Dharma

Dharma

Lanka vs Ayodhya

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206370_227598357365080_716252329_n

What is difference between Raam ‘s Bharat and Ravana’s Lanka?

Bharat had abundant of Natural forest/Natural landscapes. Lanka had naturalized(Make more natural or lifelike) forest.
Look around you. What do you see most? Artificially grown lawns/Golf Course(Modern Asoka Vana) or Natural green pastures for cows?
We are living in Lanka. And we want to call it Raam Rajya 🙂

How is your life? Natural or Naturalized (Inspired from Media driven green campaigns)?

King: Garland maker or charcoal burner?

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Garland

In a garland, flowers of many colors and forms are strung for the most pleasing effect, whereas in the hands of the charcoal burner all kinds of wood reduced to just charcoal.

This famous statement from the Mahabharata emphasizes the importance of the king’s duty to preserve and protect this diversity. The charcoal burner is reductionist and destroys diversity, whereas the garland maker celebrates it.
In legislative context, this could be achieve by Jury system backed by localized legislation.

Manu (7.41) codifies the contextual importance of dharma: “[A king] who knows the sacred law, must imagine into it the laws of jati (community), of districts, of guilds, and of families, and thus settle the peculiar law of each”. The acceptance of many ways of dharmic living was built into the Indian king’s duties to uphold religious diversity, as explained by Kane:

“It was on account of the general attitude of religious tolerance that the Smritis and digests prescribe that even the usage of heretical sects should be enforced by the king. Yaj.II.192 prescribes that the king should guard against the breach of the distinctive usages and conventions of guilds (of artisans), of traders, of heretical sects, and bands (of soldiers). Narada (samayasyanapakarma 1-3) states that the king should uphold the conventions of heretical sects of traders, guilds and other groups and that whatever traditional usages, activities, mode of attendance and means of maintenance were peculiar to them should be permitted to them by the king without introducing any change. Among the matters of which the king was to take cognizance and included under prakirnaka by Narada (verse 2) was the transgression of usages of heretics, traders, guilds and ganas. Brhaspati provides that in disputes among husbandmen, artisans, wrestlers, money-lenders, guilds, dancers, heretics, thieves, a decision is to be given in accordance with their conventions.”

garland3
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“Generally speaking, the king had no legislative power; nevertheless there are instances where kings created new rules, usually by recognizing existing customs. He also had residual powers to create positive law, viz. in areas that were not covered by the dharma-sastras.”
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– “History of Dharmasastra”. Volume III, second edition, 1973, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona.
Context sensitive dharma vs. Normative compliance based dharma. Not only adjusted to local conditions but to that context presented by running time. The training for excellence is to practice the embodied technologies of decision-making, the right decisions, the wise decisions, when needed by the present dharma, context, one faces. This is the goal, the ethics of the whole program of the Avatara Krisna in the Bhagavad Gita: to train Arjuna, that fallen and disturbed warrior, to make decisions, the best ones, as needed by his present dharma (his present situation), a battle field. And this is the program of human acting, from the Rig Veda down, that Indic texts propose: an ethics of decision making as opposed to an ethics of compliance to rules coming from the outside.

I tried to give few examples here where collective, context sensitive justice was given and recorded in inscription:
1] A village officer demanded taxes from a woman who declared she was not liable. The former seems to have put her through an ordeal. The woman took poison and died. A meeting of the people from the four quarters (All castes), eighteen districts and the various countries (International Jury) was held and it was decided that the man was liable. In order to expiate his sin, he paid ,32 kasu for burning a lamp at the temple (A.D. 1054).
2] A man pushed his wife and she fell down and died in consequence. The 1,500 men of the four quarters assembled and declared the husband guilty. He was required to provide 4 lamps to the temple (12th century A.D).
3] A laborer went out hunting, missed his aim and shot a person. The agriculturists from the seventy-nine (79) districts assembled together and declared the person guilty. He was required to present 64 cows for burning two lamps in the temple.
More here : Link to note: http://goo.gl/k48Wm
Hope we citizens correct the system by amending it for good of larger mass.

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How to handle “Will the latter not result in manipulation of results?”

Randomly selected, case specific Jury can help implementing system prescribed by great legacy of dharma-shashtra(s) we have. Again, this is not perfect answer. churning is on to find this answer.

Science of कर्मयोग(selfless actions) & क्षमा(forgiveness) for long term health

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Forgiveness

Lingering Negative Responses to Stress Linked With Health a Decade Later

Ok. So what causes stress? And how do we respond to them? All depends upon our mental digestion process and our inclination or non-inclination for dharma-based living.

What is Dharma?

