Food

Food

Food, Sense and Modern Insensitivity

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How do you eat?
***Alert: This post may hit you on personal level as it is about habits. Take care 🙂
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foodnervej

In between running fast and chasing butterfly called ‘life’, we do teach our next generation, some etiquette (संस्कार?). Great!

As a part of this etiquette training, modern moms and school teachers teach toddlers how to eat in western way. They pin up handkerchief against their neck, set up dishes, serve their yummy food and as soon as kid starts eating it, they stop, scream (चुन्नू! Bad habits!छुरी और कांटे से खाओ! कितनी बार सिखाया है तुम्हे!) and suggest them to eat using fork and knife. To learn how to use fork and knife, some of them send children to coaching classes! (lol)

Is it really a right way of eating? Let me share common sense observation.

We have been using so many sensors in daily life. Temperature sensors, fire sensor, moisture sensor and what not! While surrounded by all hi-tech sensors, how can we forget body’s ingenious sensory nerves and their role in our body?

Did we forget utility of finger nerves and their touch sensations in eating?

We read number of self-help books teaching us to be proactive in any life situation but we blissfully ignore proactive set up for life’s most important process i.e. Food intake and digestion.

Fingers sensation of food sends appropriate signals to brain and ask it to prepare proper environment for digestion system, to welcome food which is ready to enter in channel. Isn’t it common sense? or may be it is rocket science. Or are we ok to ignore micro impacts of touch and sensation on body and ready to expose ourselves to diseases?

Oh wait, we eat our foods while watching TV or wearing iPod! (Couch potato as they love to be known as) We don’t get time to do all this sensation and stuff. We want to enjoy our program or movie! We are entertainment hungry! Leave us alone! Body will take care of food. It is automatic process.

Ok, as you wish. Only at our health’s cost, we can enjoy all these side activities along with meals. Don’t pay attention to food (and don’t befriend food) while eating it and welcome indigestion related diseases (Majority diseases have their roots in improper digestion)!

Enjoy TV while eating! (with fork and knife! 🙂 )
Be modern ! 😉

Grain Storage : Then and Now

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grainstorage

In ideal, prosperous Kingdoms of Bharat, storing food for future was critical state duty. One can judge the success of the state based on their dedication of storing of food for citizens.

Ancient Kings, quipped with master astrology scientists as their Ratna in the assembly, could predict bad monsoon followed by famine very precisely. Famines were expected as a natural cycle.

They do not either plant crops during famine or do not use it food. For such bad years, they utilize stored grains. This is to provide highly nutritious food for all citizens so that they are not devoid of Prana and do not forget path of their dharma.

This is one of the finest way to maintain crimes in the state. Because, it is mal-nutrition that causes major mental disorders driven crimes.

This storage was never a centralized facility. It was distributed at village level. Highly decentralized facility. Unlike modern India’s wastage of precious grains.

This duty was shared by citizens too. They also used to store grains at individual family level.

One of the benefits of using old grain is that grain goes through all different environmental conditions and imbibe protection against the odds. When subjects eat it, they too are blessed with the quantum information instructions stored in grains. Not only grains, ghee, jaggery, turmeric, honey – they all were stored based on same principle.

It is high time we revive this forgotten ritual at state level and at individual level.

Gut Microbes Decides When to Stop Eating

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mealstop

Even signal to stop EATING comes from our microbe friends! 🙂

Now you know why so many of us are voracious eaters. 🙂 (Lack or faulty microbial alert)

“Twenty minutes after a meal, gut microbes produce proteins that can suppress food intake in animals, reports a study.”

But we eat so fast that before such natural STOP alert is caught by brain, we eat over-capacity! 🙂 And this leads to indigestion, acidity, stomach-ache and all.

Eat slow! Respect microbes! Don’t see enemy in bacteria! See bacteria as your friends! Your guides! Act to maintain healthy GUT!


Research


Gut Commensal E. coli Proteins Activate Host Satiety Pathways following Nutrient-Induced Bacterial Growth

Don’t have room for dessert? The bacteria in your gut may be telling you something. Twenty minutes after a meal, gut microbes produce proteins that can suppress food intake in animals, reports a study published November 24 in Cell Metabolism. The researchers also show how these proteins injected into mice and rats act on the brain reducing appetite, suggesting that gut bacteria may help control when and how much we eat.

