A friend asked, why we must bother about positive or negative perception management? Indian Media and Social Media could have ignored Kejriwal’s dangerous anti-India stand. Instead, we glorified it, mocked it and created huge issue. This is how perception management works. At the same time, govt should take strict actions against such elements. Not taking actions sends wrong signal, here and worldwide.
In the era of perception-management, mass media plays critical role, for and against the society.The term known is Psywar or psychological warfare. We are at war with troubling nation and since
“States not having the required capability for perception-management and for countering the perception management capabilities of not only other States, but also groups posing a threat to their national security and economic well-being, tend to become soft and vulnerable to external forces seeking to undermine the morale and culture of their people and the authority of their Governments.”
Accept it – India is a weak state as far as perception-management is concerned. Knowingly or unknowingly, entertainment industry is being used by Anti-Indian forces to manage popular perceptions.
“The Nazi forces were defeated not only by the superior military might of the Allies, but also by their better propaganda machine and, more particularly, by the British radio broadcasts, which sapped the will of the German people to continue fighting.”
“In October 1993, when the Kashmiri extremists occupied the Hazratbal shrine, the BBC telecast a report alleging that the Indian army had launched an operation Blue Star type raid of the shrine as a result of which it had caught fire. It never corrected this blatantly false report.
In May 1995, after the burning-down of the Charar-e-Sharif holy shrine in Kashmir by the extremists, the BBC, while telecasting the news, showed visuals of Russian-made tanks, apparently to create an impression in the minds of the Muslim viewers that the shrine probably caught fire because of the use of the tanks by the Indian army. When the Government of India protested and pointed out that the same visuals had some days earlier been shown while telecasting the fighting between Russian troops and Muslim extremists in Chechnya, the BBC telecast a correction only in its Asian service and not to the rest of the world. It admitted that the visuals were from Chechnya and not Kashmir and attributed the mistake to a technical mix-up”
Even Today, for example, go to BBC hindi website and you will find daily anti-Indian rants. Some sheer deliberate lies. And believe me, you will find Indians supporting these lies under the label of ‘Being liberal’.
And when you point out deliberate and factually wrong representation of situation in recently released movie, the gullible being liberal Junta, will consider your inputs as communal rants. It is unfortunate but true.
Protecting national interests is like protecting our body from all life-ending situations. One should develop deftness of mind (The hindi word is दक्षता) to sniff anti-national views and make sure to immune friends and families for not falling for prey.
Every time there is mass hysteria generated by Media, I share this paper. I shared it before during Nirbhaya rape case. Then when Movie Haider was released. And now when anti-India elements raising doubts on Indian Army. Govt’s inaction to manage perception always acts against them.
“If I wanted to lie, or if we wanted to lie, if we wanted to exaggerate, I wouldn’t use my daughter to do so. I could easily buy other people to do it.” –Saud Nasir al-Sabah, Kuwait’s Ambassador to the United States and Canada
Every big media event needs what journalists and flacks alike refer to as “the hook.” An ideal hook becomes the central element of a story that makes it newsworthy, evokes a strong emotional response, and sticks in the memory. In the case of the Gulf War, the “hook” was invented by Hill & Knowlton. In style, substance and mode of delivery, it bore an uncanny resemblance to England’s World War I hearings that accused German soldiers of killing babies.
On October 10, 1990, the Congressional Human Rights Caucus held a hearing on Capitol Hill which provided the first opportunity for formal presentations of Iraqi human rights violations. Outwardly, the hearing resembled an official congressional proceeding, but appearances were deceiving. In reality, the Human Rights Caucus, chaired by California Democrat Tom Lantos and Illinois Republican John Porter, was simply an association of politicians. Lantos and Porter were also co-chairs of the Congressional Human Rights Foundation, a legally separate entity that occupied free office space valued at $3,000 a year in Hill & Knowlton’s Washington, DC office. Notwithstanding its congressional trappings, the Congressional Human Rights Caucus served as another Hill & Knowlton front group, which — like all front groups — used a noble-sounding name to disguise its true purpose.80
Only a few astute observers noticed the hypocrisy in Hill & Knowlton’s use of the term “human rights.” One of those observers was John MacArthur, author of The Second Front, which remains the best book written about the manipulation of the news media during the Gulf War. In the fall of 1990, MacArthur reported, Hill & Knowlton’s Washington switchboard was simultaneously fielding calls for the Human Rights Foundation and for “government representatives of Indonesia, another H&K client. Like H&K client Turkey, Indonesia is a practitioner of naked aggression, having seized … the former Portuguese colony of East Timor in 1975. Since the annexation of East Timor, the Indonesian government has killed, by conservative estimate, about 100,000 inhabitants of the region.”81
There is age-old argument by meat consumers. Plants also have life.
Yes, true. They too are living beings. So, it is important to treat them like living beings.
