C Sankaran Nair, he became a member of the Viceroy’s Council in 1915 with the charge of the Education portfolio. As member, he wrote in 1919 two famous Minutes of Dissent in the Despatches on Indian Constitutional Reforms, pointing out the various defects of British rule in India and suggesting reforms. For an Indian to offer such criticism and make such demands was incredible in those days. The British government accepted most of his recommendations.
Above note is part of his famous reform suggestions.
FYI: In 1915, Gandhi returned to India permanently. He brought an international reputation as a leading Indian nationalist, theorist and organizer. He joined the Indian National Congress and was introduced to Indian issues, politics and the Indian people primarily by Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
This was the time when British felt real threat of mass uprising again, like 1857.
How pro-British class emerged?
Purpose of intensive English education was crafted in early 1800.
Looking back on these years. Duff later wrote. “It now appeared that the choice could only lie between . . . Sanscrit . . . and English. The determination of this choice involved the decision of one of the momentous practical questions connected with the ultimate evangelization of India. . . . The question was ‘Which shall hereafter be established as the language of learning in India 1 Which will prove the most effective instrument of a large. liberal and enlightened education l’ The wrong determination of so vital a question. at the outset, would have greatly retarded . . . every subsequent movement. It was not, therefore. without earnest prayer to God for counsel and direction, that a decision was attempted.” [http://img203.imageshack.us/img203/5585/2376a93f920e479ab1b3e3f.png]
According to the views of most European politicians, the rule of one country over another has no purpose other than the draining of the latter’s wealth to the ruling country. This can best be done by exploiting the resources of the subject-country.
So many methods were evolved and adopted for the exploitation of India’s resources in the interests of England (before and after 1947), some of them under the guise of “development”. Main purpose of so called ‘Development’ is to provide benefits to ruling country and if there are any benefits to local, they are minuscule by-products.
For example, Railways.
Railways. These were constructed and run with the money collected by the English from India in various ways and a large part of it was spent in England. “It has been computed,” declared Swift MacNeill in the House of Commons, on August 14, 1890, “that out of every shilling spent in railway enterprise, 8d makes its way to England.” So the Railways, through various channels and thus indirectly filled the pockets of English capitalists.
The Railways were intended and used chiefly for cheap and quick transport of wheat, cotton. and other raw materials to the ports of embarkation for being shipped to England, and for similarly transporting the goods made in and exported from England to every nook and corner of India. They also provided fast-moving transport for the army whenever it became essential to move its contingents within the shortest possible time from one end of the vast .. country to another. This facility was a sine qua non for keeping intact the British hold on the country. The benefit to India, if any, was only a by-product of the railways.
So when British apologists argue with you on this line, shut their mouth with this proof.
Abbe J.A. Dubois or Jean-Antoine Dubois was a French Catholic missionary in India. He was unique missionary because he replied back to his church that there is no need of conversion in India. He was the one who refuted all European propogandas against India.
Here is what he said about Bharatiya Varna Vyavastha.
“MANY persons study so imperfectly the spirit and character of the different nations that inhabit the earth, and the influence of climate on their manners, customs, predilections, and usages, that they are astonished to fine how widely such nations differ from each other. Trammeled by the prejudices of their own surroundings, such persons think nothing well regulated that is not included in the polity and government GI their own country. They would like to see all nations of the earth placed on precisely the same footing as themselves. Everything which differs from their own customs they consider either uncivilized or ridiculous.
“If citizens are not kept within limits of duty and obedience by the system of Varna, their life calling, the whole country would fall into a state of hopeless anarchy, reckoned amongst the most uncivilized Nations of the world. The legislators (Sages who wrote Dharma-shashtras), whoever they may have been, were far too wise and too well acquainted with natural character of people. “
Now, although man’s nature is pretty much the same all the world over, it is subject to so many differentiation caused by soil, climate, food, religion, education, and other circumstances peculiar to different countries, that the system of civilization adopted by one people would plunge another into a state of barbarism and cause its complete downfall.