Dharma is that which sustains the Universe. In materialistic lingo, it is about following natural laws and adjust life according to it.

When we don’t do that , we generate mental stool.

12 types of mental stool that will arise in your mind for sure. Purge them as soon as they develop in your mind-space (मानसिक शरीर)

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शोकः क्रोधश्च लोभश्च कामो मोहः परासुता।
ईर्ष्या मानो विचिकित्सा कृपासूया जुगुप्सता॥
द्वादश्ौते बुद्धिनाशहेतवो मानसा मलाः।

– इति कालिकापुराणे १८ अध्यायः
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शोक,क्रोध्,लोभ,काम,मोह,परपीडन,द्वेश्,अहंकार,संशय,घृणा,दोषरोपन,परनिन्दा

These are stresses generated by us. Response to them decides our health in future.

One of the finest tools suggested by Sastra is , follow your duty and don’t think much about fruits. निष्काम कर्म योग!

युक्तः कर्मफलं त्यक्त्वा शान्तिमाप्नोति नैष्ठिकीम्।
अयुक्तः कामकारेण फले सक्तो निबध्यते।।5.12।।

कर्मयोगी कर्मफलका त्याग करके नैष्ठिकी शान्तिको प्राप्त होता है। परन्तु सकाम मनुष्य कामनाके कारण फलमें आसक्त होकर बँध जाता है।

This, we being entangled in the prospects of the fruits, is nothing but lingering on stress!

निष्काम कर्म योग is not just for being healthy but optimum health is surely an outcome of your urge to realize answer for “Who am I?”. Selfless actions is a tool to achieve it.

Another tool suggested by Sastra for any interpersonal conflicts is: क्षमा

विपदी धैर्यमथाभ्युदये क्षमा सदसि वाक्पटुता युधि विक्रम: ।
यशसि चाभिरूचिव्र्यसनं श्रुतौ प्रकॄतिसिद्धमिदं हि महात्मनाम् ॥

आपात्काल मे धेेैर्य , अभ्युदय मे क्षमा , सदन मे वाक्पटुता , युद्ध के समय बहादुरी , यशमे अभिरूचि , ज्ञान का व्यसन ये सब चीजे महापुरूषोंमे नैसर्गिक रूपसे पायी जाती हैं ।

धृतिः क्षमा दमोऽस्तेयं शौच मिन्द्रियनिग्रहः ।
धी र्विद्या सत्यमक्रोधो दशकं धर्म लक्षणम् ॥

धारणा शक्ति, क्षमा, दम, अस्तेय (चोरी न करना), शौच, इन्द्रियनिग्रह, बुद्धि, विद्या, सत्य, अक्रोध – ये दस धर्म के लक्षण हैं ।

 Now let us understand what modern studies have to say about science of “Let-it-go!”
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Research
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https://www.psychologicalscience.org/news/releases/lingering-negative-responses-to-stress-linked-with-health-a-decade-later.html

Lingering Negative Responses to Stress Linked With Health a Decade Later

People whose negative emotional responses to stress carry over to the following day are more likely to report health problems and physical limitations later in life compared with peers who are able to “let it go,” according to findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

“Our research shows that negative emotions that linger after even minor, daily stressors have important implications for our long-term physical health,” says psychological scientist Kate Leger of the University of California, Irvine.

“When most people think of the types of stressors that impact health, they think of the big things, major life events that severely impact their lives, such as the death of a loved one or getting divorced,” Leger says. “But accumulating findings suggest that it’s not just the big events, but minor, everyday stressors that can impact our health as well.”

Evidence from previous studies suggests a clear association between same-day responses to stress and long-term well-being, but the impact of lingering emotional responses remained unclear. That is, does it make a difference if a stressor – such as a flat tire, a bad grade, or an argument — leads to negative emotions that spill over into the following day?

How Industrial Mindset Destroyed Purushartha Chase

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Industrial Mindset
“Instead of our drab slogging forth and back to the fishing boats, there’s reason to live!
We can lift ourselves out of ignorance, we can find ourselves as creatures of excellence and intelligence and skill. We can learn to be free! we can learn to fly!”
“Most gulls don’t bother to learn more than the simplest facts of flight – how to get from shore to food and back again”
“For most gulls it was not flying that matters, but eating. For this gull, though, it was not eating that mattered, but flight.”
― Richard Bach, Jonathan Livingston Seagull
 
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Our life is limited. In this limited life, we have to earn everything. I am not talking about the money. It is about earning पुरुषार्थ. पुरुषार्थ loosely means pursuit for the existence. Actions contributing or justifying our existence as a human. And what is the use of most powerful organic life when we cannot justify our existence? 🙂
 
There are 4 पुरुषार्थs. धर्म (Societal and Family duties), अर्थ (Livelihood and that is it! No saving, no future saving. If wealth comes effortlessly, fine! But if you have to spend 12+ hrs for it, it is useless 😀 ), काम (Pleasure not limited to sex! Music, Running, Cycling, Hiking, Walking, Entertaining, Sports), मोक्ष (Meditation, Concentration and sleep) .
 