Pluck not the growing flower or a fruit at the beginning of growth. And never destroy or uproot them ever like you kill animals.
Pluck the dead ones or almost on death-bed. And before plucking, get a permission from Vanaspti devata.
A truly devout Hindu would never ever heedlessly injure the slightest object that had life. Slaughter is a distant reality. A tree is as much a manifestation of the divine wisdom as the man himself is. Devas engaged equally in the creation process of a flower, fruits and other parts of the trees.
When we through thoughtlessness or ignorance or arrogance of being superior organism, injures these divine works, incurs anger and the ill-will of elemental workers (Devas).
Therefore, a Hindu (=Dharmik) in plucking a flower or cutting a twig, prays to the supreme and asks the permission of the industrious devata(s) who have manifested divine wisdom in different forms. He does not only recognize divine labour and appreciate their work but also asks for goodwill and blessings.
आयुर्बलं यशो वर्चः प्रजा: पशुन् वसूनि च।
बह्म प्रज्ञां च मेधां च त्वं नो देहि वनस्पते॥
“O’ Forest Lord! Give us long life, strength, fame, with Brahma, lustre, progeny, cattle and riches too. Give us O’ lord supreme! Wisdom, divine and intelligence!”
Every morning begins by chanting this during teeth cleaning using twig.
Habits changed with time. Twig was replaced by dead toothpaste and plastic brush. Chanting forgotten. With time progression, due to disconnect from mother nature, we became insensitive at core.
Result? Rampant killings, of both humans and animals. Least we consider plants and trees here. There is no scope for prayer and respect in animal slaughter or cutting trees. Yes, uprooting jungles is same as animal slaughter for me. Living animal and live tree – both are wealth generators. When dead, they are curse to repay for many births.
There is a solution. Bring back old habits back in routine. Teach your kids to recite above mantra before plucking anything from plants and trees. Use twigs for teeth cleaning. Recite this mantra.
Our immune system is like our brain – we have to exercise it and expose it to a healthy environment (germs and all) so that it matures properly. Meanwhile, antibacterial products like cleaners, soaps, toothbrushes, dishwashing detergents, and hand lotions keep multiplying and we buy them believing that they’ll protect our families from dangerous germs (dangerous? Ha ha). These MNCs have recently invaded Indian village space by learning filthy bottom of the pyramid theories [Picture is evidence. Ad on food in Mahakumbh]. Usage of these so called modern cleaners will increase and infectious disease epidemic will increase too over the period of time.
You are forced to believe and use cleaners while American Medical Association prescribes to their citizens that : “If your family is generally healthy, then according to the American Medical Association, regular washing of hands with soap and water is all that is required to get rid of germs.”
Living in company of too many antibacterial @ Home means to sensitise immune system to any irritant that comes in our way. More allergies, more diseases.Using cleaners containing antimicrobial chemicals would actually kill the germs in your house, and although this sounds like a better idea, studies show that there is no demonstrated health advantage to using these types of cleaners.
Go Back to Basics. The surfactants in cow dung ash, mitti, old traditional soaps help lift the dirt off surfaces, while a little scrubbing and good rinsing will carry the dirt (and any microbes) away. And mitti will keep your immune system wise and mature forever 🙂.
Value of forest was well understood by British govt as it is described in The Imperial Gazetteer Of India – part 3 (Economic).
Forest Cover India
When India is on the verge of server water crisis, this records should remind us critical role forest play in conserving water. Our urban tree plantation drives are not enough.
Analysis of Changing Forest Cover and its Impact on Environment with Special Reference to Umtrew Basin, North East India
“The study elucidates that the population growth, migration, developmental activities and agricultural activities are the main driven force deforestation; however there is a spatial variation in contribution to the causative factors. Change in local population is directly related to forest degradation. In some places jhooming is one of the important problem. Agricultural expansion, development of industries caused the deforestation in many ways.It is observed from the analysis of satellite data of last thirty years; it becomes clear that the forest cover has been tremendously decreasing in the Umtrew basin. As a result, soil erosion and siltation on the river bed has already been increased manifold in the said area. The geo-environmental condition of this part has already been deteriorated. There is every possibility of micro climatic change due to such changes. So, this area needs more afforestation including the social forestry programme for restoring the conditions as prevailed earlier. Therefore, considering the trend of forest change there is an umpteen need to take protection measures in the Umtrew Basin to maintain the environmental quality, restricting the possibilities of micro climatic change and meet the national demand of forest cover.”
Young friend asked: “Why only offer food to Crow in Shradhdh paksha?”
It is not fixed that you offer food to only crow. Crow represents the weaknesses you received in legacy. It is to tame the Crow-legacy received.
We do not only receive physical body as legacy but also other parts of body (Refer: Panchkoshiya Sharir) from maternal and paternal seeds.