The new evidence coexists with current models of appetite control, which involve hormones from the gut signalling to brain circuits when we’re hungry or done eating. The bacterial proteins–produced by mutualistic E. coli after they’ve been satiated–were found for the first time to influence the release of gut-brain signals (e.g., GLP-1 and PYY) as well as activate appetite-regulated neurons in the brain.

“There are so many studies now that look at microbiota composition in different pathological conditions but they do not explore the mechanisms behind these associations,” says senior study author Sergueï Fetissov of Rouen University and INSERM’s Nutrition, Gut & Brain Laboratory in France. “Our study shows that bacterial proteins from E. coli can be involved in the same molecular pathways that are used by the body to signal satiety, and now we need to know how an altered gut microbiome can affect this physiology.”

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Mealtime brings an influx of nutrients to the bacteria in your gut. In response, they divide and replace any members lost in the development of stool. The study raises an interesting theory: since gut microbes depend on us for a place to live, it is to their advantage for populations to remain stable. It would make sense, then, if they had a way to communicate to the host when they’re not full, promoting host to ingest nutrients again.

Summary

The composition of gut microbiota has been associated with host metabolic phenotypes, but it is not known if gut bacteria may influence host appetite. Here we show that regular nutrient provision stabilizes exponential growth of E. coli, with the stationary phase occurring 20 min after nutrient supply accompanied by bacterial proteome changes, suggesting involvement of bacterial proteins in host satiety. Indeed, intestinal infusions of E. coli stationary phase proteins increased plasma PYY and their intraperitoneal injections suppressed acutely food intake and activated c-Fos in hypothalamic POMC neurons, while their repeated administrations reduced meal size. ClpB, a bacterial protein mimetic of α-MSH, was upregulated in the E. coli stationary phase, was detected in plasma proportional to ClpB DNA in feces, and stimulated firing rate of hypothalamic POMC neurons. Thus, these data show that bacterial proteins produced after nutrient-induced E. coli growth may signal meal termination. Furthermore, continuous exposure to E. coli proteins may influence long-term meal pattern.

http://www.cell.com/cell-metabolism/abstract/S1550-4131(15)00566-5?_returnURL=http%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS1550413115005665%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

 

 

When you eat matters, not just what you eat

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serving-meal

Life routine of Sanatani/ following Ayurveda, is highly specialized / individualized.

Timinings are fixed. Sleeping time, wake up time, meal time, pooja time, exercise time, break time – all fixed.

Not following means stress for cellular processes, organ processes and body processes. Chaos. Mleccha. 🙂

Observe youth and teens around. You can easily forecast their biological future. Chaos and rapid aging. Mleccha 🙂

“Every organ has a clock,” That means there are times that our livers, intestines, muscles, and other organs will work at peak efficiency and other times when they are–more or less–sleeping.

Those metabolic cycles are critical for processes from cholesterol breakdown to glucose production, and they should be primed to turn on when we eat and back off when we don’t, or vice versa.

“When we eat randomly, those genes aren’t on completely or off completely,” Panda said. The principle is just like it is with sleep and waking, he explained. If we don’t sleep well at night, we aren’t completely awake during the day, and we work less efficiently as a consequence.

First thing first:
Have fixed meal timings.
Have proper gaps between two meals.
Don’t eat 8-10 times a day as modern dietitians suggest.
Last meal and sleep : 4 hrs gap.
Exercise and meal : 45 mins gap.
Bath and meal : 30 mins gap.
No breakfast but full meal to begin the day.


