It is well known fact that India used to lead world economy before British ruined it. And we were not only leading it, we were leading it sustainable way.
So, which education system produced such highly efficient entrepreneurs?
Education based on वर्णाश्रम व्यवस्था! Dharma was in center for education system. William Adam in his report notes that, despite extreme diversities of race, character and history, across nine provinces, education system was uniform and had little variety as we expected. And this was only possible due to dharma aligned roots of the society and education system.
What was their definition of indigenous school?
Education institutions established or conducted by natives of India by native methods.
Primary Education(up to age 7) in India was conducted by community, never was established as institution. Informal, accurate & life oriented.
Such institutions were of two types. Elementary and advanced. Elementary education was divided further into two types : Village school and Bazar school. In British provinces, villages schools were digested by department of education of British Govt and converted into modern primary school’s base.
Village schools, both Hindu and Muslim, had essential religion flavor. Although Hindu schools not only taught dharma, but also all basic skills needed to run life successfully. But in Muslim schools, this life oriented education was ignored and focus was on Koran only.
Let us talk more about Today’s post’s topic. Bazar school. These were special school different from Village schools for elementary education. When we talk about Indian education, one thought always come first: Guru-centered school with no fee structure. However, when we talk about bazar school, teacher was salaried, supported by community of traders. Need for Bazar school arose out of limitation of elementary schools where advance techniques for trade and business were not taught. And it is perfectly understandable as Village schools were for all and not all will get engaged in trade. Village school teaches everything but focus on specific Varna duties was natural based on nature of population. If the village is dominated by farmers, instructions will have customized dominance of farming related instructions..same for all occupations. In this case, Bazar schools were helping trading families to groom their kids for future.
In short, Indian Education was truly secular, respecting each child’s natural tendencies and providing customized education. Needless to mention, at large, education was free of cost.
Some old glimpses of Education from net