Manomay Kosha of our ancestors may have imprints of wavering nature due to their limitations or circumstances (or any other mental disorder of varied degree). The crow or कौआ is your Manomay sharir’s legacy defect, which represents चलद्रष्टि (wavering mind) predominantly. Everyone suffers from चलद्रष्टि of different intensity. Vata + Tamas type suffer more.
This is the time to take care of this defect and overcome it.
Since we cannot imagine anything without reference, it is important to feed Crow during this time of the year so that we can be reminded about wavering nature of our mind and immediate control over it.
As long as offering is concerned, this is what Vayu Puran has to say:
After death, as per karmic account or गुप्तचित्र, we receive different गति. कोई देवता तो कोई पितर तो कोई प्रेत तो कोई प्राणी तो कोई वृक्ष बनता है.. कुछ न कुछ तो बनता ही है..या बनने के समयकी राह देख रहा होता है..(trapped in time).
So how really my tarpan reaches to my ancestors?
नाममंत्रास्तथा देशा भवान्तरगतानपि ।
प्राणिनः प्रीणयन्त्येते तदाहारत्वमागतान् ।।
देवो यदि पिता जातः शुभकर्मानुयोगतः ।
तस्यान्नममृतं भूत्वा देवत्वेऽप्युनुगच्छति ।।
मर्त्यत्वे ह्यन्नरूपेण पशुत्वे च तृणं भवेत् ।
श्राद्धान्नं वायुरूपेण नागत्वे ऽ प्युपतिष्ठति ।।
The food is not just physical form (अन्नमय). It is after ritual performed, layer of your मनोमय, प्राणमय, विज्ञानमय & आनंदमय शरीर. So based on the योनी where ancestor is right now, different form reaches to them by various cycles of transformation of पिंड offered.
यथा गोष्ठे प्रणष्टां वै वत्सो विन्देत मातरम् ।
तथा तं नयते मंत्रो जन्तुर्यत्रावतिष्ठते ।
नाम गोत्रं च मंत्रश्च दत्तमन्नं नयन्ति तम् ।
अपि योनिशतं प्राप्तांस्तृप्तिस्ताननुगच्छति ।।
The way calf finds out her mother out of 1000s of Gaiya(s), same way with proper नाम,गोत्र, श्रध्धा & मंत्र , whatever is offered, reaches to all different ancestors.
30 years back, this was norm across Bharat. You go to anyone’s home, attend any marriage, stay at dharma-shala, meal was always served in a row and food was consumed as Prasad, slowly, gradually and with silence.
Serving meal was considered sacred duty. No social status comes into the picture. Everyone serves each other one by one.
Sitting in a row for meal is called पंगत or पंक्ति. Everyone sits together and stand up together. This was unwritten custom. Even if you are done with your meal, you sit until everyone completes.
If we go 100 years back, there were much stricter rules. For example, you only eat with someone from your वर्ण / जाति / वर्ग / age.
And this was considered as discrimination. Right? What a biased and bigoted society India was. These all Hindus! 😀
Spoiling dharma, all under the shadow of utter ignorance.
These rules were never designed to discriminate but to support healthy life. All rituals were designed for मानव कल्याण.
Let me give you one example to build the base.
“The handshake represents a deeply established social custom. In recent years, however, there has been increasing recognition of the importance of hands as vectors for infection, leading to formal recommendations and policies regarding hand hygiene in hospitals and other health care facilities,”
University of California, Los Angeles is a well-known university and respected name in medical science research. Physicians here suggested to ban handshake in hospitals. They found that despite handwash, handshakes transmit diseases. This is coming from the culture where handshake is deeply ingrained culture. I appreciate scientific temper.
When we handshake, we exchange प्राण. And when the incompatible प्राण is exchanged, we fall sick. We become carrier of sickness (physical and mental).
Eating food is highly energy-exchange activity. Lot of different type प्राण is consumed and emitted. When you sit with someone having typical प्राणिक footprint similar to yours, chances of exchanging incompatible प्राण are minimal.
Our results confirm that an occupied space is microbially distinct from an unoccupied one, and demonstrate for the first time that individuals release their own personalized microbial cloud.