Instead of earning and chasing 4 P(=Purusharth), we are running behind false illusions. Everyone realize this too. But very late in the life. By the age 40-50, we start realizing about life wasted behind illusions.
 
Ideal society is that which helps everyone in earning 4 P. We are not anymore. And certainly, that is not a good sign.
 
To correct our living as a society, we must come out of Industrial Age mindset.
 
Some of the Industrial Age mindsets:
 
“Produce more, consume more.”
“Work harder, party harder”
“हम दो, हमारे दो.” (This does not only promotes population control but also selfish motives. My family is my boundary. I don’t care what happens outside my some.)
“छोटा कुटुंब,सुखी कुटुंब” ( Along with population control, this indirectly promotes nuclear family, against joint family system. If Dharma was instead followed, we really don’t need such slogans)
 
Try it. Try to bring 4 P in life and divide 24 hrs in pursue of them. 6 hrs of each. See the difference in life. (Y).

Dharma Law 1

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Dharma Law 1

The first and foremost law of Sanatana Dharma insists on the recognition of the fact that man is eternal, the true man, the soul, that entity whose presence in the body makes it a living man and whose departure from it constitutes its death, – that this true man is independent of body, senses and the mind, that he has existed from time without beginning, and will exist through all time, that HE iseternal and immortal.

Unaffected by all changes in environment, witnessing every change in the internal as well as external world and becoming the wiser for it, using his gross and subtle bodies as instruments by which to gain experience of the world around him, the true man is himself never subject to the changes of birth and death, as he is the ever-present witness of those changes.

So, first step is, readiness to seek and find out the true self and an intense aspiration for the realization of that self.

Reference: Bhagwad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 11 to 30

Super Hero : Dharma vs Rest

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Super Hero : Dharma vs Rest
Super Hero : Dharma vs Rest

Western Superhero -> “I am capable enough of doing everything. I can save the world. I am center of the universe. I can destroy all evils.”

Our Superhero -> He takes the driver’s seat. He navigates. He directs. He inspires. He believes in collective actions. He believes in awakened mass. To his best friend, he says: “Do not become a coward, O Arjuna, because it does not befit you. Shake off this trivial weakness of your heart and get up for the battle, O Arjuna.”

Rama was capable to slay Ravana alone but he did not. He did Nation-wide Van-yatra, awakened the mass, took their help and collectively fought.

Look at the go-vardhan picture. It is not just Krishna that is participating.

This universe runs by collective actions. Even Avatar demands it.

So when your child is raised by the stories of Batman and Superman, it is difficult to instill this valuable learning about collective actions. And child may develop false delusion of super-ego.

I would any day prefer stories of Rama and Krishna over Batman and Superman.

Western Philosophy vs Bharatiya Tattvagyan

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Philosophy in Bharat is not a dry subject. तत्वज्ञान as correct word, demands much more than intellectual feat. Logic is secondary, experience is primary. No तत्वज्ञानी in pavitra Bharat Bhumi is considered authentic unless he is also a Yogi. A yogi does not merely talk or write. He lives life as per realization of तत्वज्ञान. Not only faith, experience of God. No intellectual pastimes. No pointless contemplation of reality. Personal realization is the base for integration with reality. Immediate contact with being.

Give priority to अनुभव सिद्ध knowledge and not information overload.

Constitution of Human Body by Gorakhnatha

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Gorakhnath
Gorakhnath

There is nothing greater than guru, nothing greater than guru, nothing greater than guru, nothing greater than guru.
Shiva is the instructor. Shiva is the instructor. Shiva is the instructor. Shiva is the instructor.” – Siddha Siddhanta Paddhati, V, 63.

This Sanskrit text, attributed to Siddha Gorakhnath, is divided into six chapters called Upadeshas.

Gorakhnath takes a comprehensive view of the nature of human individuality and analyses its constitution from the yogic standpoint. He conceives the human organism as consisting of

(I) the material body called Bhuta-plnda,
(2) the mental body, described as Antahkarana pancaka or five-fold antahkarana,
(3) Kula.pancaka or five-fold Ku!a.
(4) Vyakil-pancaka or five-fold Vyakti,
(5) Pratyakha-ka,ana.pancaka or five-fold perceptible determinant causes,
(6) The system of the Nadis,
(7) Dasa.Vayu or ten Prana.Vayu or vital forces, forming the vital body.