I have heard some persons, sensible enough in other respects, but imbued with all the prejudices that they have brought with them from Europe, pronounce what appears to me an altogether erroneous judgment in the matter of caste divisions amongst the Hindus. In their opinion, caste is not only useless to the body politic, it is also ridiculous, and even calculated to bring trouble and disorder on the people. For my part, having lived many years on friendly terms with the Hindus, I have been able to study their national life and character closely, and I have arrived at a quite opposite decision on this subject of caste. I believe caste division to be in many respects the chef – d’ ceuvre, the happiest effort, of Hindu legislation. I am, persuaded that it is simply and solely due to the distribu- tion of the people into castes that India did not lapse into a state of barbarism, and that she preserved and perfected the arts and sciences of civilization whilst most other nations of the earth remained in a state of barbarism.”
East India Company was not interested, interfering in local Indian’s education affairs. They ignored it until 19th century. When British government first made proposal to East India Company, to introduce school masters and missionaries in Indian Society as their humble Duty, Board of directors of East India Company replied:
“India has her own system of education which had been in existence from time immemorial. The Hindus have as good a system of faith as most people and that it would be madness to attempt their conversion or to give them any more learning or any description of learning than what they already have”
Three people came on state during 1820s and 1830s. William Bentinck as Governor General. Macaulay as Legislative member of supreme council and William Adam as Education system surveyor.
William Bentinck was appointed to take decision whether to promote conversion via education or not. William Adam was in favor of continuing with native education. Macaulay was in favor of introducing English education and missionaries.
Bentinck liked Macaulay’s idea and on the 7th march, 1835, passed a resolution in favor of promotion of European education among Native India and diverted all education funds for English education. This exclusive proposal sealed the fate of Sanskrit based education in her own land. Adam’s proposal was later rejected stating it as ‘Impracticable’ and thus western education got the monopoly in India and a splendid opportunity was lost to introduce unified education system based on Sanskrit.
Why Bentinck approved Macaulay’s plan instead Adam’s when he himself appointed Adam to do Survey of Native education system?
Conditioned citizens are better obedient slaves than free thinking individuals.
With what purpose and mindset you approach foreigners, matters a lot. It reflects real motive of you approaching them. Jaundiced vision, yellow view. Clear vision, clear view.
Asiatic Society is iconic name in the field of oriental research. This Society remained the chief advisory body to the Government of India in matters relating to all kinds of scientific subjects (even after Independence).
Here is excerpt from their Second year completion president address.
Now, guess what! William Jones and Max Muller type paid-researchers are Guru of many researchers in India! Media puppets use their research as reference!
Value of forest was well understood by British govt as it is described in The Imperial Gazetteer Of India – part 3 (Economic).
Forest Cover India
When India is on the verge of server water crisis, this records should remind us critical role forest play in conserving water. Our urban tree plantation drives are not enough.
Analysis of Changing Forest Cover and its Impact on Environment with Special Reference to Umtrew Basin, North East India
“The study elucidates that the population growth, migration, developmental activities and agricultural activities are the main driven force deforestation; however there is a spatial variation in contribution to the causative factors. Change in local population is directly related to forest degradation. In some places jhooming is one of the important problem. Agricultural expansion, development of industries caused the deforestation in many ways.It is observed from the analysis of satellite data of last thirty years; it becomes clear that the forest cover has been tremendously decreasing in the Umtrew basin. As a result, soil erosion and siltation on the river bed has already been increased manifold in the said area. The geo-environmental condition of this part has already been deteriorated. There is every possibility of micro climatic change due to such changes. So, this area needs more afforestation including the social forestry programme for restoring the conditions as prevailed earlier. Therefore, considering the trend of forest change there is an umpteen need to take protection measures in the Umtrew Basin to maintain the environmental quality, restricting the possibilities of micro climatic change and meet the national demand of forest cover.”
“In some ways disease does not exist until we have agreed that it does, by perceiving, naming, and responding to it,”
– Charles E. Rosenberg
So many of us are now used to live with scientific myths. One of them is, with modern science development, we have been gifted secured hygiene tools. But if you read latest research on The hygiene hypothesis, it postulates that an environment with a high incidence of infectious diseases protects against allergic and autoimmune diseases, whereas hygienic surroundings increase the incidence of these disorders. Read on.