And since everyone sits together and stand up together, there is a rhythm created, a larger organism, virtual entity, sum total of all compatible प्राणमय शरीर (s). This helps to combat any unforeseen दूषण of food and all प्राणिक impurities associated with it. You see, there was hardly any event of food poisoning. 😉
[Hint: Read this paper. We all have unique microbial cloud. https://peerj.com/articles/1258/]
This is just a first step to understand eating ritual. Need to spend more time in contemplation for finer conclusion in future. 🙂 (y)
Unfortunately, all modern spiritual guru(s) too don’t follow this anymore. Only place I observed this is Kumbh, among SAdhus. 🙂
Do not forget, सनातन धर्म is for मानव कल्याण. Keep aside all your rational doubts and act. See the difference. Then we really don’t need all these futile rational analysis. 😉
Humans differ in their personal microbial cloud
Dispersal of microbes between humans and the built environment can occur through direct contact with surfaces or through airborne release; the latter mechanism remains poorly understood. Humans emit upwards of 106biological particles per hour, and have long been known to transmit pathogens to other individuals and to indoor surfaces. However it has not previously been demonstrated that humans emit a detectible microbial cloud into surrounding indoor air, nor whether such clouds are sufficiently differentiated to allow the identification of individual occupants. We used high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA genes to characterize the airborne bacterial contribution of a single person sitting in a sanitized custom experimental climate chamber. We compared that to air sampled in an adjacent, identical, unoccupied chamber, as well as to supply and exhaust air sources. Additionally, we assessed microbial communities in settled particles surrounding each occupant, to investigate the potential long-term fate of airborne microbial emissions. Most occupants could be clearly detected by their airborne bacterial emissions, as well as their contribution to settled particles, within 1.5–4 h. Bacterial clouds from the occupants were statistically distinct, allowing the identification of some individual occupants. Our results confirm that an occupied space is microbially distinct from an unoccupied one, and demonstrate for the first time that individuals release their own personalized microbial cloud.
Banning The Handshake From Health Care Settings: Doctors Say Social Custom Spreads Disease Regardless Of Handwashing
The Western social practice of handshaking has only grown more popular in recent decades with variations up high and down low now often accompanied by the ubiquitous “bro hug.” However, some doctors are pushing to “ban the handshake” in hospitals and doctor’s offices across the country to prevent the spread of communicable disease.
Physicians from the University of California, Los Angeles, argue in an editorial published Thursday in JAMA that handshaking thwarts the practice of handwashing to limit the spread of dangerous pathogens. Soon, health care workers and patients may see the following advisory: “Handshake-free zone: To protect your health and the health of those around you, please refrain from shaking hands while on the premises.”
Although research has long associated handwashing with decreases in bacterial colonization and hospital-acquired infections, only 40 percent of clinicians and other health care workers comply with such mandatory hygiene policies. Among patients and visitors, handwashing hygiene is even lower. And alcohol-based rubs, the most touted solution to hospital hygiene problems, remain ineffective against such dangerous pathogens as Clostridium difficile.
Part 1 Diet regime for children and pregnancy
Some facts from cultural practices related to pregnancy and childhood care.
1) There is an Ayurvedic sutra which prescribes 4 types of rice preparation for pregnant women. Out of which, curd-rice is considered the best. It is said that, if Garbhini eats curd-rice daily, the child will develop unimagined Medha buddhi (intellect) which is enough to understand and realize all 4 Veda(s) (Mind you: To realize even 1 hymn of Veda is super hard work for ordinary minds like us).
2) In last three months of pregnancy, Ayurveda prescribes increased amount of ghee. This is the same time when neural development, neuron network development happens in brain at highly rapid speed.
3) For child below age7, ghee and honey are most important food items. Needless to maintain chaas (butter milk) and Curd (dahi). This is the also highly active brain development period.
Dahi, butter milk, Ghee, Honey – They all are carrier of healthy bacteria. They all are in fact full of healthy bacteria. They are full of prana Shakti which can help healthy bacteria to establish in Gut.
Now, let us understand latest research findings.
Part 2 Blood–brain barrier & GUT
The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective permeability barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain extracellular fluid (BECF) in the central nervous system (CNS).
The findings suggest that a woman’s diet or exposure to antibiotics during pregnancy may influence the development of this barrier.
The blood–brain barrier may prevent the entry of lipophilic, potential neurotoxins by way of an active transport mechanism mediated by P-glycoprotein and allows only water, some gases, and lipid soluble molecules by passive diffusion, as well as the selective transport of molecules such as glucose and amino acids that are crucial to neural function.
Germ-free mice even have leaky blood-brain barriers as adults. But those leaks closed after the researchers gave the animals the microbes from normal mice for 2 weeks, Pettersson says.
In short, it is most critical filter designed by Mother Nature. Better the barrier, less chances of impaired brain development.
Leaky BBB allows toxins, pathogens and other non-useful molecules to pass the barrier and cause damage to brain. Damage to brain means inability to serve the mind. This may lead to following diseases.
• Brain abscess
• Multiple sclerosis
• Neuromyelitis optica
• Late-stage neurological trypanosomiasis (Sleeping sickness)
• Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
• De Vivo disease
• Alzheimer’s disease
• Cerebral edema
As per latest research , healthy gut bacteria repairs leaks in BBB and protects brain from all outside toxins.
Now re-read part 1 and draw your conclusion.
