Teens who reported a traumatic brain injury in the past year were seven times more likely to have consumed at least five energy drinks in the past week than those without a history of TBI, according to a study published today in PLOS ONE.
Researchers also found that teens who reported sustaining a TBI within the past year were at least twice as likely to have consumed energy drinks mixed with alcohol than teens who reported sustaining a TBI more than a year previously.
“We’ve found a link between increased brain injuries and the consumption of energy drinks or energy drinks mixed with alcohol,” said Dr. Michael Cusimano, a neurosurgeon at St. Michael’s Hospital. “This is significant because energy drinks have previously been associated with general injuries, but not specifically with TBI.”
Dr. Cusimano said energy drink consumption could interfere with recovery efforts for teens who have sustained a TBI.
“Energy drinks, such a Red Bull and Rockstar, contain high levels of caffeine and change the chemical state of the body, which can prevent people from getting back on track after a TBI,” said Dr. Cusimano. “Brain injuries among adolescents are particularly concerning because their brains are still developing.”
At a time when energy drink consumption is rising among teens in Canada and the UnitedStates, the study also suggests that the caffeinated drinks are particularly linked with those who play sports.
“I think that energy drinks appeal to teens, especially athletes, because the drinks provide temporary benefits such as increased alertness, improved mood and enhanced mental and physical states,” said Dr. Cusimano. “Advertisements for the drinks also often feature prominent athletes.”
TBI remains a disabling and common condition among adolescents and the consumption of alcohol, energy drinks, and alcohol mixed with energy drinks further increase the odds of TBI among adolescents. These associations warrant further investigation.
Exposure to sexual content in music, movies, television, and magazines accelerates adolescents’ sexual activity and increases their risk of engaging in early sexual intercourse. Result: Confused teens with matured bodies but toddler’s mind. They become irresponsible citizens in future due to hampered development.
Exposure to virtual world tools (Facebook,Twitter,Whatsapp) decelerates adult mind that behave like a child. The word for such adults is neoteny, the state resulting when juvenile characteristics are retained by the adults of a species. (Isn’t narcissism a predominant juvenile behavior? Click photos. Share. Expect likes. Expect comments. Think about it.)
Both are social diseases. Society/Individual suffering from these diseases, cannot perform their duties towards self, family, society, Nation and mankind.
Unless we fix these two diseases, there is hardly any hope for real change in society. And to begin with, we must correct our habits. Divert your free time from passive entertainment to more engaging and active activities. Take breaks from virtual world. Go spend days and days with Nature. Spend time with mass. Understand them. Participate in constructive activities.
OBJECTIVE. Adolescents may not receive the sleep they need. New media technology and new, popular energy drinks may be implicated in sleep deficits. In this pilot study we quantified nighttime technology use and caffeine consumption to determine effects on sleep duration and daytime behaviors in adolescents. We hypothesized that with increased technology use, adolescents increase caffeine consumption, resulting in insufficient sleep duration.
PATIENTS AND METHODS. Subjects were recruited from a pediatric office in a proximal suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Inclusion criteria for this study were middle and high school subjects aged 12 to 18 years old. The questionnaire, Adolescent Sleep, Caffeine Intake, and Technology Use, was developed by the investigators to measure adolescents’ intake of caffeinated drinks, use of nighttime media-related technology, and sleep behaviors. Descriptive statistics characterized the subjects, their caffeine and technology use, and sleep variables. Regression models assessed the relationships between caffeine, technology use, and sleep variables, having adjusted for age, race, gender, and BMI.
RESULTS. Sleep was significantly related to the multitasking index. Teenagers getting 8 to 10 hours of sleep on school nights tended to have 1.5- to 2-fold lower multitasking indices compared with those getting less sleep. Thirty-three percent of the teenagers reported falling asleep during school. Caffeine consumption tended to be 76% higher by those who fell asleep. The log-transformed multitasking index was significantly related to falling asleep during school and with difficulties falling asleep on weeknights.
CONCLUSIONS. Many adolescents used multiple forms of technology late into the night and concurrently consumed caffeinated beverages. Subsequently, their ability to stay alert and fully functional throughout the day was impaired by excessive daytime sleepiness. Future studies should measure more than television hours when evaluating the impact of nighttime activities on sleep patterns in adolescents.
Gastrointestinal Disorders Are Associated Significantly With Sleepless Nights
“We think the findings will generate further research to understand the interactions between emotional or psychological distress and sleep disturbances and GI disturbances,” says Santhi Swaroop Vege, M.D., a Mayo Clinic physician and lead author of the study.
Sleep disturbances and inflammatory bowel disease: a potential trigger for disease flare?
