested that one should rely on local resources for food, medicines and any life-routine habits. Ayurveda is a section of Veda and Veda always talks about, not only physical plane but also mental and adhyatmik plane. So when Ayurveda prescribes local resources, it is not just about our food! It is also about external environment and its direct impact on our mind and prana!

Thanks to India’s surrender to WTO and global food mafia companies, we now not only import as a compulsion but just for the sake of trade! We waste our agriculture land and water resources for the food that is being exported. Meanwhile, we import cheap food from Africa!

Food shouldn’t be treated like commodity. It is life-line, has to be decentralized and locally-focused.

Global agricultural trade is dubious setup.


Research


Importing food damages domestic environment

http://csis.msu.edu/news/importing-food-damages-domestic-environment

Soybean trade offers but one example of the unexpected environmental impacts of global food trade – and a heads up that negotiations of trade agreements need complete information, the paper notes. For example, once-upon-a-time cornfields in Mexico and South America now grow vegetables, and demand more nitrogen inputs, thanks to influxes of cheap American corn. And nitrogen isn’t the only change. Crop decisions driven by global markets also can place increased demands on water supplies.

“This study underscores the need to pay attention to both sides of international trade not rely on conventional wisdom,” Liu said. “The framework of telecoupling – a new integrated way to study human and natural interactions over distances – shows us unexpected outcomes that can stand in the way of sustain

“This research demonstrates a surprising environmental impact of global agricultural trade,” says Betsy Von Holle, a director of the National Science Foundation’s Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems program, which funded the study. “If the importing country switches from a more sustainable crop, such as soybeans, to one that needs more water and nutrients, such as corn, the nitrogen pollution that results can harm the environment of the importing country.”

Water-guzzling agriculture is not science, but quackery

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water

Water guzzling agriculture is neither science nor technological feat as it is often marketed.

Key concept is to maintain the topmost layer of the soil well-nourished, well-moisturized. And we do not need gallons of tube-well water for it. Not even drip irrigation!

Not so long ago, winter crops in India were grown without any water!!

1) Water along with dung-based manure (full of Marut(s) i.e. bacteria) keeps soil in optimum state with very less water.

2) Cow-dung ash spray reduces vaporization by the Sun upto 40%

3) Inter-cropping or layered-cropping does not allow much of the sunlight penetrated directly on the soil but instead maximum is utilized by the multiple green layers.

Soil Health Card is useless without गौ आधारित खेती (Cow-based farming)

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SoilMicrobesCarbon

American university proclaims:

“With more than 7 billion microorganisms in the soil, it’s no surprise we still have a lot to learn about them and their impact on the environment. “Consequently, the activity of microorganisms in soil has the potential to alleviate or worsen climate change, so we need to form predictions regarding their activities.”

Do you think without Gau mata, one can achieve this?

Remember, I often share here that

Gau out = Desert In
Desert In = Desert Religion In (Islam/Christianity)

Soil health card may be good way to track soil nutrients but it is useless if you cannot understand value of cow in maintaining soil health. Soil health does not only mean NPK! Or Organic matter. It mean Prana! and only Gau mata can provide Prana!!

Not only carbon cycle, Gau mata has potential to stabilize all natural cycles!! She is medium via which we should embrace primordial prana i.e. Sun


Research


WVU researcher uncovers influence of microorganisms on soil carbon storage

With more than 7 billion microorganisms in the soil, it’s no surprise we still have a lot to learn about them and their impact on the environment. A West Virginia University researcher is uncovering critical information about these tiny organisms under our feet, which although small, can have a huge impact on the environment.

Ember Morrissey, assistant professor of environmental microbiology in the Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, received a $150,000 grant from National Science Foundation’s Division of Environmental Biology’s Early-concept Grants for Exploratory Research program, known as EAGER, to increase understanding of the behavior of microorganisms in the soil to provide descriptions of microbial function that currently aren’t available.

Morrissey’s research will lay the groundwork needed to figure out how soil can be managed to address environment-related processes and issues, including global warming and climate change.

Of particular interest for Morrissey and other researchers is the ability to formulate more precise predictions of microorganisms’ carbon cycling, or how they use and create carbon, a key to combatting climate change.

“Soil stores a large fraction of the earth’s carbon – actually more carbon than the atmosphere and biosphere combined,” Morrissey explained. “Microorganisms break down and consume this carbon as they live and grow, converting it into the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.

“Consequently, the activity of microorganisms in soil has the potential to alleviate or worsen climate change, so we need to form predictions regarding their activities.”

https://wvutoday.wvu.edu/stories/2017/01/17/wvu-researcher-uncovers-influence-of-microorganisms-on-soil-carbon-storage

 

Collapse invitation : Destroy Diversity, Commit Suicide

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Diversity

“How old are you?”
“350 million years. I am oldest among my siblings on Bharat Bhumi”
“And we the development-generation ruined you in less than 100 years?”
“No problem, I am mother.”
“But being mother does not mean you sacrifice yourself for a mad son”
“Madness is the nature of this time called ‘Kaliyuga’ 🙂 You will be trapped again for millions of year in my गर्भ for your madness. After all, you not only ruin me but your future too. Wheels of time crushes all those who come in their way and don’t exactly know how to align life at the center of the wheel (Center of the wheel = Culture of the land, ideals for living life, health regime, mind regime etc).
What is center of your life? Or are you free flowing grain, wanderer by ignorance and crave, ready for getting crushed between wheels of time? Do you have center for life? A theme for this birth. A goal for this birth. A motive aligned to dharma? Selfless passion? If yes, don’t worry. This mother will make sure you survive against all destruction done by fellow mad humans.”