Ghee, Dahi, Milk, Chass, Honey in diet of pregnant mother, lactating mother and child -> Healthy GUT -> Better BBB -> Healthy brain development for a child.
Conclusion: Without Gau mata, it is impossible to imagine citizens of future with adequate abilities to live self-reliant life.
Concluding thoughts and hints for future research:
• For the future of our children, find Gau shala nearby and start worshipping gau mata (Take care of her. Do her seva)
• Use only her Prasad (Milk, ghee, Dahi, gobar, mutra) in diet. This exclude dairy products. Dairy is a greatest sin of our society.
• Provide pure Ghee, Dahi, Milk, Chass, Honey to all pregnant mothers in our society. There is no great charity than this in my humble opinion.
• Just for your reference, I have witnessed my friend curing several brain disorders (Headache, migraine, Epilepsy) cases by Gau ghee based medicines. Doctors should use this treatment to cure Epilepsy & Meningitis which are now common among children age below 5.
• Avoid Antibiotics. If not avoidable in extreme situation, take jaggery water / dahi / ghee in diet during antibiotic course.
The microbes that live in your body outnumber your cells 10 to one. Recent studies suggest these tiny organisms help us digest food and maintain our immune system. Now, researchers have discovered yet another way microbes keep us healthy: They are needed for closing the blood-brain barrier, a molecular fence that shuts out pathogens and molecules that could harm the brain.
The studies showed that the blood-brain barrier typically forms a tight seal a little more than 17 days into development. Antibodies infiltrated the brains of all the embryos younger than 17 days, but they continued to enter the brains of embryos of germ-free mothers well beyond day 17, the team reports online today in Science Translational Medicine. Embryos from germ-free mothers also had fewer intact gap junction proteins, and gap junction protein genes in their brains were less active, which may explain the persistent leakiness. (The researchers didn’t look at the mice’s guts.)
Germ-free mice even have leaky blood-brain barriers as adults. But those leaks closed after the researchers gave the animals the microbes from normal mice for 2 weeks, Pettersson says.
But how? In the gut, bacteria may influence the gut wall’s integrity through one of their byproducts, energy-laden molecules called short-chain fatty acids. So Pettersson and his colleagues infected germ-free mice with either bacteria that made these fatty acids or ones that did not. The blood-brain barrier improved only when the bacteria made these fatty acids, Pettersson says. He thinks that these molecules may get into the blood and stimulate gene activity that leads to the closure of the barrier.
The gut microbiota influences blood-brain barrier permeability in mice
Pivotal to brain development and function is an intact blood-brain barrier (BBB), which acts as a gatekeeper to control the passage and exchange of molecules and nutrients between the circulatory system and the brain parenchyma. The BBB also ensures homeostasis of the central nervous system (CNS). We report that germ-free mice, beginning with intrauterine life, displayed increased BBB permeability compared to pathogen-free mice with a normal gut flora. The increased BBB permeability was maintained in germ-free mice after birth and during adulthood and was associated with reduced expression of the tight junction proteins occludin and claudin-5, which are known to regulate barrier function in endothelial tissues. Exposure of germ-free adult mice to a pathogen-free gut microbiota decreased BBB permeability and up-regulated the expression of tight junction proteins. Our results suggest that gut microbiota–BBB communication is initiated during gestation and propagated throughout life.
Do you use molecular structure report of your kid’s DNA to decide his/her upbringing?
Do you use his/her blood report to identify innate nature and then use it for personality development?
Do you hire geneticist to modify his/her DNA to get desired results?
No. And yet, efforts put in parenting do pay the yield, positively or negatively.
Then why do you need to change genes of the seeds? 🙂
For fetus growing in the womb, there are several influences that shape its future prakriti.
First, it is impact of शुक्र & शोणित (रज,वीर्य). Parental legacy. 7 layers of generational legacy. It is called शुक्रशोणित प्रकृति.
Second, it is timing of the conception and health of the womb that has impact on the growing fetus. For example, वर्षाषु मारुतो दुष्ट: | Conception during monsoon means influence of Vayu. It is called कालगर्भाशय प्रकृति|
Third, it is mother’s food intake. Mental state. Activities. क्षेत्र प्रकृति |
Fourth, it is महाभूतविकार प्रकृति | Past life karma and past life interaction with panch-mahabhut.
Now, all these forces together shaped you and me in womb. And they will go it forever. They will do it forever this way only! Sanatana! Nitya! Always this way!
Please note: Genes play mere 25% (or less) role ( शुक्रशोणित प्रकृति.). 75% is about environment.
It is epigenetics! Be the custodian of master senses and learn to decipher mother nature’s hints! She always wants you to receive in abundance! Lest we realize it! Be the bridge between soil and seeds. Be the instrumental! That’s it!