Research


Time-Restricted Feeding without Reducing Caloric Intake Prevents Metabolic Diseases in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet

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While diet-induced obesity has been exclusively attributed to increased caloric intake from fat, animals fed a high-fat diet (HFD) ad libitum (ad lib) eat frequently throughout day and night, disrupting the normal feeding cycle. To test whether obesity and metabolic diseases result from HFD or disruption of metabolic cycles, we subjected mice to either ad lib or time-restricted feeding (tRF) of a HFD for 8 hr per day. Mice under tRF consume equivalent calories from HFD as those with ad lib access yet are protected against obesity, hyperinsulinemia, hepatic steatosis, and inflammation and have improved motor coordination. The tRF regimen improved CREB, mTOR, and AMPK pathway function and oscillations of the circadian clock and their target genes’ expression. These changes in catabolic and anabolic pathways altered liver metabolome and improved nutrient utilization and energy expenditure. We demonstrate in mice that tRF regimen is a nonpharmacological strategy against obesity and associated diseases.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550413112001891

When you eat matters, not just what you eat

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-05/cp-wye051112.php

When it comes to weight gain, when you eat might be at least as important as what you eat. That’s the conclusion of a study reported in the Cell Press journal Cell Metabolism published early online on May 17th.

When mice on a high-fat diet are restricted to eating for eight hours per day, they eat just as much as those who can eat around the clock, yet they are protected against obesity and other metabolic ills, the new study shows. The discovery suggests that the health consequences of a poor diet might result in part from a mismatch between our body clocks and our eating schedules.

“Every organ has a clock,” said lead author of the study Satchidananda Panda of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies. That means there are times that our livers, intestines, muscles, and other organs will work at peak efficiency and other times when they are–more or less–sleeping.

Those metabolic cycles are critical for processes from cholesterol breakdown to glucose production, and they should be primed to turn on when we eat and back off when we don’t, or vice versa. When mice or people eat frequently throughout the day and night, it can throw off those normal metabolic cycles.

“When we eat randomly, those genes aren’t on completely or off completely,” Panda said. The principle is just like it is with sleep and waking, he explained. If we don’t sleep well at night, we aren’t completely awake during the day, and we work less efficiently as a consequence.

To find out whether restricted feeding alone–without a change in calorie intake–could prevent metabolic disease, Panda’s team fed mice either a standard or high-fat diet with one of two types of food access: ad lib feeding or restricted access.

The time-restricted mice on a high-fat diet were protected from the adverse effects of a high-fat diet and showed improvements in their metabolic and physiological rhythms. They gained less weight and suffered less liver damage. The mice also had lower levels of inflammation, among other benefits.

Panda says there is reason to think our eating patterns have changed in recent years, as many people have greater access to food and reasons to stay up into the night, even if just to watch TV. And when people are awake, they tend to snack.

The findings suggest that restricted meal times might be an underappreciated lifestyle change to help people keep off the pounds. At the very least, the new evidence suggests that this is a factor in the obesity epidemic that should be given more careful consideration.

“The focus has been on what people eat,” Panda said. “We don’t collect data on when people eat.”

Cultural Disruption : Food Worship to Instant Food

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The idea of instant food was not invented by popular American cartoon family, The Jetsons who used to eat mere pills as food, but it is an inevitable fantasy in a culture desperate to do everything faster.

One by one, upper class to higher middle class to villagers, to bottom of the pyramid, we are slowly being conditioned to change our food habits, forced to adapt “gobble, gulp and go.” culture. German philosopher, Ludwig Feuerbach said in 19th century that ‘We are what we eat.’ And so root cause of majority societal problems is, life style in general and eating habits in particular.

Today, most meals are little more than refuelling pit stops. Instead of sitting down with family or friends, we often eat solo, on the move or while doing something else—working, driving, reading the newspaper, surfing the Net. When families do eat together, it is often at fast-food joints like McDonald’s, where the average meal lasts eleven minutes.

The acceleration at the table is mirrored on the farm. Chemical fertilizers and pesticides, intensive feeding, antibiotic digestive enhancers, growth hormones, rigorous breeding, genetic modification—every scientific trick known to man has been deployed to cut costs, boost yields and make livestock and crops grow more quickly.

Our उत्सवs are varied and so frequent in nature. There is special food item associated with each major उत्सव. This food is indication of food habit change as per season.

What I have observed it, Indians now celebrate major festivals like Diwali,Navratri,Uttarayan with more fanfare but with major flaw and that is synthetic unification of ways and means of celebration.

