Food

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Desi Ghee (Fatty Acids) : Prevent Bipolar Disorder

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gheebipolar

Omega-3 fatty acid = Desi cow ghee = Disorders free mind and brain.

This is how गौ माता keeps her children sane and healthy.

The Moment her prasad is out of regular food, disorders are expected to arrive at door-step. If not you, your next generation.

For other terrains, there are alternatives like nuts and fish but for us, living on grassland plains, ghee plays critical role as it is the only and critical source of fatty acids.


Research


Lower availability of omega-3 fatty acids associated with bipolar disorder

http://news.psu.edu/story/382628/2015/11/25/research/lower-availability-omega-3-fatty-acids-associated-bipolar-disorder

People with bipolar disorder have lower levels of certain omega-3 fatty acids that cross the blood-brain barrier than people who do not, according to researchers from Penn State College of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health. The finding could have implications for dietary interventions for the disorder.

Fatty acids are a major area of interest in bipolar disorder and depression because of their biological importance in the brain. Studies have shown that fatty acid supplementation may be useful for unipolar depression, but the data has been more mixed for bipolar disorder.

The researchers, led by Erika Saunders, associate professor and chair of psychiatry, Penn State College of Medicine, compared fatty acids in 27 people with symptomatic bipolar disorder and 31 healthy control subjects. The group measured levels of different forms of the polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6. They also collected self-reported information on fatty acid consumption and bipolar medication use. Their results were published in the journal Bipolar Disorders.

Free fatty acids are able to cross the blood-brain barrier, while fatty acids bound to proteins are not. In study subjects with bipolar disorder, the ratio of a free-circulating omega-3 fatty acid called EPA to bound EPA was lower than in other people.

“This means that the availability of omega-3 in the body is lower in bipolar subjects,” Saunders said.

Omega-3 fatty acids are a large component of brain-cell membranes and are important for cell-to-cell communication in the brain. In the study, the ratio of free to bound EPA correlated with clinical bipolar symptoms, specifically mania and tendency towards suicide.

Fatty acids also play an important role in the immune system and the inflammatory system.

“Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids can shift the balance of inflammation, which we think is important in bipolar disorder,” Saunders said.

 

FDI and Quality Improvement Myth

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FDI in retail and quality myth
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There is a myth propagated that if you buy anything from Wal-mart like super store, you will always save yourself from adulteration that you face at local Bania.
 
This is not true always. Two examples:
 
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Not All Organic Foods are Created Equal when Walmart ordered it :
 
The organic milk that Wal-Mart sells under their own “Great Value” brand is a perfect example of how their influence can negatively effect the quality of organic food. This milk is supplied by Aurora Organic Dairy which is a large company that supplies other retailers such as Safeway, Costco, and Target as well. Aurora Organic has been accused on multiple occasions of selling organic milk that is in fact not organic. Horizon Organic is another large distributor of organic milk that also supplies Wal-Mart and has been accused of the same thing.
 
In 2007, USDA investigators found Aurora Organic to be in violation of 14 organic dairy requirements[1] and threatened to revoke their certification. Legal complaints have also been filed against Horizon Organic. Unfortunately, no further action was taken and both Aurora Organic and Horizon Organic continue to flood the market with low quality “organic” milk. For more information on this issue, visit the Cornucopia Institute’s page on Aurora Organic Factory Dairy.
 
[1] : http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC5063457
 
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More than two-thirds of common brands of extra-virgin olive oil found in California grocery stores aren’t what they claim to be, according to a University of California at Davis study. [2]
 
Instead, the oils were spoiled or made from lower quality olives unfit to be labeled “extra virgin.” Worse, some were outright counterfeits, made from soy, hazelnut, and even fish oils mixed with low grade olive-pomace oil.
 
[2] http://olivecenter.ucdavis.edu/files/report%20041211%20final%20reduced.pdf
 
“Our laboratory tests found that the top-selling imported brands of “extra virgin” olive oil sold in the United States and purchased at retail locations throughout California often failed the IOC’s sensory standards for extra virgin olive oil.
 
Our testing indicated that the samples failed extra virgin olive oil standards for reasons that include one or more of the
following: (a) oxidation by exposure to elevated temperatures, light, and/or aging; (b) adulteration with cheaper
refined olive oil; and (c) poor quality oil made from damaged and overripe olives, processing flaws, and/or improper
oil storage.”
=================
 
Be ready for International Food Adulteration Gangs (IFAG), they are certainly better than local bania as they sell in glossy wrapper :).

