Microbes

Microbes

Story of Cordyceps fungi and our food, microbes and GUT

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I often talk about importance of microbes in our physical well-being or in sickness. What I am going to share is very about impact on our mind.

Cordyceps is a fungus. Organism with large work to do for nature than microbes. Photos shared with this posts shows ants infected by this fungi. Once infected by Cordyceps, an ant becomes a zombie. It ignores its usual duties with its colony on the forest floor, and succumbs to the urge to climb a tree. Yes, that is how this fungi can control the ant’s mind. Some 100 cm or more above the forest floor, this ant is forced by fungi to bites down leaf vein and killing self. This is known as the ‘death grip’, as shortly afterwards, the fungus takes the ant’s life. Fungus grows and infect more ants on the forest floor.

The Cordyceps has changed the ant’s behavior, controlling it in an incredibly specific way, to help it give rise to the next generation of fungi.

Example I gave is about fungus but it is not just fungus but microbes, viruses and all living and dead organisms control our behavior. This is because all of them are manifestation of प्राण. Specific combination of प्राण which is programmed to alter your behavior.

Microbes in out Gut also do the same thing. First they take the place. And then control our behavior. You may eat some fast food for taste once but when they microbes loving fast food grows in the GUT, they will force you to eat more and more fast food. That is how food addictions are working in humans. Microbes controlling your habits.

If we understand this, many mental disorders treatment will become easy. Alter the Prana of the environment and see the magic. Same goes with Autistic children.

Only way to control Prana is Mind. मनोमय कोष had higher control over disturb or polluted प्राणमय कोष. But our mind is engaged in worldly pleasures and addictions. TV, News, Gossips, stress of daily life makes mind dull. Pollution by burning fossil fuels, cutting forest, cement cities reduces our pranic intelligence. In short, we all slowly become zombies like the ant becomes after fungus infection. Easy to control like slaves.

Ant has no choice but to succumb to fungus control due to limited mind but we have unlimited mind. Use it.

What you eat is important. Where you eat is equally important. How you eat is too. Eat = Physical food, mental food. Where you live is important. How clean you keep your home is also important. Ultimately how good you are at controlling प्राणिक & मानसिक exchange with environment will decide well-being of your life.

Microbes, Vastu and Pro-कल्याण Architecture

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Vastu

Back to back good news from science field. (First it was micro wind turbine governed by microbes)

I wrote last year here how and why वास्तु विद्या in its truest form is need of the hour. I also wrote how home microbes influence our day to day life. And why home-made dahi and chaas are better than factory made.

Here, one more research, urging architects to take care of home microbes while designing homes.

Recall, my yesterday’s post ({आवह, प्रवह,संवह ,उद्वह,विवह,परिवह,परावह} * {ब्रह्मलोक , इन्द्रलोक ,अंतरिक्ष , भूलोक की पूर्व दिशा , भूलोक की पश्चिम दिशा , भूलोक की उत्तर दिशा और भूलोक की दक्षिण दिशा} = 49 मरुतs , life forces, air movements, governing life. Bow to मरुतs , bow to their democratic existence in groups!)

So in this context, if Vastu suggest no entry from south-west, it is No! If East is favorable, it is! If Kitchen is needed in Agni , it is needed! We live so shallow life that we hardly realize the subtle impact.

Now, when western architects will explain, we will welcome it 😉

Check old posts on same subjects in comments.


Research


Buildings, Beneficial Microbes, and Health

http://www.cell.com/trends/microbiology/abstract/S0966-842X(16)30021-X?_returnURL=http%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0966842X1630021X%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

Read on:

Architectural design is often concerned with energy efficiency or aesthetics, not microbial exposure. But, in a Science & Society article published July 7 in Trends in Microbiology, Yale environmental engineers make a case for assessing the benefits of having these unseen organisms in our homes. Maybe, they say, instead of pushing all of them out, we should let the right ones in.

“It’s a common misconception that all microbes found in one’s home are hazardous to your health,” says Yale Professor of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Jordan Peccia (@jordan_peccia), co-author of the review with PhD student Sarah Kwan. “Many have no impact on health, while some may even be beneficial.”

Past studies have shown that children growing up on a farm (or even in a home close to a rural area), are exposed to such beneficial microbes, and are less likely to develop allergies as a result. In one example, children from a Bavarian family (a population known for their agrarian lifestyle, such as working the fields, using horses for transport, and drinking unpasteurized milk) had less than half the levels of asthma compared to a suburban European family (5.2% versus 19.1%). This effect was found to persist into adulthood. This is likely because some microbes in the body send signals to white blood cells known as T cells to form T regulatory cells, which prevent unnecessary immune responses.