Ever since modern medicine has waged war against bacteria and viruses, using their dumb weapons like antibiotics and antiviral chemicals, world has seen gradual decrease in occurrence of deadly infectious diseases.
War victory! Good, right?
Further, same data points suggests that while infectious diseases occurrence is reduced, occurrence of immune system disorders like Type 1 diabetes , Asthma, Multiple sclerosis and Crohn’s disease, have increased significantly.
Moreover, countries whom you consider DEVELOPED show higher trend of immune system disorders. Oh yeah, development side effects! Epidemiologic data provide strong evidence of a steady rise in the incidence of allergic and autoimmune diseases in developed countries over the past three decades. 
In fact, due to overuse of dumb weapons like antibiotics and antiviral chemicals, not so surprisingly, intestinal colonization with gram-negative bacteria, for instance, occurs later in developed than in less-developed countries, both quantitatively and qualitatively . And if you don’t know, early intestinal colonization by friendly bacteria is very critical for physical and mental growth of a child.   
For your surprise, countries/regions not affected by so called globalization of life style, do not suffer much from immune system disorder. Common and layman will respond that it is because in less-developed countries, all cases are not reported. Well, then you must study what biologists are saying about UNDERLYING MECHANISMS before passing general statement.
Biologists are saying that infection is good for us! Infections protect against allergic and autoimmune diseases. The term that they use is ‘antigenic competition’. Antigenic competition, in which the immune response to an antigen is decreased by a concomitant immune response against an unrelated antigen.  Story of this Antigenic competition starts when married couples decide to have baby. The transfer of maternal antiviral antibodies to newborns may also have a role in the susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. Decreased exposure of women to particular viruses before pregnancy may subsequently reduce the degree of protection against these viruses afforded to their newborns  Exposure to these viruses could provoke an immune response in the children that could ultimately lead to an autoimmune disease. This hypothesis could apply to the development of type 1 diabetes, in which rubella virus and coxsackie B virus have been implicated. Now imagine our educated urban middle class young females, influenced by western life style and bombarded by TV ads, using tons of antibacterial chemicals, taking antibiotics for trivial cold and fever, using toxic cosmetics….what should we expect from future mothers?
One more example: Hay fever or Allergic rhinitis, is an allergic inflammation of the nasal airways. Excess nasal secretion), itching, and nasal congestion and obstruction. Nasal allergy may cause recurrent sinusitis because of the obstruction to the sinus Ostia. It may lead to the formation of nasal polypi. Nasal allergy can result in serious otitis media and orthodontic problems. Patients of nasal allergy have four times more risk of developing bronchial asthma.
Number of people in the U.S. who have either allergy or asthma symptoms: one in five.
Percentage of the U.S. population that tests positive to one or more allergens: 55%.  Same stats is true in metros and tier 2 cities of India, under the influence of massive and mindless urbanization.
But farmers in my village, despite living in so called hell full of pollens, rarely experience this condition. And this is worldwide true for communities living close to nature.
In short, there is a certain irony in the fact that we must now search for new ways to reproduce the infectious diseases against which MODERN MEDICINE have been fighting with great success over the past three decades. Whom you consider as developed countries are nothing but nations living on continuous confused, chaotic and self-centered trial and error methods about standard of living. On the other hand, when we talk about Manu and his smriti prescribing certain code of conducts, we either laugh on them or ignore considering them as ancient, designed for some ancient civilization.
Seriously, we need to relook to our scriptures, including Ayurveda and start re-designing life styles. Otherwise, Type 1 diabetese and asthama like immune system disorders are here to stay with us.
The philosophical result of chemical medicine’s success has been belief in the Technological Fix. Drugs became the best or only valid treatments for all ailments. Prevention, nutrition, exercise, lifestyle, the patient’s physical and mental uniqueness, environmental pollutants—all were glossed over.
No one who’s seen the decline of pneumonia and a thousand other infectious diseases, will deny the benefits of technology. But, as most advances do, this one has cost us something irreplaceable: Degenerative diseases— heart attacks, arteriosclerosis, cancer, stroke, arthritis, hypertension, ulcers, and all the rest—have replaced infectious diseases as the major enemies of life and destroyers of its quality.