Even a stone is part of eco-system. Over-mining them without any plan to re-use, will kill the ecosystem and all associated benefits.

Modern human equate mother nature with profit. Profit kills diversity. Once the diversity of species is gone, collapse is nearby.


Research


Loss of species destroys ecosystems

https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/detail/article/34323/

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1439179116300913?via%3Dihub

An ecosystem provides humans with natural “services”, such as the fertility of the soil, the quality of the groundwater, the production of food, and pollination by insects, which is essential for many fruits. Hence, intact ecosystems are crucial for the survival of all living things. What functional significance therefore does the extinction of species have? Can the global loss of species ultimately lead to the poorer “functioning” of ecosystems? Professor Weisser from the Chair for Terrestrial Ecology at the TUM has summarized the findings of the long-term project “Jena Experiment”, which is managed by the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, since its inception in a 70-page article in the journal “Basic and Applied Ecology”. He was the speaker of the interdisciplinary research consortium up till the year 2015.

“One unique aspect of the Jena Experiment is the fact that we performed our experiments and analyses over 15 years”, explains Prof. Weisser. “Because the influence of biodiversity is only visible after a delay, we were only able to observe certain effects from 2006 or 2007 onwards — i.e. four or five years after the beginning of the project.” If a habitat is destroyed due to human intervention, a species usually does not go extinct immediately, but instead some time later. According to these findings, this extinction then has a delayed effect on the material cycles.

The effects of biodiversity became correspondingly more pronounced over time in the Jena Experiment: In species-rich communities, the positive effects, such as carbon storage in the ground, microbial respiration, or the development of soil fauna only became more pronounced over time. On the other hand, the negative effects of monoculture also only became visible later on. “This means that the negative effects of current species extinctions will only become fully perceptible in a few years”, warns Weisser.

FARMERS ARE NOT MORE SUCCESSFUL THAN NATURE

80,000 measurements were taken by interdisciplinary working groups from Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. In more than 500 test plots, they planted varying numbers of plant species, from monocultures to mixtures of 60 species. In addition to plants, all other organisms occurring in the ecosystem were also examined — in and above the ground. In addition, soil scientists also investigated the material cycles for carbon, nitrogen, and nitrate, as well as the water cycle over the entire 15-year period.

By doing so, researchers could prove how the diversity of species affected the capacity of the ground to absorb, store, or release water. “No other experiment to date has examined the nutrient cycle with such rigor”, says Prof. Wolfgang W. Wilcke from the Institute of Geoecology at the KIT in Karlsruhe. In the Jena Experiment, it was demonstrated for the first time the extent to which e.g. the nitrogen cycle of a certain piece of land depended on a wide range of factors such as species diversity, microbiological organisms, the water cycle, and plant interaction.

Among other things, the findings led to the following conclusions:

  • High-diversity meadows had a higher productivity than low-diversity meadows over the entire period of the Jena Experiment. Increased cultivation intensity via additional fertilization and more frequent mowing achieved the same effect: When a farmer promotes certain species and fertilizes, he is on average not any more successful than mother nature.
  • The energy of the biomass (bioenergy content) from high-diversity meadows was significantly higher than that from low-diversity meadows, but at the same time similar to that of many of today’s highly subsidized species, such as miscanthus.

BETTER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES THROUGH BIODIVERSITY

  • High-diversity areas achieved better carbon storage.
  • The number of insects and other species was significantly higher.
  • Reciprocal interactions between species such as pollination took place more frequently.
  • Higher-diversity meadows transported surface water into the soil better.
  • High-diversity ecosystems were more stable in the case of disruptions such as droughts or floods than low-diversity ecosystems.

Due to its breadth, the Jena Experiment proves for the very first time that a loss of biodiversity results in negative consequences for many individual components and processes in ecosystems. Hence, the loss of species worldwide not only means that a percentage of the evolutionary legacy of the earth is being irrecoverably lost, and that humans are not fulfilling their duty of care towards other creatures, but will have direct, unpleasant consequences for mankind. Among other things, the loss of species also has an effect on material cycles — which in turn have a direct influence on water supply, the source of all life.

The new spokesperson for the Jena Experiment is Professor Nico Eisenhauer from the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig. The expert from the Leipzig University will continue the experiment in order to investigate the underlying mechanisms of the biodiversity effects in greater detail. The founding members of the Jena Experiment were the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, where the scientific coordination is also based, and the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena. It received substantial financial support from the German Research Foundation (DFG).

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