“One big question becomes how building design (e.g., the geographical layout, the building materials, occupancy, and ventilation) modulates microbial exposure, and our own microbiomes,” says Peccia. “As more and more beneficial microbes are identified, we–architects, engineers, and the general public–need to think about how we can facilitate our exposure to them.”

“There are certainly trade-offs we need to better understand and circumvent,” he adds. “Indoor air quality is often worse than outdoor air quality, so building ventilation with outdoor air makes a lot of sense. However, in cities with very poor outdoor air quality, increased ventilation results may result in unhealthy exposures to outdoor air contaminants.”

Short of working on a farm, one way we can “train” our immune system is through exposure to animals, especially cats and dogs. Aside from carrying their own families of microbes, they also can track in common bacteria and fungi from the outdoors, further contributing to the aforementioned “beneficial diversity” of indoor microbes. These can then be easily inhaled or swallowed when trapped in a tightly enclosed space, such as a home or office building, where we inhale gallons of air each day and sometimes ingest floor dust.

Although this field is still in its infancy, Peccia does have some advice for building occupants, namely, that there is not a “one size fits all” approach to improving the microbiome in one’s home. “Not everyone should run out and get a dog, of course,” he says, “but we can work to develop new, quantitative approaches for solving these problems–something better than our portable air filters and inhalers.”

Image credit: CREDIT
Peccia and Kwan/Trends in Microbiology 2016

Social Insects share brain power

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wasp

My colleagues were stunned when I shared this video with them. Living with like-minded tribe is bonus booster we all now lack due to fragmented society and false brainwashed hate against वर्ण/जाती/community.

Those who live in like minded social group, have advantage of distributed cognition. We Indians call it वर्ण & जाती. Unfortunately, such natural advantage of superior group decisions are sacrificed by caste-ism and various other -isms.

Learn from nature:

“Unlike most vertebrate societies, insect colonies are usually family groups—offspring that stay and help their parents. Although there can be family strife, the colony often succeeds or fails as a unit,”

We could survive all incursions for very same reason of living in social groups. Now since modern Indians hate their Jait under toxic influence of missionary education grooming, we actually inviting collapse

http://drexel.edu/now/archive/2015/June/Social-Insect-Distributed-Cognition/

Do Insect Societies Share Brain Power?

The society you live in can shape the complexity of your brain—and it does so differently for social insects than for humans and other vertebrate animals.

A new comparative study of social and solitary wasp species suggests that as social behavior evolved, the brain regions for central cognitive processing in social insect species shrank. This is the opposite of the pattern of brain increases with sociality that has been documented for several kinds of vertebrate animals including mammals, birds and fish.

“By relying on group mates, insect colony members may afford to make less individual brain investment. We call this the distributed cognition hypothesis,” said Sean O’Donnell, PhD, a professor in the Drexel University College of Arts and Sciences who led the study published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Microbes are Border Security Forces

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Rhizosphere-Bacteria

 

Colon linings where microbes act as army
Colon linings where microbes act as army

 

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Microbes are border security Forces
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From the rhizosphere to the mucosal lining of the colon, or skin or nasal pathway, microbes thrive at interfaces. They protect the critical supply lines. They restrict non-self elements at gate. Be it plant root or our colon. They are in fact patrolling battalion. Border security force. When border security is compromised, we see N-number of internal security issues, not limited to cancer.
 
Think in reverse : Just like how we offer probiotic food to body so that microbes can thrive, we must take care of our soldiers at any cost. Without them, there is no existence of Bharat. Compromised BSF = Leakey GUT.
 
Contemplate on this while you enjoy Monsoon rain with Bhajiya! 🙂

Bacteria can save your from Zika or any Viral infection

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wolbachia

Try to understand. It is प्राण footprint interaction. If your environment is loaded with all sort of incompatible प्राण , प्राण released by deforestation / destruction of nature, epidemics are inevitable.

Check the history. It was during world wars and post war decade when the western population was sick at mass level. Check the history of metro cities. When they were under construction, people were sick most around.

And those survive whose innate prana (as in this research some benign bacteria protects against zika) is strong.