This is the reason why GMO is highly inefficient and random technology. 75% control is with mother nature.(In fact, it is 100% mother’s rule 🙂 ) Sometimes favorable results, sometimes not. Read the history. IR8 rice (Famous green revolution hero, is now zero) to btCotton : shining examples of failures.
Genetic variation accounts for 20–40% of immune variation, with enrichment of gene variants associated with autoimmunity, inflammatory disease, and susceptibility to infections among the identified genetic drivers.
Among the identified intrinsic drivers of immune variation, age is the most potent, driving a shift from a precursor-biased immune status to an inflammation-biased immune status.
A strong environmental effect on immune variation is observed, as revealed by cohabitation studies, with the strongest individual driver identified to date being chronic viral infection.
This article was originally read @ http://www.sanghparivar.org/blog/dr-k-prabhakar-rao/vidyaranya-swamy-and-his-contribution-towards-revival-of-hinduism-under-pers
It was originally published @ This article was published n faithcommons.org earlier and the site at present is not functional.
Author’s blog can be access here http://kuntamukkalaprabhakar.blogspot.in/
Article by Prof Dr Colonel (Retired) K Prabhakar Rao
Vidyaranya Swami (1296-1386) a distinguished scholar, spiritual guide of great eminence and a sage lived in 13-14 Th centuries in Karnataka state of India. He was born on 11 April, 1296 to Mayanacharyulu (A distinguished scholar of Vedas) and SriMati Devi. His original name was Madhavarya. Vidyaranya and his brothers initially received education from his father and subsequently left home to learn from another teacher. He was known as Vidyaranya after his renunciation in 1331. He is well known for his most scholarly works on Vedas and other scriptures that are treated as authority.
His role in arresting Islamisation of South India was very great.
13 Th century was full of events and Delhi sultans of Khilji and Tughlaq dynasties led many campaigns of war against South India and destroyed then existing and flourishing south Indian Hindu Kingdoms as a policy in fact. It was the period in which the ruling Muslim kings at Delhi and their governors followed a policy of conversion, repression, murder, mayhem, rape, destruction of Hindu temples, holy places, scriptures and persecution of Hindus in India.
Kakateeya Kindom that flourished in Andhra Pradesh at Warangal (Orugallu) for many centuries was finally destroyed by Mohammed Bin Tughlaq ( Juna Khan) ( 1325-1355) in 1323 after repeated raids and bitter fights in which Kakateeya valiant King Pratapa Rudra lost the war and was captured. It is also believed that caste feelings among the commanders of Kaakateeya Army resulted in the defeat of the kingdom. Pratapa rudra committed suicide by jumping into river Narmada ( some say Godavari) while being taken away to Delhi to ward off dishonor and with this, glory of this empire faded away. There is some dispute about his suicide and existing ballads indicate that he was rescued by his clever minister Yougandharayana and brought back to his state. However the kingdom could not be revived to past glory and soon the State disintegrated (1).
Similarly, the neighboring Kampili kingdom of Jambukeswara (Kampiliraya) in Anegondi was invaded on the pretext of harboring a rebel and destroyed by Tughlaq and the brave king died valiantly on the battle field fighting for his honor and the country. His two ministers Harihara and brother Bukka raya (Formerly in the service of Pratapa rudra) were held prisoners and were taken to Delhi and were forced to convert. They were sent back to their kingdom to rule Anegondi as governors and bring order there as it was in turmoil because revolts surfaced. Soon, the brothers converted to Hinduism and declared their freedom, once central rule became ineffective (2).
These two versatile brothers came in contact with Saint Vidyaranya and were greatly influenced by his radiant personality. Vidyaranya realized the need to protect Hinduism from the marauding Muslim rulers and their aggression in south India and he inspired the two brothers to build a city and to establish a Hindu kingdom at a particular place. Vidyaranya on earlier occasion watched some hares chasing away hunting dogs (wild dogs) on this site and he realized that the place had great potential to build an empire that would withstand Muslim invasions and persecutions in years to come. He realized that on this ground, the hunters would be hunted soon. It is believed that Swami Vidyaranya found a great dump of treasure while excavating and this wealth was used to build the city. Soon, the city of Vijayanagar surfaced at the place and this kingdom was established in 1336 and it flourished by leaps and bounds in a course of time. Kings from generation to generation withstood the onslaught of Muslim invasions and their persecution of Hindus for more than three hundred long years.