Festival -> Fire crackers -> DJ party -> Fast food

Thats it! No variation, no change! What a miserable way of celebration!

How can someone eat same food in all seasons? 🙂 Isn’t it against the Natural tendency of body? And we(we= society) complain about diseases 🙂

If it is winter, body has special needs. In monsoon and summer as well.

Do not forget that, this is the same land where once taking meal was considered as divine ritual. Days are not far when we will have to return back to roots, out of sheer uninvited intolerable misery in lives of billions.
Eating is ritual. Go slow, enjoy, and say big THANKS to all who participated in presenting food dish to you, from farmer, to Nature to cook. If you can’t offer prayer due to your delusional modern and global attitude, at least say THANKS to cook!

Science of Tadka : Art of Cooking

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dal-tadka-recipe25

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तड़का मारके!
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There is a new trend emerging in food and nutrition domain in India. Eat Natural. Eat Raw. 🙂 Like last 100 years, this too is blind mimicry of the west.

To me, it is like employing illiterate to do specific skilled job. Or expecting spiritual discourse from animals.

It is simply impossible for a subject to justify the task given, without grooming him/her for the job and lack of conducive environment.

Similarly, cooking is a critical process of making raw food सुसंस्कृत (grooming). Denial of cooking processes forever is not a wise decision.

And so I prefer: Follow local food cooked by local methods. Wherever you are!

For example: तड़का

तड़का is important for certain type of food. छौंक जिसे तड़का (पश्चिमी भाग) या बघार (दक्षिणी भाग) भी कहते हैं, मुख्यत: भारत, पाकिस्तान और बांग्लादेश में विभिन्न व्यंजनों को पकाने में प्रयोग की जाने वाली एक विधि है। छौंक लगाने में घी या तेल को गर्म कर उसमें खड़े मसाले (अथवा पिसे मसाले भी) डाले जाते हैं ताकि उनमें समाहित सुगंधित तेल उनकी कोशिकाओं से निकल कर, उस व्यंजन जिसमें इन मसालों को मिलाया जाना है, को, उसका वो खास स्वाद प्रदान कर सकें। छौंक को किसी व्यंजन की शुरुआत या फिर अंत में मिलाया जा सकता है।

शुरुआत मे लगे छौंक में अमूमन खड़े मसालों के साथ साथ पिसे मसाले और नमक भी मिलाया जाता है जबकि अंत में लगे छौंक में अक्सर खड़े मसाले ही डाले जाते हैं। शुरुआत में लगा छौंक अक्सर सब्जी पकाने में प्रयोग किया जाता है, जबकि दाल, सांबर आदि व्यंजनों में इसे अंत में मिलाया जाता है।

This is not just to make food tasty as above wikipedia paragraph says! It is essential संस्कार for the food.

Mainly this तड़का संस्कार is needed for protein rich food like dal(s) and fresh vegetables. They both can disturb Vayu (Air movements in body) in our body. disturbed Vayu is the biggest cause of sickness. There are more than 120 sicknesses due to Vayu derangement. To avoid this, तड़का is critical. (Fermented food like Dhokla, Idli without Tadka is not good for health!)🙂 ) (Even when you are eating last day’s chapati(s), you crush it, do तड़का and mix it chapati crush (वघारेली भाखरी). This is to avoid increased Vayu of stale food)

And this is specifically for Tropical region like ours! In Europe, you can eat raw Salad! But since our dietitians and doctors are trained by European textbooks, they also prescribe RAW Food! What a mental slavery! Salad is not for hot humid India! All PIZZA joints now sell Salads 😛 and we eat it too! 😉 (Y)

Our food: Always तड़का मारके!

Food Mess without Sanatana Food Duties

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Food For Cow
Food For Cow
Food For Cow

Our culture has highest morals set as long as food management is concerned. Because we consider food as sacred as our God. Without food, there is no life. Without food, there is no civilization. This land was known as land of abundance. We used to serve food to entire world.