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a waxing and waning disease characterized by diarrhea, abdominal pain and weight loss. Recently, there has been an increased interest in the roles that sleep, circadian rhythms and melatonin could have as regulators of inflammation in the Gl tract. Advances in our understanding of the molecular machinery of the circadian clock, and the discovery of clock genes in the GI tract are opening up new avenues of research for a role of sleep in IBD. Altering circadian rhythm significantly worsens the development of colitis in animal models, and preliminary human studies have shown that patients with IBD are at increased risk for altered sleep patterns. Further research is needed to clarify the role of disturbances in IBD.
Sleep, immunity and inflammation in gastrointestinal disorders
Sleep disorders have become a global issue, and discovering their causes and consequences are the focus of many research endeavors. An estimated 70 million Americans suffer from some form of sleep disorder. Certain sleep disorders have been shown to cause neurocognitive impairment such as decreased cognitive ability, slower response times and performance detriments. Recent research suggests that individuals with sleep abnormalities are also at greater risk of serious adverse health, economic consequences, and most importantly increased all-cause mortality. Several research studies support the associations among sleep, immune function and inflammation. Here, we review the current research linking sleep, immune function, and gastrointestinal diseases and discuss the interdependent relationship between sleep and these gastrointestinal disorders. Different physiologic processes including immune system and inflammatory cytokines help regulate the sleep. The inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1 (IL-1), and IL-6 have been shown to be a significant contributor of sleep disturbances. On the other hand, sleep disturbances such as sleep deprivation have been shown to up regulate these inflammatory cytokines. Alterations in these cytokine levels have been demonstrated in certain gastrointestinal diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, gastro-esophageal reflux, liver disorders and colorectal cancer. In turn, abnormal sleep brought on by these diseases is shown to contribute to the severity of these same gastrointestinal diseases. Knowledge of these relationships will allow gastroenterologists a great opportunity to enhance the care of their patients.
पूर्वे वयसि यः शान्तः स शान्त इति मे मतिः ।
धातुषु क्षीयमाणेषु शमः कस्य न जायते ॥
– पञ्चतंत्र, मित्रभेद
“Only a person who is peaceful at young age can really be called as a ‘peace and calm’. What is the big deal in being calm and peaceful when your body has weakened?”
– Panchatantra, Mitrabheda
Whether your child goes to International School or Govt. School in slum of metro, State board, Central board, whatever; do introduce them gradually to Gita, Mahabharata, Ramayana, Purana. Don’t worry about bread-earning skills, they are easy to pick up!
Spiritually empty-bellied child is just little better than unfortunate Autistic child or malnourished child. Their miseries in later life would be unbearable for them as well as Society.
Train your child to seat with scriptures. Do not hamper their spiritual growth for the sake of your modern and atheist delusion.
To begin with, for 3-4 years old (Pre-KG), it is good idea to introduce Devas and Asuras concept to them by visual introduction to Hindu Deities, Asuras, Festivals through videos, art and crafts. Facilitate them to recognize basic patterns and conventions about deities. To not to disturb their short attention span, use more colors and visuals. Using visuals only. No chanting, no memorization.
To convert young chaotic mind into order is real achievement and not otherwise.
Don’t spare Gita for old age. It is very much a requirement of youth!
Early in fetal life, nutrient deficiencies may result in severe impairments. For example, folate. Or as popularly known as : B Vitamin.
There are numerous benefits but the most critical is during embryonic brain development during pregnancy. Lack of folate during pregnancy means neural tube defects such as spina bifida (a birth defect where there is incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord. ). This is extreme birth defect but it can lead to many invisible defects like Leg weakness, Orthopedic abnormalities, Bladder and bowel control problems, Abnormal eye movement and different types of allergies.
ACCORDING TO A LOT OF DOCTORS:
Got acne? Take the pill.
Got PMS? Take the pill.
Got irregular cycles? Take the pill.
Don’t want to get pregnant? Take the pill.
All thanks parents’ pre-planning sexual indulgence and avoidance of progeny by modern pills. Folate is a vitamin that may become depleted with the use of birth control pills. Aside from the long list of potential side effects birth control pills can deplete important nutrients. These nutrients include: Vitamin B2, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Folic Acid, Vitamin C, Magnesium and Zinc.
Once the pills become regular bedroom utility, body start denying absorption of nutrients. No matter how sophisticated supplements you take.
Such information is never passed-on to teens and young married couples. And so sex becomes pleasure machine for them. Instant, handy and under control. What a toxic delusion! 🙁🙁 And and top of that Idiot Chetan Bhagat tribe cry for porn freedom rights!! Ghor Kaliyug !! 🙁🙁
Spread the awareness. Save the future of Bharat.