Three Pillars of Life

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त्रय उपस्तम्भा: आहार: स्वप्नो ब्रह्मचर्यमिति (चरक संहिता सूत्र. 11/35)

threepillars
अर्थात् शरीर और स्वास्थ्य को स्थिर, सुदृढ़ और उत्तम बनाये रखने के लिए आहार, स्वप्न (निद्रा) और ब्रह्मचर्य – ये तीन उपस्तम्भ हैं। ‘उप’ यानी सहायक और ‘स्तम्भ’ यानी खम्भा। इन तीनों उप स्तम्भों का यथा विधि सेवन करने से ही शरीर और स्वास्थ्य की रक्षा होती है।

Are we not living terribly anti-life routine? Do you love your life? your family? If yes, act.

Isn’t it a heinous crime to waste human life? Yes, it is terrible crime. It is called प्रज्ञापराध.

धी धृति स्मृति विभ्रष्ट: कर्मयत् कुरुतऽशुभम्।
प्रज्ञापराधं तं विद्यातं सर्वदोष प्रकोपणम्।। — (चरक संहिता; शरीर. 1/102)

अर्थात् धी (बुद्धि), धृति (धैर्य) और स्मृति (स्मरण शक्ति) के भ्रष्ट हो जाने पर मनुष्य जब अशुभ कर्म करता है तब सभी शारीरिक और मानसिक दोष प्रकुपित हो जाते हैं। इन अशुभ कर्मों को प्रज्ञापराध कहा जाता है। जो प्रज्ञापराध करेगा उसके शरीर और स्वास्थ्य की हानि होगी और वह रोगग्रस्त हो ही जाएगा।

If there is sickness, man would jump between sleep and food, try to correct them, but will hardly pay attention to Brahmcharya :). Such is the shoddy state of our modern living. Think about it.

The Protein Reduction : Beans and peas increase fullness more than meat

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We (Dharma based living) see food as a whole. We don’t reduce food into nutrients. And then choose food based on nutrient!

Protein-rich! – That is not the goal of dharma-based meal selection! Prana-rich! -is the goal. Digestion-friendly meal is our goal.

Read it.Why and how vegetable proteins provides more sense of soulfulness.

beans-vs-pork

Beans and peas increase fullness more than meat

SUSTAINABLE EATING

Meals based on legumes such as beans and peas are more satiating than pork and veal-based meals according to a recent study by the University of Copenhagen’s Department of Nutrition, Excercise and Sports. Results suggest that sustainable eating may also help with weight loss.

Numerous modern dietary recommendations encourage high protein consumption to help with weight loss or prevent the age-related loss of muscle mass. Furthermore, consuming more vegetable-based protein from beans and peas, and less protein from meats such as pork, veal and beef, is recommended because meat production is a far greater burden on our climate than vegetable cultivation. Until now, we haven’t known very much about how legumes like beans and peas stack up against meat in satiating hunger. As a result, little has been known about the impact of vegetables and the possibility of them catalyzing or maintaining weight loss.

High protein vegetables fill more

The recent study demonstrated that protein-rich meals based on beans and peas increased satiety more in the study participants than protein-rich veal and pork based meals. In the study, 43 young men were served three different meals in which patties – consisting of either beans/peas or veal/pork – were a key element. The study also demonstrated that when participants ate a protein-rich meal based on beans and peas, they consumed 12% fewer calories in their next meal than if they had eaten a meat-based meal.

“The protein-rich meal composed of legumes contained significantly more fiber than the protein-rich meal of pork and veal, which probably contributed to the increased feeling of satiety”, according to the head researcher, Professor Anne Raben of the University of Copenhagen’s Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports.

Sustainable eating can help weight loss

Most interestingly, the study also demonstrated that a less protein-rich meal based on beans and peas was as satiating and tasty as the protein-rich veal and pork-based meals.

“It is somewhat contrary to the widespread belief that one ought to consume a large amount of protein because it increases satiety more. Now, something suggests that one can eat a fiber-rich meal, with less protein, and achieve the same sensation of fullness. While more studies are needed for a definitive proof, it appears as if vegetable-based meals – particularly those based on beans and peas – both can serve as a long term basis for weight loss and as a sustainable eating habit”, concludes Professor Raben.

http://nexs.ku.dk/english/news/2016/beans-and-peas-increase-fullness-more-than-meat/

MEALS BASED ON VEGETABLE PROTEIN SOURCES (BEANS AND PEAS) ARE MORE SATIATING THAN MEALS BASED ON ANIMAL PROTEIN SOURCES (VEAL AND PORK) – A RANDOMIZED CROSS-OVER MEAL TEST STUDY

http://www.foodandnutritionresearch.net/index.php/fnr/article/view/32634

Conclusion: Vegetable-based meals (beans/peas) influenced appetite sensations favorably compared to animal-based meals (pork/veal) with similar energy and protein content, but lower fiber content. Interestingly, a vegetable-based meal with low protein content was as satiating and palatable as an animal-based meal with high protein content.