Research


Benign bacteria block mosquitoes from transmitting Zika, chikungunya viruses

Benign bacteria block mosquitoes from transmitting Zika, chikungunya viruses

Wolbachia can be found in up to 60 percent of insects around the world, including butterflies and bees. While not typically found in the Aedes aegypti mosquito — the species that also transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever viruses — O’Neill discovered in the early 1990s that Wolbachia could be introduced to the mosquito in the lab and would prevent the mosquitoes from transmitting dengue virus.

Zika virus belongs to the same family as dengue virus and Aliota and Osorio — with co-authors Stephen Penaido at SVM and Ivan Dario Velez, at the Universidad de Antioquia in Medellin, Colombia — asked whether Wolbachia-harboring Aedes aegypti may also be effective against Zika virus. They were also interested in studying the mechanisms behind Zika virus infection and transmission in mosquitoes.

In the study, the team infected mice with Zika virus originally isolated from a human patient and allowed mosquitoes from Medellin to feed on the mice either two or three days after they were infected. The mosquitoes were either harboring the same strain of the Wolbachia bacteria (called wMel) used in field studies or were Wolbachia-free and the mice had levels of virus in their blood similar to humans infected with Zika virus.

Tridosha vs Enterotypes of the human gut microbiome

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Gut Microbes

An enterotype is a classification of living organisms based on its bacteriological ecosystem in the gut microbiome. So far, scientists identified three robust clusters (enterotypes hereafter) that are not nation or continent-specific (In 2011). They confirmed the enterotypes also in two published, larger cohorts suggesting that intestinal microbiota variation is generally stratified, not continuous. Bacteroides (enterotype 1), Prevotella (enterotype 2) and Ruminococcus (enterotype 3).[1]

In Ayurveda, our Prakriti is important for treatment. Each individual has different Prakriti. Kapha Prakriti, Pitta Prakriti, Vata Prakriti and mix.

3 clusters of microbiome. 3 Types of human nature (Physical Prakriti/Constitution/Mental Constitution)

No wonder, soon we will see missing link.

Points to note here:

1) Gut bacteria are related to your nature/Prakriti/Constitution
2) Gut bacteria changes with age and so your prakriti also change(Children – Kapha, Adult – Pitta, Old age – Vata)

Interesting time ahead


Research


 

[1] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3728647/

Enterotypes of the human gut microbiome

Abstract

Our knowledge on species and function composition of the human gut microbiome is rapidly increasing, but it is still based on very few cohorts and little is known about their variation across the world. Combining 22 newly sequenced fecal metagenomes of individuals from 4 countries with previously published datasets, we identified three robust clusters (enterotypes hereafter) that are not nation or continent-specific. We confirmed the enterotypes also in two published, larger cohorts suggesting that intestinal microbiota variation is generally stratified, not continuous. This further indicates the existence of a limited number of well-balanced host-microbial symbiotic states that might respond differently to diet and drug intake. The enterotypes are mostly driven by species composition, but abundant molecular functions are not necessarily provided by abundant species, highlighting the importance of a functional analysis for a community understanding. While individual host properties such as body mass index, age, or gender cannot explain the observed enterotypes, data-driven marker genes or functional modules can be identified for each of these host properties. For example, twelve genes significantly correlate with age and three functional modules with the body mass index, hinting at a diagnostic potential of microbial markers

Sterile Homes (प्राणविहीन) invite Asthma Risk

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Asthma

Childhood Asthma cases are increasing day by day. It is important to understand why there is sudden rise?

Short summary: Our ill-treatment to bacteria. Antibiotics, Floor cleaners, lack of ventilation at home (AC bedrooms), handwash/hand sanitizers etc. Toxins everywhere so that bacteria can hardly sustain. And lack of exposure to Sun so new healthy bacteria can hardly flourish.

Long analysis:

So far I talked about role of bacteria (or rather lack of it) residing in our body. Here is the interesting take on how your home environment decides whether infant will develop Asthma or not.

Basically, post industrialization (and possibly post world-war-II), one psychological disorder is prevalent everywhere i.e. germ-phobia. Germs are enemy, kill them! 🙂

We must radically alter our attitude. Germs are no enemy. Our life style actions are.

As per this study:

Infants exposed to a diverse range of bacterial species in house dust during the first year of life appear to be less likely to develop asthma in early childhood.

Children who were neither allergic nor prone to wheezing as three-year-olds were the most likely to have been exposed to high levels of bacteria, and paradoxically, to high levels of common allergens.

