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lightning and role of Marut(s)
lightning and role of Marut(s)

Compilation of Vedic कवि’s imagination about a group of warriors.

A king for his imperative and imposing look
A chivalrous youth for his love for personal decorum
A warrior for his reckless courage
A Boxer for his championship of the wicked
A Friend for his disinterested assistance in senstive situations
A Young child for his innocense
A loving girl for her selfless. lustless love
A Father who is eager to welcome new-born

Splendour, light, weapons, powerful and stately physique, purity, cleanliness, strange violent look but also a playful and lovely countenance, vastness of body, countless numbers in their group, great mutual similarity among them…

Their actions: high-glying, swoop and perch, group-flying, movement in rows, easeful and lovely strolls, resistless onward marches, ceaseless travels, violent and destructive mood, swiftness, daring and ferocity, invincible spirit, irrepressible energy, absolute self-reliance, fondness for fame and glory, helpfulness and protection of weak, playful, punctuality, thundering voice…

May we become army of Marut(s).

From Pandit SAtvalekar’s books on Veda


Detail


Marut(s) are invoked in 33 hymns. They are invoked with Indra in one hymn. They are also addressed with Agni in 3 hymns. And with Vayu in one hymn. Lastly, they are praised with other deities @ 150 places.

Maruts are in multiplication of 7. Either 3×7 or 7×7 or 9×7. They are numerous although they have same name. They remain in group (Gana). They have the same form and are of the same age always, none being eldest or youngest. They equally become pleasant or enraged. They are called leaders in many passages.

They are visible and are in high position. They have firm body and fire like head and tongue.

The most catchy feature of their body is their brilliancy. They are brilliant, self-brilliant and brilliant like lightening and the sun. They are spotted like a deer.

They represent youthfulness and strength. They are roarers like a lion. They are called iron-tusked boars.

Their ornaments and implements are decorative and unparalleled. Golden turban on the head.

They are sons of Rudra. They are also regarded as followers of the Rudra. Prsni is their mother. Cow is also their mother. Rodasi, Rudra’s wife is their mother too. Indra is their brother, friend and helper. They are also followers of Indra. They are dependent on Agni.

Their abode is in heaven. They used to live in the Parusni river. Rudra gave birth to them in the womb of Prsni. Their birth place is fixed. They are also said to be arised from lightening. At one place, it is said that Vayu has generated Marut(s) for rain and elsewhere, it is said that Marut(s) have generated Vayu and lightening.

They are responsible for cloud formation, pouring down rain and thunderstorm.


‘Rain-making’ bacteria found around the world

http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080228/full/news.2008.632.html

Some microbes are frequent flyers in clouds.

The same bacteria that cause frost damage on plants can help clouds to produce rain and snow. Studies on freshly fallen snow suggest that ‘bio-precipitation’ might be much more common than was suspected.

Before a cloud can produce rain or snow, rain drops or ice particles must form. This requires the presence of aerosols: tiny particles that serve as the nuclei for condensation. Most such particles are of mineral origin, but airborne microbes — bacteria, fungi or tiny algae — can do the job just as well. Unlike mineral aerosols, living organisms can catalyse ice formation even at temperatures close to 0 ºC.

The effect of the biological ‘ice nucleators’ on precipitation has been a mystery, not least because no one has yet been able to detect them in clouds.

Surprising Find: Live Bacteria Help Create Rain, Snow & Hail

http://www.livescience.com/14299-bacteria-create-rain-snow-hail.html

Living bacteria that get whipped up into the sky may be just the spark needed for rain, snow and even hailstorms, research now finds.

Alexander Michaud of Montana State University in Bozeman, Mont., found large amounts of bacteria at the centers of giant hailstones.

Traditionally, researchers have thought that minerals or other particulates in clouds caused water droplets to glom together until they were large enough to fall as raindrops, snowflakes and hail. The new research shows that a large variety of bacteria, and even fungi, diatoms and algae, persist in the clouds and can be used as precipitation starters, a growing field of study called bioprecipitation. (In order for snow, say, to fall from clouds, particles around which ice crystals can form — called ice nuclei — are needed.)

Lightning Induced Gene Transfer

Extensive lightning strikes over the surface of our planet and over time might have induced gene transfer between microorganisms by a mechanism similar to that of electroporation, where the electrical current forms pores and the electrical field electrophoeretically moves DNA. We have shown that bacteria can uptake DNA in soil during laboratory-scale lightning strikes. We are now looking at the potential to bioremediate soil by injecting the appropriate gene into indigenous microorganisms (see recent paper below). We are also looking at different aspects concerning lightning’s effects on soil microbial communities

Spark for Life: Lightning Strikes Create Minerals Crucial for Early Organisms

Scientists identify a natural source for a form of phosphorus once common on Earth and critical for microbes

The high energy of a lightning strike creates an unusual form of phosphorus once common on primordial Earth and still used by many microbes today.

Phosphorus forms the DNA molecule’s spine, enrobes every living cell as a constituent of their membranes, and is a key component of bones and teeth. Author Isaac Asimov once called phosphorus “life’s bottleneck,” because it makes up 1 percent of an organism but is only present in 0.1 percent of minerals on Earth.

Today, most phosphorus enters the world’s ecosystems as granite and other rocks weather over time, releasing the molecule orthophosphate: a phosphorus atom linked to a hydrogen and four oxygens. But with little oxygen in the early atmosphere, ancient microbes evolved a very different chemical pathway to break down orthophosphate into phosphite, a reduced form of phosphorus that has just three oxygens. Because little phosphite exists in nature today, scientists have long wondered why many microbes still make the enzymes needed to digest it.

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