Kitchen (pAkashAlA ) : Place where you receive Sanskar

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पाकशाला or Kitchen is the place where your future-self (Food) receives संस्कार. पाकशालामें अन्न सुसंस्कृत होता है | Cooking is a ritual, just like any other संस्कार ritual.

It demands full attention of the priest, the cook. It demands love and empathy from the priest, the cook. It demands relaxed mind. This ritual demands patience and hard work. Cook has to take care needs of all, children, adults, rogi etc. Irrespective of gender, those family members who possess all these qualities, performs this art of making food सुसंस्कृत.

The best position is sitting position. Cooking in standing position increases Vayu. Long term joint pain issues. Knee replacements. Correlate the timing when we as a society adopted new form of kitchen and increasing cases of joint pain.

If you are a cook, experiment. Convert your kitchen in semi-sitting arrangement. See the effect. If it benefits, nothing wrong in demolishing current setup and rebuilding new setup 🙂.

Your Innate Nature and Food Selection

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Did Gita mention about food or food habits? Person or food?

In Bhagwad Gita, wherever there is a mention about food, it is about eater and the food itself (4-30, 6-16/17,9-27,1-52).

This suggests that he gives importance to human’s predominant nature and temperament than food itself.

In 17th chapter too, he discussed in detail, sattvik, rajasik and tamasik nature of a man and not the food. Had it been about a food and food habits, he would have gone into great details with examples.

Sattvik person first think about food’s impact on भूतसमुदाय (Body, senses, intellect and mind) and then eat it. So goes the verse 17.8 – explains impact first and then type of food selected by sattvik person.

Rajasik person first eats the food and then thinks about adverse effects. So goes the verse 17.9 – God first explained food selected by rajasik person and then the adverse effects.

In 17.10, he did not even mentioned ill-effects of tamasik food. This shows that tamasik person does not think at all! Tamas means zombie state. No thought processes at all! Out of delusion, tamasik person eats like an animal, and behaves like a beast.

So, based on this description, it is clear that, it is not food that decides your nature but it is your nature that selects food and maintains your particular nature. If we want to change anyone’s nature, we will first have to work on their nature i.e. स्वभाव. No easy task to alter human nature. This process starts very early in life. Before birth. This is the reason I emphasis more often on two institution most 1) Marriage 2) Parenting – Child development. Future depends on these two social norms. We must protect them. When they are of sattvik nature, we can pray mother nature to gift Sattvik generations. It is difficult to mold, already molded clay pot (Tamasik nature of grown up adults). And if you try, very hard, you may break the equilibrium. If you really are interested in building healthy future, work on children. Prepare Sattvik nature in them. Nurture them accordingly.

 

Food, Sense and Modern Insensitivity

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How do you eat?
***Alert: This post may hit you on personal level as it is about habits. Take care 🙂
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foodnervej

In between running fast and chasing butterfly called ‘life’, we do teach our next generation, some etiquette (संस्कार?). Great!

As a part of this etiquette training, modern moms and school teachers teach toddlers how to eat in western way. They pin up handkerchief against their neck, set up dishes, serve their yummy food and as soon as kid starts eating it, they stop, scream (चुन्नू! Bad habits!छुरी और कांटे से खाओ! कितनी बार सिखाया है तुम्हे!) and suggest them to eat using fork and knife. To learn how to use fork and knife, some of them send children to coaching classes! (lol)

Is it really a right way of eating? Let me share common sense observation.

We have been using so many sensors in daily life. Temperature sensors, fire sensor, moisture sensor and what not! While surrounded by all hi-tech sensors, how can we forget body’s ingenious sensory nerves and their role in our body?

Did we forget utility of finger nerves and their touch sensations in eating?

We read number of self-help books teaching us to be proactive in any life situation but we blissfully ignore proactive set up for life’s most important process i.e. Food intake and digestion.

Fingers sensation of food sends appropriate signals to brain and ask it to prepare proper environment for digestion system, to welcome food which is ready to enter in channel. Isn’t it common sense? or may be it is rocket science. Or are we ok to ignore micro impacts of touch and sensation on body and ready to expose ourselves to diseases?

Oh wait, we eat our foods while watching TV or wearing iPod! (Couch potato as they love to be known as) We don’t get time to do all this sensation and stuff. We want to enjoy our program or movie! We are entertainment hungry! Leave us alone! Body will take care of food. It is automatic process.