(1) The gross material body :— The Bhuta pinda (or Bhautik .pinda), i.e. the material body, is constituted of the five gross material elements, purposefully organised by the Creative Will of Brahma with the Life-power and the Mind-power immanent in the organism. In different parts of the organism, however, different elements appear in more conspicuous proportions. In bones (asthi), flesh (mãmsa), skin (twak), tissues (Nadi) and hair (roma)—i.e. in all the solid parts,—the element of Bhumi or Prithwi appears predominantly, and Gorakhnath speaks of them as the five gunas (perhaps in the sense of special manifestations) of Bhumi.

In the liquid substances of the body,— such as, saliva (lara), urine (mutra), semen (sukra), blood (sonita) and sweat (sveda),— the element of Ap or Salila appears more conspicuously, and they are called the five gunas of Ap.

Hunger (kshudha), thirst (trishna), sleep (nldra), lustre (kanti) and sloth (âlasya) are conceived by Gorakhnath as physical phenomena, in which there are special manifestations of the clement of Tejas. According to him, these phenomena occur on account of the varying functions and influences of Tejas or Agni in different parts of the living body.

Movement (dhãvana), fidgeting (bhramana), expansion (prasörana), contraction (ãkuncana) and suppression (nirodhana) are bodily phenomena, which are chiefly determined by the element of Vdyu and are therefore called Gunas of Vãyu.

The phenomena of physical attraction (raga), repulsion (dwesha), fear (bhaya), shame (IaJJa) and callousness (moha) are regarded as the special manifestations of the clement of Akasa and are accordingly described as the five Gunas of Akasa.

Thus the Mahayogi describes the gross physical body as constituted of the five gross bhutas and as possessing twenty-five gunas mentioned above.

More to continue.. (From the book mentioned in image)

 

Fearlessness of walking on the path of Dharma

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Vedic Fearlessness
Vedic Fearlessness

Fearlessness of walking on right path (Life dedicated for धर्म संस्थापनाय).
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Language of my writing might be without polish and elegance, but following carefully the path of the Vedas, is pleasing to him who has FAITH.

My greed is great for the gem of Vedic Knowledge, when shining with additional lustre in the light of the investigation of scriptures.

For the most part of research(scientific investigation) in this world has been made नास्तिक ( नास्तिक is not atheist) in nature, I tried to turn such investigations on आस्तिक path, on path of Vedas.

Reverencing the Scripture as I do, let none reproach me, should err (in my exposition). He that goes by the right path need not be ensured, even if he slips (occasionally).”

– Kumarila Bhatta

Being Dharmic(धार्मिक) : Live Symbiotic Life

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Relation between I and my bacterial friends (Bacteria residing on my body)
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symbiosis

The term biologists use for our relations with Bacteria is ‘Amphibiosis’. A symbiotic relationship that under certain circumstances can be helpful and other circumstances can be harmful, with the helpful and harmful aspects referring to either host or symbiont.

The term we use for this “Dharmic Relation”. In dharmic relation, each participant is following own dharma. Own duty towards the integrity of the cellular complex called ‘Body’. Sometimes, cells forget their duty. When cells forget duty, it is important for rest of the dharmic*** body cells to purge them. Sometimes, bacteria(s) do not do their duty so immune system flush them from body. Sometimes, by accident or bad habits of ours, non-compatible life forms enter into body. For example, कृमि worms. Most of the times, such non-compatible disturbances happen when our ego “I” forgets to perform duties. For example, eat food anytime of the day. Now this disturbs the digestion cycle. So cells are are over-stressed. Some of them die prematurely. To purge them, bacteria play role. And we call it bacterial infection. Except us, with free will, everyone else in the nature has instinct driven will or in other words, mother nature drives them. So they always remain धार्मिक. It is our Ego who has to remain धार्मिक to maintain the optimum body state. We can do it by following local culture since it is evolved life routine to maintain symbiotic relation with others in same environment.

***Dharmic (धार्मिक) = The one who follows own dharma.

*** What is dharma?
Dharma has the Sanskrit root dhri, which means “that which upholds” or “that without which nothing can stand” or “that which maintains the stability and harmony of the universe.” Dharma encompasses the natural, innate behavior of things, duty, law, ethics, virtue, etc. Every entity in the cosmos has its particular dharma — from the electron, which has the dharma to move in a certain manner, to the clouds, galaxies, plants, insects, and of course, man.

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