The failure of technological medicine is due, paradoxically, to its success, which at first seemed so overwhelming that it swept away all aspects of medicine as an art.
Keep aside your intellectual arrogance, have faith in nature, read Manu Smriti (and other scriptures), unveil ageless hints, do research, find truths behind instructions, design solutions in present context like start nurturing gau mata (desi cows), start using cow-dung, urine for basic cleanliness and discard all foolish weapons against so called enemies i.e. bacteria and viruses.
 Adlerberth I, Carlsson B, de Man P, et al. Intestinal colonization with Enterobacteriaceae in Pakistani and Swedish hospital-delivered infants. Acta Paediatr Scand 1991;80:602-10.
 http://goo.gl/RQKDYo (Google book link for ADVANCES IN IMMUNOLOGY, Volume 18)
Ever wondered why every other Indian around us, groomed under colonial legacy education system setup by 1947 Independence custodians i.e. Indian National Congress, hate local culture or have very ostrich view about their roots?
It is because Indian National Congress was rooted in Anti-Sanatana Culture.
Let me share pain of renowned Ayurvedacharya Dr Bhudeb Mukerjee’s book Rasa Jala Nidhi published in 1938.
For everyone’s surprice, M K Gandhi is known to entire world as follower of naturopathy, makes comment against Ayurveda! 🙂
PS: Mind you – Naturopathy is not Ayurveda! Former is whims and fancies of few based on local benefits while Ayurveda is pure principles led science!
Read it to realize why modern Indians around us don’t trust Ayurveda and make fun of it. Read it why we failed to produce real Ayurvedic doctor (due to lack of trust on scriptures and blind pattern of modern education followed in modern Ayurvedic colleges)
This was about Dr. Bhudeb Mukerjee’s pain about then INC political leaders western love and hate for local science and culture.
Here is what Mr. Nehru said once:
Nehru’s views on village society:
“A village, normally speaking, is backward intellectually and culturally and no progress can be made from a backward environment.” 
With such biased views against local culture and civilization, no wonder Congress led govt promoted cow slaughter after 1947.
Roots of cow slaughter in India
1954 Expert Committee on the Prevention of Slaughter of Cattle in India
In 1954, the Government of India (Ministry of Food and Agriculture) appointed an “Expert Committee on the Prevention of Slaughter of Cattle in India”, which gave its report in January 1955.
Do you want to know committee’s startling conclusion?
Hold your breadth! 😀
In the very middle of the report, the Committee began to say that as we do not have enough fodder we cannot maintain more than 40% of our cattle. According to it, 60% of the rest had to be culled from the Indian Cattle stock, whenever possible.
Can you imagine the reason? There is no fodder so kill! 😀 Insane, illogical and fabricated!
Points to ponder upon:
1) It was Congress govt led by Nehru
2) Nehru was a meat-eater, specially beef-eater, a regular wine-drinker
3) He regularly took guidance from British Govt and queen even after 1947. It is documented fact that Kashmir mess was due to he asked Mountbatten to take decisions.
Connect the dots. Britishers did not want India to prosper so they promoted cow slaughter. Independent India’s slave rulers followed the same on master’s call.
Last but not the least,
Mr. Nehru believed that Vedas were written by Aryans who invaded India! lol !
For him, Sanskrit scriptures were mere mythology of primitive minds, and it was unfortunate for him that many Indians believes in Vedas as holy scriptures. For him, Vedic Hymns were mere poetic testaments of a people’s collective reaction to the wonder of Nature. For him, only words of Christ and Buddha are relevant to Indians.
Our Brave forefathers in Naval Services, inspired by Subhash Chandra Bose INA’s heroic tryst with destiny, wrote with their blood a new chapter in the history of our freedom struggle. NO THING CAN WIPE OUT THE MEMORY OF those five historic days which shook the very foundations of imperial rule in India.
And you were taught that Mr. Gandhi & his team gave you freedom! Re-read real history and know your real HEROES!
If you want to know, who really gave you freedom, dedicate your Today for reading this.