Ok, as you wish. Only at our health’s cost, we can enjoy all these side activities along with meals. Don’t pay attention to food (and don’t befriend food) while eating it and welcome indigestion related diseases (Majority diseases have their roots in improper digestion)!

Enjoy TV while eating! (with fork and knife! 🙂 )
Be modern ! 😉

Grain Storage : Then and Now

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grainstorage

In ideal, prosperous Kingdoms of Bharat, storing food for future was critical state duty. One can judge the success of the state based on their dedication of storing of food for citizens.

Ancient Kings, quipped with master astrology scientists as their Ratna in the assembly, could predict bad monsoon followed by famine very precisely. Famines were expected as a natural cycle.

They do not either plant crops during famine or do not use it food. For such bad years, they utilize stored grains. This is to provide highly nutritious food for all citizens so that they are not devoid of Prana and do not forget path of their dharma.

This is one of the finest way to maintain crimes in the state. Because, it is mal-nutrition that causes major mental disorders driven crimes.

This storage was never a centralized facility. It was distributed at village level. Highly decentralized facility. Unlike modern India’s wastage of precious grains.

This duty was shared by citizens too. They also used to store grains at individual family level.

One of the benefits of using old grain is that grain goes through all different environmental conditions and imbibe protection against the odds. When subjects eat it, they too are blessed with the quantum information instructions stored in grains. Not only grains, ghee, jaggery, turmeric, honey – they all were stored based on same principle.

It is high time we revive this forgotten ritual at state level and at individual level.

Gut Microbes Decides When to Stop Eating

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mealstop

Even signal to stop EATING comes from our microbe friends! 🙂

Now you know why so many of us are voracious eaters. 🙂 (Lack or faulty microbial alert)

“Twenty minutes after a meal, gut microbes produce proteins that can suppress food intake in animals, reports a study.”

But we eat so fast that before such natural STOP alert is caught by brain, we eat over-capacity! 🙂 And this leads to indigestion, acidity, stomach-ache and all.

Eat slow! Respect microbes! Don’t see enemy in bacteria! See bacteria as your friends! Your guides! Act to maintain healthy GUT!


Research


Gut Commensal E. coli Proteins Activate Host Satiety Pathways following Nutrient-Induced Bacterial Growth

Don’t have room for dessert? The bacteria in your gut may be telling you something. Twenty minutes after a meal, gut microbes produce proteins that can suppress food intake in animals, reports a study published November 24 in Cell Metabolism. The researchers also show how these proteins injected into mice and rats act on the brain reducing appetite, suggesting that gut bacteria may help control when and how much we eat.

The new evidence coexists with current models of appetite control, which involve hormones from the gut signalling to brain circuits when we’re hungry or done eating. The bacterial proteins–produced by mutualistic E. coli after they’ve been satiated–were found for the first time to influence the release of gut-brain signals (e.g., GLP-1 and PYY) as well as activate appetite-regulated neurons in the brain.

“There are so many studies now that look at microbiota composition in different pathological conditions but they do not explore the mechanisms behind these associations,” says senior study author Sergueï Fetissov of Rouen University and INSERM’s Nutrition, Gut & Brain Laboratory in France. “Our study shows that bacterial proteins from E. coli can be involved in the same molecular pathways that are used by the body to signal satiety, and now we need to know how an altered gut microbiome can affect this physiology.”

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Mealtime brings an influx of nutrients to the bacteria in your gut. In response, they divide and replace any members lost in the development of stool. The study raises an interesting theory: since gut microbes depend on us for a place to live, it is to their advantage for populations to remain stable. It would make sense, then, if they had a way to communicate to the host when they’re not full, promoting host to ingest nutrients again.

Summary

The composition of gut microbiota has been associated with host metabolic phenotypes, but it is not known if gut bacteria may influence host appetite. Here we show that regular nutrient provision stabilizes exponential growth of E. coli, with the stationary phase occurring 20 min after nutrient supply accompanied by bacterial proteome changes, suggesting involvement of bacterial proteins in host satiety. Indeed, intestinal infusions of E. coli stationary phase proteins increased plasma PYY and their intraperitoneal injections suppressed acutely food intake and activated c-Fos in hypothalamic POMC neurons, while their repeated administrations reduced meal size. ClpB, a bacterial protein mimetic of α-MSH, was upregulated in the E. coli stationary phase, was detected in plasma proportional to ClpB DNA in feces, and stimulated firing rate of hypothalamic POMC neurons. Thus, these data show that bacterial proteins produced after nutrient-induced E. coli growth may signal meal termination. Furthermore, continuous exposure to E. coli proteins may influence long-term meal pattern.

http://www.cell.com/cell-metabolism/abstract/S1550-4131(15)00566-5?_returnURL=http%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS1550413115005665%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

 

 

When you eat matters, not just what you eat

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serving-meal

Life routine of Sanatani/ following Ayurveda, is highly specialized / individualized.