Here is the quote from scripture:

मोधमन्नं विन्दते अप्रचेता: सत्यं ब्रवीमि वध इत्स तस्य।
नार्यमणं पुष्यति नो सखायं केवलाधो भवति केवलादी।।

ऋग्वेद के इस मंत्र में तो यहां तक कहा गया है कि धन-सम्पदा का अकेले भोग करने वाला व्यक्ति पाप का ही भोग करता है। अकेले भोग करने वाला व्यक्ति तो व्यर्थ ही अन्न, धन आदि सामग्रियों को प्राप्त करता है क्योंकि ऐसे व्यक्ति के लिए उसकी अपनी सम्पत्तियां ही मृत्यु का कारण बन जाती हैं। ऐसे व्यक्तियों का धन न तो सत्यवादी विद्वानों का पोषण करता है और न ही उसके आपत्तिग्रस्त सम्बन्धियों का। वैदिक काल से इस मंत्र का उच्चारण सामूहिक भोज के बाद किया जाता रहा है।

(English Summary: Your wealth is useless trash if you earn just for own sake. All your such wealth becomes reason for your premature death. Such wealth never helps the society in despair and hence useless. We chant this mantra after serving free food to needy)

Before planning for own meal, we plan for cow’s food, dog’s food, birds’ food. We arrange food for them before we eat.

Now, cows eat leftover food from dustbins. Street dogs also fight for sanitary napkins in trash. Birds still get it because someone told our selfish junta that if you feed the birds, you get good fortune! 🙂 You know…greedy give and take! 🙂. No ulterior motive!

We have hoarders who sale staple food at unimaginable prices! Our milk comes from torture cycle setup by dairy.

Society was never in such food mess before as we are currently. God bless our kids. (Y)

Food, Taste and Dosha : Chart

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Diet and Dosha
Diet and Dosha

If you can detect predominant Prakriti (Pitta, Kapha, Vayu) of your body and doshic symptoms of specific day (based on breathing examination, stool exam, urine exam), you can design your daily routine food accordingly. You can become architect of your own life in true sense. You can heal your body by acting like a wise doctor.

Art and science of Cooking in Ayurveda is governed by 6 tastes. Depending upon the need, of increasing or decreasing specific dosha, you can prepare food for self and family members by carefully examining them daily morning during Sandhya time (Prayer time when entire family sit together).

This chart can help you.

 

Dharma and Food : Prana Charity

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प्राण दान
प्राण दान

अन्नेन धार्यते सर्वं जगदेतच्चराचरम्।
अन्नदः प्राणदो लोके प्राणदः सर्वदो भवेत्।
तस्मादन्नं विशेषेण दातव्यं भूतिमिच्छता।।

– Mahabharat

This physical world is sustained by food (Food, Water, Air). Those who are food givers in abundance, are actually doing प्राणदान. प्राणदान is most sublime giving. And so, being farmer who grows प्राणयुक्त food or being part of प्राणयुक्त food chain, is a great service to the society and sustenance of the world.

On the other hand, those who are promoting प्राणहर (That which consumes Prana of the food consumer) food (Chemically grown food), food price inflation and food profit, doing farming as a business, selling food, promoting farming as a business – They all are destructor of the world.

Dharma and Food Charity (Anna Daan)

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अन्न  दान
अन्न दान

भगवानुवाच:

चण्डालो वा श्वपाको वा काले यः कश्चिदागतः।
अन्नेन पूजनीयः स्यात्परत्र हितमिच्छता।।

– महाभारतम्-14-आश्वमेधिकपर्व-108

उचित समय पर अगर चंडाल या श्वपचभी आये तो गृहस्थको निश्चयही उनका अन्न समर्पित कर सत्कार करना चाहिए.

On timely arrival of even Chandal (Dead animal eaters) and Shvpacha (dog eaters), householder must welcome them by serving food.

Where is racism or casteism here?

If you don’t follow dharma, it is your fault! Don’t blame dharma scriptures for it!

And dharma bound duties are never stereotypes. They change with time, age, place and context.

About so called out-caste:

Yes, those who share the same living style, prefer to live together. It is for their benefit. It is for entire village’s benefits. There is no discrimination here. Even modern society prefer it. If there is any descrimination that you observe around you, it is certainly not the sign of Sanatana dharma and never prescribed as such!

The verse I shared has some more interesting supporting verses. Separate compilation post for it.

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