1) RIN 1946 – Book by victimized RIN Ratings, Oct 1954 (Part)
2) THE RIN strike by a group of victimized R.I.N. Ratings (1954) (Full)
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7R8KcZtJUs3LUxiRVdnczJza1E/edit?pli=1 (Google Docs, 20 MB)
3) RIN : 1946 (References and guide for all) by Biswanath Bose
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7R8KcZtJUs3XzFkd0VTN1B5ODA/edit (Google docs, 48 MB)
4) INDIAN NAVY REVOLTED AGAINST BRITAIN IN 1946 AND FORCED IT TO GIVE FREEDOM TO INDIA IN 1947-
Following India’s Independence in 1947, generations of Indians have been taught that the real heroes of the Freedom Movement were Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, with grudging respect paid to Sardar Patel. Subhas Bose is all but forgotten. Even worse, he is the victim of a propaganda campaign by the Nehru Government and its successors that runs along the following lines: (i) Subhas Bose was an ineffective dreamer who played an insignificant part in the Freedom Struggle; and (ii) anyone questioning the official ‘truth’, including the account of his death, is some kind of a crackpot. The following passage by Surjit Mansingh in the Historical Dictionary of India illustrates both:
“Many Indians, especially in Bengal and Maharashtra, refused to believe [in his death in an air crash]…, perhaps because of a deep seated need to believe in an immortal hero, a saintly warrior king, even a Kalki or a future incarnation of Vishnu who would return to the nation when needed.” And later, writing about Subhas Bose himself: “…the Bose cult has not died despite his lack of a broad political base or solid political achievement when alive.”
So, according to Mansingh, who incidentally is a JNU professor and a former fellow at the Nehru Museum and Library, Subhas Bose is nothing but a cult figure who did little when he was alive. While this happens to be the ‘official’ (read Congress-Communist) line, not many historians today are prepared to buy it. Probably the most distinguished historian to highlight Bose’s real contribution was the late R.C. Majumdar. In his monumental, three-volume History of the Freedom Movement in India (which the Congress-led by Maulana Azad tried to suppress), Majumdar provided the following extraordinary information:
“It seldom falls to the lot of a historian to have his views, differing radically from those generally accepted without demur, confirmed by such an unimpeachable authority. As far back as 1948 I wrote in an article that the contribution made by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose towards the achievement of freedom in 1947 was no less, and perhaps, far more important than that of Mahatma Gandhi…” The ‘unimpeachable authority’ he cited happens to be Clement Attlee, the Prime Minister of Britain at the time of India’s Independence. As this is of fundamental importance, and Majumdar’s conclusion so greatly at variance with conventional history, it is worth placing it on record. (See Volume III, pp. 609-10). When B.P. Chakravarti was acting as Governor of West Bengal, Lord Attlee visited India and stayed as his guest for three days at the Raj Bhavan. Chakravarti asked Attlee about the real grounds for granting Independence to India. Specifically, his question was, when the Quit India movement lay in ruins years before 1947, what was the need for the British to leave in such a hurry. Attlee’s response is most illuminating and important for history. Here is the Governor’s account of what Attlee told him:
“In reply Attlee cited several reasons, the most important were the activities of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose which weakened the very foundation of the attachment of the Indian land and naval forces to the British Government. Towards the end, I asked Lord Attlee about the extent to which the British decision to quit India was influenced by Gandhi’s activities. On hearing this question Attlee’s lips widened in a smile of disdain and he uttered, slowly, putting emphasis on each single letter-”mi-ni-mal”.”
“The Government of India had hoped, by prosecuting members of the INA, to reinforce the morale of the Indian army. It succeeded only in creating unease, in making the soldiers feel slightly ashamed that they themselves had supported the British. If Bose and his men had been on the right side-and all India now confirmed that they were-then Indians in the Indian army must have been on the wrong side. It slowly dawned upon the Government of India that the backbone of the British rule, the Indian army, might now no longer be trustworthy. The ghost of Subhas Bose, like Hamlet’s father, walked the battlements of the Red Fort (where the INA soldiers trial was going on), and his suddenly amplified figure overawed the conference that was to lead to independence.”
 The Last Years of British India, Cleveland, World Pub. Co., 1964, by Edwardes, Michael p. 106