It’s might was destroyed by the combined armies of South Indian Muslim states Bijapur, Bidar, Giaconda and Ahmednagar (Birar did not take part in the war) at Tallikota battle fought on 25 December 1564. Araveeti (aliya) Rama Raya the defacto emperor of Vijaynagar led the battle agsint the Muslim army. Sadsivarayalu was the actual emperor. The battle was ferocious and the scales were tilting in favor of Hindu army when the Muslim commanders in the army of Vijaynagar committed treason and switched over to the combined Muslim armies of the Sultans along with their troops. Rama raya lost the day and was captured and killed immediately. There is a saying that any thing rising has to come down. The cities of Vijaynagar and Hampi were ransacked by the victorious Muslim armies. Earlier the royal families left the city for Penukonda with treasures leaving the people to their fate. Muslim troops stayed in the city for five months and destroyed and burnt everything by burning and breaking with hammers and crow bars with vengeance. The ferocity of destruction has no parallel and was unwarranted. No other proof in this world is required for the Hindu hatred among Muslims in the bye gone years. They killed innumerable people without discrimination. With this, the cities lost all its glory. The capital was changed to Penukonda (Anantapur District) and to Chandragiri (Chittoor District). The Vijayanagar Empire although survived for another 80 years lost its glory and faded into pages of history in 1646 plagued by feuds in dynastic succession by the short sighted rulers, treason by the vassals and rift between the minor principalities that ruined cohesion. Its last ruler was Sri Rangaraya III who in spite of valiant efforts failed to stem the rot. His vassals betrayed him. The Empire ceased to exist in 1646. Sri Ranga III probably died in 1680 devoid of empire. South India was thus saved from Islamisation by the kings of Vijayanagar. Hampi and Vijayanagar are now in ruins and are world heritage sites (3). The history of Vijaynagar gathered dust and people completely forgot about the empire till Robert Sewell, the former District collector of Bellary during the British rule gathered information on the empire and wrote the famous outstanding book, “The forgotten Empire”. He did a pioneering work and world is indeed is indebted to him. It is a shame and utter disgrace that Indians forgot about their own once glorious empire and had to be told by a European about their own history. It is believed that Swami Vidyaranya predicted at the time of building the city of Vijayanagar that the empire that is being established would last for three centuries. His prediction came true and the empire vanished after three centuries.
Swami Vidyaranya guided the destiny of the kingdom after its formation and he was the advisor to the kings Harihara Raya and Bukka Raya. He was a great historical personality who influenced course of South Indian history at a most crucial time.
Swami Vidyaranya guided the destiny of the kingdom after its formation and he was the advisor to the kings Harihara Raya and Bukka Raya. He was a great historical personality who influenced course of South Indian history at a most crucial time. There is only one parallel to Swami Vidyaranya in the history of India. It was saint (Sant) Ramdas who lived in Maharshtra State and was the spiritual guide to Chhatrapati ( King of Kings) Shivaji who was inspired by the saint and established an independent Hindu Maratha kingdom in Maharshtra under the very nose of evil emperor Aurangzeb in the 17 th century. He protected Hindu faith from the marauding Mughals and saved Hindus from persecution and forced conversions in those evil years. Maratha Empire grew to great heights in a course of few years and was in a position to even dictate terms to Mughals who by this time became weak in 18 th century. Marathas were a great bottle neck for the spread of influence of East India Company in India till they were defeated in third Panipat war (1761) by the forces of Afghan ruler Ahmed Shah Abdali Durrani. Shivaji Maharaj (Great king) is very greatly revered in India and is considered as the incarnation of Lord Shiva (14).Sant Ramdas and Swami Vidyaranya are comparable in Indian History towards their commitment for protection and revival of Hinduism and faith in the face of low Hindu morale and severe persecution by Muslims.
Swami Vidyaranya wrote many scholarly books that are considered authority in Hindu philosophical literature and these are (5) :
1. Jeevanmukti vivekamu (A treatise on salvation)
2.Anubhhoti prakashamu ( Explanation for many Upanishads)
3.Sangeeta saram ( A treatise on Indian classical music)
4.Sankara digvijayamu ( Life history of Sankaracharya)
5.Jaiminiyenyamala ( Elaboration on Dwadasa lakshani written by sage Jaimini )
6.Vivarana prameya sangraha. (Commentary on Vivarana written by sage
Prakashatma and on Pancha padeeka written by Sri Padmapadacharyudu who was
disciple of Adi Sankaracharya)
8.Panchadasi( A treatise on Adwaita Philosophy)
9.Brihadaranya virikasaramu ( A treatise and commentary on the commentary
written by Sri Sureswara ( Ist Disciple of Sankaracharya) on Briharanyakopanishad
which is an important source for Adwaita philosophy
10 . Prayaschitta Suddhanidhi ( A treatise on aspects of ill conduct by men that lead
to downfall and poverty and degradation)
11. Sayana Veda Bhashyamu (detailed explanations on Vedas aided by Sayanacharya, his brother and a distinguished scholar)
The magnum opus of Vidyaranya was the explanations for Vedas which no one has undertaken including Adi Sankaracharya and this is known as Sayana veda Bhashyam. Vidyaranya Swami identified causes for Hindu down fall as a result of interaction with Islam and these are explained in the great book Prayaschitta Suddhanidhi ( A treasure of atonement for the sins). He realized the importance and need for revitalizing the Hindus and build faith and inspire them about their own religion. He fore saw that unless they were fully aware of the greatness of their religion, they would be attracted towards Islam. Writing of Veda Bhashyam was an effort towards this. He identified 14 evil acts and sins of greatest magnitude that result in down fall, degradation, sickness, ailments and loss of wealth, defeat hands and finally death at the hands of enemies. These are (6) :
1.Physical union with menstruating women
2.Tasting the food eaten by menstruating women
3.Physical union with widows
4.Physical union with unmarried girls
5.Moving around with people who have left the right path and leading a wayward life
6.Moving with completely fallen men and sleeping with them
7.Eating in the same plate with people described above
8.Touching female genitals with tongue
9.Oral sex by men and women
10.Taking away the property of temples
11.Taking away the properties of Brahmins and learned men
12.Accepting rewards and gifts from people who live by the acts described above.