Kalahit

In fact, some of the protective bacteria are abundant in cockroaches and mice (And we kill them 🙂. What is that Ad? Kala hit! 😀 )


If your kid is suffering from Asthma, do not worry. Put controlled efforts in training their immune system. Exposure to health soil (garden at home without chemicals), Gau shala where healthy bacteria from Gobar and mutra can heal the immune responses at any age, organic farm, jungle, river is good.

Let your kid play in early morning sun and evening sunset sun. Exposure to Sun is essential. He is the source of all, including bacteria we lack.

Have enough fresh air circulation in bedroom (33% of time kids spend here while sleeping!). If you are switching AC, do not keep it on continuously. Open windows in between. Let there be Sun exposure to bedroom at least 2-3 hours during day.

In food, include wholesome प्राणयुक्त food. Fresh fruits (no fruit juice!), fresh salad, freshly cooked food (do not give food cooked 4- hrs back). Avoid processed food (biscuits, chocolates, wafers, noodles etc). Processed food consumes more Prana and so immune responses are compromised.

If you infant is still under breastfeeding, do it regularly, without fail! Mother’s milk is best source of प्राण needed for upper respiratory organs. More प्राण, more body supporting bacteria.


Research


Lower Asthma Risk Is Associated with Microbes in Infants’ Homes

These results indicate that immune responses might be shaped by exposures during the first year of life differently than they are by later exposures. “These findings suggest that concomitant exposure to high levels of certain allergens and bacteria in early life may be beneficial,” the researchers wrote in the journal paper.

https://www.ucsf.edu/news/2014/06/115111/lower-asthma-risk-associated-microbes-infants%E2%80%99-homes

प्राण, microbes and obesity

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bac

This land is land of मरुत/मारुति/हनुमान/गणेश worshiper. If not 100%, 80% of Indians worship one of them (Hanuman and/or Ganesh).

We do this because, we know the value of मूलाधार (GUT in modern medical science terms). We also know impact of focused mind on the well-being of Body.

Microbes are nothing but loosely-coupled manifestation of प्राण (here प्राण@मूलाधार ) in contrast to body-cells who are tightly coupled as organs.

One more study praising importance of microbes (i.e. प्राण => हनुमान, गणेश, मारुति i.e. driving force behind microbes population protection and control )

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“Obesity is linked to changes in our gut microbes — the trillions of tiny organisms that inhabit our intestines.

“Taken together these experiments demonstrate a causal link between alterations in the gut microbiota in response to changes in the diet and increased acetate production,” said Shulman. The increased acetate in turn leads to increased food intake, setting off a positive feedback loop that drives obesity and insulin resistance, he explained.

The study authors suggest that this positive feedback loop may have served an important role in evolution, by prompting animals to fatten up when they stumbled across calorically dense food in times of food scarcity.


Research


Study reveals how altered gut microbes cause obesity

http://news.yale.edu/2016/06/08/study-reveals-how-altered-gut-microbes-cause-obesity

“Alterations in the gut microbiota are associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome in both humans and rodents,” Shulman noted. “In this study we provide a novel mechanism to explain this biological phenomenon in rodents, and we are now examining whether this mechanism translates to humans.”

Environment, Microbes and Ashthma

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“We should be rolling in the dirt, gardening, wrestling with some brambles and skinning animals for supper. These are important immune system builders.”
~ Joel Salatin

“What a child is doing when he puts things in his mouth is allowing his immune response to explore his environment. Not only does this allow for ‘practice’ of immune responses, which will be necessary for protection, but it also plays a critical role in teaching the immature immune response what is best ignored.”
~ Mary Ruebush PhD
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It may come as a surprise to many of us living in cities but this is the fact. Lack of healthy dirt (dirt/soil without chemicals) means lack of exposure to environment needed to nurture our immunity.
This results into Asthama.

Solution (As per my experience and observation)?

Visit Desi Cow’s Gau shala with Asthama patient. Spend time with Gobar. See the magic.
Let kids play in homely dirt.
Do not over-kill home bacteria by over-use of hand-wash, floor cleaner and all.
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Children who grow up in environments that afford them a wide range of microbial exposures, such as traditional farms, are protected from childhood asthma and atopy. In previous studies, markers of microbial exposure have been inversely related to these conditions.

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Exposure to Environmental Microorganisms and Childhood Asthma

CONCLUSIONS

Children living on farms were exposed to a wider range of microbes than were children in the reference group, and this exposure explains a substantial fraction of the inverse relation between asthma and growing up on a farm. (Funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the European Commission.)

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1007302

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