Timinings are fixed. Sleeping time, wake up time, meal time, pooja time, exercise time, break time – all fixed.

Not following means stress for cellular processes, organ processes and body processes. Chaos. Mleccha. 🙂

Observe youth and teens around. You can easily forecast their biological future. Chaos and rapid aging. Mleccha 🙂

“Every organ has a clock,” That means there are times that our livers, intestines, muscles, and other organs will work at peak efficiency and other times when they are–more or less–sleeping.

Those metabolic cycles are critical for processes from cholesterol breakdown to glucose production, and they should be primed to turn on when we eat and back off when we don’t, or vice versa.

“When we eat randomly, those genes aren’t on completely or off completely,” Panda said. The principle is just like it is with sleep and waking, he explained. If we don’t sleep well at night, we aren’t completely awake during the day, and we work less efficiently as a consequence.

First thing first:
Have fixed meal timings.
Have proper gaps between two meals.
Don’t eat 8-10 times a day as modern dietitians suggest.
Last meal and sleep : 4 hrs gap.
Exercise and meal : 45 mins gap.
Bath and meal : 30 mins gap.
No breakfast but full meal to begin the day.


Research


Time-Restricted Feeding without Reducing Caloric Intake Prevents Metabolic Diseases in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet

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While diet-induced obesity has been exclusively attributed to increased caloric intake from fat, animals fed a high-fat diet (HFD) ad libitum (ad lib) eat frequently throughout day and night, disrupting the normal feeding cycle. To test whether obesity and metabolic diseases result from HFD or disruption of metabolic cycles, we subjected mice to either ad lib or time-restricted feeding (tRF) of a HFD for 8 hr per day. Mice under tRF consume equivalent calories from HFD as those with ad lib access yet are protected against obesity, hyperinsulinemia, hepatic steatosis, and inflammation and have improved motor coordination. The tRF regimen improved CREB, mTOR, and AMPK pathway function and oscillations of the circadian clock and their target genes’ expression. These changes in catabolic and anabolic pathways altered liver metabolome and improved nutrient utilization and energy expenditure. We demonstrate in mice that tRF regimen is a nonpharmacological strategy against obesity and associated diseases.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550413112001891

When you eat matters, not just what you eat

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-05/cp-wye051112.php

When it comes to weight gain, when you eat might be at least as important as what you eat. That’s the conclusion of a study reported in the Cell Press journal Cell Metabolism published early online on May 17th.

When mice on a high-fat diet are restricted to eating for eight hours per day, they eat just as much as those who can eat around the clock, yet they are protected against obesity and other metabolic ills, the new study shows. The discovery suggests that the health consequences of a poor diet might result in part from a mismatch between our body clocks and our eating schedules.

“Every organ has a clock,” said lead author of the study Satchidananda Panda of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies. That means there are times that our livers, intestines, muscles, and other organs will work at peak efficiency and other times when they are–more or less–sleeping.

Those metabolic cycles are critical for processes from cholesterol breakdown to glucose production, and they should be primed to turn on when we eat and back off when we don’t, or vice versa. When mice or people eat frequently throughout the day and night, it can throw off those normal metabolic cycles.

“When we eat randomly, those genes aren’t on completely or off completely,” Panda said. The principle is just like it is with sleep and waking, he explained. If we don’t sleep well at night, we aren’t completely awake during the day, and we work less efficiently as a consequence.

To find out whether restricted feeding alone–without a change in calorie intake–could prevent metabolic disease, Panda’s team fed mice either a standard or high-fat diet with one of two types of food access: ad lib feeding or restricted access.

The time-restricted mice on a high-fat diet were protected from the adverse effects of a high-fat diet and showed improvements in their metabolic and physiological rhythms. They gained less weight and suffered less liver damage. The mice also had lower levels of inflammation, among other benefits.

Panda says there is reason to think our eating patterns have changed in recent years, as many people have greater access to food and reasons to stay up into the night, even if just to watch TV. And when people are awake, they tend to snack.

The findings suggest that restricted meal times might be an underappreciated lifestyle change to help people keep off the pounds. At the very least, the new evidence suggests that this is a factor in the obesity epidemic that should be given more careful consideration.

“The focus has been on what people eat,” Panda said. “We don’t collect data on when people eat.”

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