13. Accepting prohibited goods
14.Eating evil food and making mockery of those who lead pious lives
People who resort to above would loose their wealth and soon would be victims of ailments such as Heart problems, Diabetes, Stomach ailments, ulcers, Piles, Tuberculosis, Leprosy, and Oral cancer and many life threatening ailments. The book reveals how the Hindu commanders, leaders and kings were given to unnatural bad habits in company of Muslim prostitutes, women of easy virtue, notch girls and dancers in those days that resulted in the down fall of Hindus and how they lost their power, kingdoms and lives at the hands of enemies. Swami Vidyaranya in his book also gave the requirement of following certain rituals to overcome such evil effects.
Swami Vidyaranya who was committed to revival of Hindu spirit guided King Bukkaraya as his prime Minister in 1356 and guided the destiny of the kingdom in the formative years and in 1372 retired from political activities and concentrated in spiritual activities as Head of Sringeri religious Establishment. He passed away in 1386 after a glorious life and his role has been written in golden pages of Indian History. His memory has become immortal through his scholarly writings and contribution in building Hindu resistance against Muslim persecution in the most crucial years.
1. Prof Dr colonel ( retired) K Prabhakar Rao, Strategic Studies into Muslim fundamentalism, its rise in India and its growing threat to India security across the borders, Ph D Thesis ( Strategic studies), 2003, USA
2.Dr K Vidyavathi, Vijayanagara Sasanaalu ( Inscriptions), Ph D Thesis. Published by Navodaua Book House, opposite to Arya Samaj Kachiguda Cross Roads, Hyderabad, AP, India 1994, PP 28-31
3. R C Majumdar, HC Ray Chaudhry, Kalikinkar Dutta, An advanced History of India, Macmillan, London, St Martin’s Press, 1967, PP 359-367
4. Ibid, PP 505-515, 671-674
5. Dr Veda Vyasa, Vidyaranya Swami Charitra ( The history of Vidyaranya), Vedavyasa Bharati Publications, Yogamitra Mandali, Sri Konala Nukaraju, secretary, USCEFI( Publication division) 18-92/5 D AV Apppa Rao Road, Rajahmundry, East Godavari District) Andhra Pradesh, India, 1990, PP 91-101
GENERAL RELATED REFERENCES AND ARTICLES
1. Prof Dr Colonel (Retired) K Prabhakar Rao, Strategic studies into Muslim fundamentalism and its rise in India and it’s growing threat to India’s security across the borders. Ph D Thesis in Strategic studies, 2003,
2. Prof Dr Colonel (Retired) K Prabhkar Rao,The commandments for a Hindu for whom Hinduism is a way of life,www.faithcommons.org, September 26, 2007, 09:32
3. Robert Sewell (Collector of Bellary district during British rule in India), A forgotten empire
4. Domingos Paes, Fernao Nuniz, (Compiled by Vasundhara Filliozat), The Vijaynagar Empire, Director of National Book trust, India , New Delhi, 1977
( Paes and Nuniz were Portuguese, European travelers who visited Vijay nagar empire in 16 th century at the time of its zenith and recorded their findings and forms the eye account)
5. Dr CV Ramachandra Rao, South Indian History ( In Telugu), 1336-1765, Telugu Academy, Hyderabad, 1991, PP 8-61
6. Vijaynagar Empire, Wikepedia
7. Dr C V Ramachandra Rao, Raya Vachakam, Compilation, Andhra Sahitya Academy, 1982
Note. This article is written to provide information on Vidyaranya Swamy who was a distinguished personality in Indian history in 14 th century who struggled to uphold and save Hindu faith under severe persecution by Muslims. He was referred in the article ‘The commandments for a Hindu for whom Hinduism is a way of life’, September 26, 2007, 09:32 on faithcommons.org
PS. This article was published n faithcommons.org earlier and the site at present is not functional.