Sanatana dharma talks about Dharma-bound Kama. Pills supported or Condom supported Kama is Vikruti with unforeseen future consequences. Take care.
Oral contraceptives: effect of folate and vitamin B12 metabolism.
Women who use oral contraceptives have impaired folate metabolism as shown by slightly but significantly lower levels of folate in the serum and the erythrocytes and an increased urinary excretion of formiminoglutamic acid.
Conclusions In these population based, case-control studies using two large primary care databases, risks of venous thromboembolism associated with combined oral contraceptives were, with the exception of norgestimate, higher for newer drug preparations than for second generation drugs.
Certain hormonal contraceptive may pose risk of Type 2 diabetes for obese women
A first-of-its-kind study by researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) indicates that healthy, obese, reproductive-age women who use long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) containing the hormone progestin have a slightly increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes when compared to those who use non-hormonal contraception.
While changes in FG and insulin sensitivity were seen in the present study among obese progestin-only contraceptive users, either progestin-only LARC method may be safely used clinically.
Long-term Use of Hormonal Contraceptives Is Associated with an Increased Risk of Brain Tumours
Taking a hormonal contraceptive for at least five years is associated with a possible increase in a young woman’s risk of developing a rare tumour, glioma of the brain. This project focused on women aged 15-49 years and the findings are published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.
Hormonal contraceptives, including oral contraceptives, contain female sex hormones and are widely used by women all over the world. While only a little is known about the causes of glioma and other brain tumours, there is some evidence that female sex hormones may increase the risk of some cancer types, although there is also evidence that contraceptive use may reduce the risk in certain age groups. “This prompted us to evaluate whether using hormonal contraceptives might influence the risk of gliomas in women of the age range who use them,” says research team leader Dr David Gaist of the Odense University Hospital and University of Southern Denmark.
Recently, I was having conversation with young educated friend. He was not able to follow instructions I gave. Even after repeating the same twice, efforts were futile.
Adolescence has always been characterized by emotional intensity, impulsivity and risk-taking, the bid for autonomy, the quest for identity, and the desire for intimacy, sexual and otherwise.
When this impulsivity is channelized, society is gifted by wonderful talents like Olympic representatives, Footballers, scientists etc.
Unfortunately, modern teens do not get much help for this. Instead, majority of them are driven to distractions by their addiction to screen culture (TV,Mobile,Internet).
Tech offers a round-the-clock stage for teen drama. Like an app for emotionality, tech connects and quickens, heightens and amplifies all things. Even silence. Texting, video chat, sexting, and social media have created a streaming soap opera for teens, a scintillating reality-show subculture in which everyone gets to play both celebrity and paparazzi.
What is lost here? Focus. Concentration. Skill building. Talent nurturing. Passion for work.
Result? Mediocre next generation.
Do you want proof? Go and check any job mela where freshers are applying. (As per latest survey, out of 4 lakh or so engineers passing from Indian colleges every year, only 4% are worth with industry-readiness.)
Seeds of this tech obsession are sown in childhood when parents escape from their quality time kids and replaces real humans with gadgets.
Teens have officially joined the mobile Data Tsunami, more than tripling mobile data consumption in the past year while maintaining their stronghold as the leading message senders. Using recent data from monthly cell phone bills of 65,000+ mobile subscribers who volunteered to participate in the research, Nielsen analyzed mobile usage trends among teens in the United States. In the third quarter of 2011, teens age 13-17 used an average of 320 MB of data per month on their phones, increasing 256 percent over last year and growing at a rate faster than any other age group. Much of this activity is driven by teen males, who took in 382 MB per month while females used 266 MB.
We as a society, forgot this valuable prescription encapsulated in वर्णाश्रम व्यवस्था. Till 25, it is ब्रह्मचर्य. Gender-neutral rule. Restrain.
Now since, we really don’t care about the prescription, not only innocent attraction triggered by bodily changes, teens of our age are over-indulged in sex. Stress for growing organs.
Results? High chances of Cervical cancer. If not cancer, frequent infections. Indigestion. Rapid aging.
Not only that, HPV vaccine stress. Vicious cycle.
This BBC article starts well by stating :
“”Although women can be infected by HPV at any age, infections at a very young age may be especially dangerous as they have more time to cause damage that eventually leads to cancer.”
But it ends with nasty HPV vaccine recommedation:
“Importantly, the results back up the need for the HPV vaccination to be given in schools at an age before they start having sex, especially among girls in deprived areas.”
Vaccine is not a solution for preventing Cervical cancer. Self-restrain is.
If you have teens at home, take care. Divert their creative energy towards constructive attractions. Sports – best. Classical Music and Dance – another best. Explain them dangers of early age sex. Save their future.