Childhood

Childhood

Never Ignore Roots : Pregnancy, Mother’s attitude and Child Development Impact

Mother

Recently, due to some family emergency, I visited near by hospital. There, I saw expectant mothers waiting for their sonography round! While waiting, all of them were engaged in super critical talk on whatsapp! 🙁

Yes, it may be difficult to spend time but then who stops mothers to divert mind in productive activities like reading Ramayana to the child? If not that, why not learn knitting or other activities related to child?

Child neglect starts very early in life. All in the womb! Modern mothers have hardly any time left to think about the womb. Talk with the child. Conversations! Instead of talking with child in womb, she is driven by entertainment! TV to whatsapp and whatsapp to HotStar! As if, chatting on whatsapp is more important than talking with kid!

No Garbha Sanskar music or seminar or super food will help if you can’t connect and communicate with your kid inside!!

I have written in past, how neglect will cause damage to brain. Read them here:

Never compromise motherhood! Be with your child!

Your Child Demands Yashoda Care : Neuroscience of parenting

Now, read this latest research


Research


Mothers who ‘connect’ with their baby during pregnancy are more likely to interact in a more positive way with their infant after it is born, according to a study carried out at the University of Cambridge. Interaction is important for helping infants learn and develop.

Researchers at the Centre for Family Research carried out a meta-analysis, reviewing all published studies in the field, in an attempt to demonstrate conclusively whether there was a link with the way parents think about their child during pregnancy and their behaviour towards them postnatally.

The results of their work, which draws data from 14 studies involving 1,862 mothers and fathers, are published in the journal Developmental Review.

Studies included in the meta-analysis examined parents’ thoughts and feelings about their child during pregnancy through interviews and questionnaires. For example, in interviews expectant parents were considered to have a ‘balanced’ representation of their child if they showed positive anticipation of their relationship with the child or showed ‘mind-mindedness’ – a propensity to see their child as an individual, with its own thoughts and feelings. This was contrasted by parents who had a ‘distorted’ representation of their child, with a narrow, idealised description of their child, and incomplete or inconsistent descriptions of them.

Once the child had been born, researchers in these studies would observe the interactions between parent and child. One measure they were looking for was ‘sensitivity’ – the ability to notice, interpret and respond in a  timely and appropriate manner to children’s signals, for example if the baby was upset.

Combining the results from all 14 studies, the Cambridge team showed a modest association between positive thoughts and feelings about the infant during pregnancy and later interaction with the infant, but only in mothers.

“Studies have shown that parent-child interaction is crucial for a child’s development and learning, so we wanted to understand if there were prenatal signs that might predict a parent’s behaviour,” says Dr Sarah Foley, the study’s first author, who carried out the research as part of her PhD.

“Although we found a relationship between a mother’s attitude towards her baby during pregnancy and her later interactions, this link was only modest. This suggests it is likely to be a part of the jigsaw, rather than the whole story.”

Research has also shown that increased awareness of the baby during pregnancy is associated with healthy behaviours during pregnancy, such as giving up smoking or attending antenatal appointments.

While more work is needed to determine what form such interventions might take, options might include the midwife encouraging the mother to think about what her baby may be like, or asking the mother to imagine activities they think she and her baby might like to do together.

“This is a relatively new area of research, but could have important implications for children’s development,” adds Dr Foley. “We need more research in this area, but hope it will inform new interventions that could help new mothers engage more with their children.”

http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/mothers-attitude-towards-baby-during-pregnancy-may-have-implications-for-childs-development

 

Never compromise motherhood! Be with your child!

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Mom voice

We discussed here many times. Voice play critical role. In fact, it was very foundation of our education.

Even in difference voices, mother’s voice (including foster mothers like Gau, soil) and Guru’s voice is sheer magic.

Whatever research labs are producing, are related to Vaikhari-vak which is the grossest level of speech, and it is heard through the external senses. When sound comes out through the mouth as spoken syllables it is called as vaikhari.

Our culture and education suggests and promote deeper commune! Para, pashyanti, madhyama ! (Read article in comment for understanding)

Can you imagine what growing national assets (our kids!) miss due to idiotic parenting? (Mother and father busy in own life, having very little time to talk with kids)

Can you imagine the havoc when human interactions are replaced by machine interactions? (Tablet based education! 😀 )

This is how psychopaths (zombies , terrorists , stalkers) are groomed by society. By utter neglect from mother (and all motherly figures participating in parenting) in childhood.


Research


http://med.stanford.edu/news/all-news/2016/05/moms-voice-activates-different-regions-in-children-brains.html

Mom’s voice activates many different regions in children’s brains

“This is an important new template for investigating social communication deficits in children with disorders such as autism,” Menon said. His team plans to conduct similar studies in children with autism, and is also in the process of investigating how adolescents respond to their mother’s voice to see whether the brain responses change as people mature into adulthood.
“Voice is one of the most important social communication cues,” Menon said. “It’s exciting to see that the echo of one’s mother’s voice lives on in so many brain systems.”

“Many of our social, language and emotional processes are learned by listening to our mom’s voice,” said lead author Daniel Abrams, PhD, instructor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences. “But surprisingly little is known about how the brain organizes itself around this very important sound source. We didn’t realize that a mother’s voice would have such quick access to so many different brain systems.”

Preference for mom’s voice

Decades of research have shown that children prefer their mother’s voices: In one classic study, 1-day-old babies sucked harder on a pacifier when they heard the sound of their mom’s voice, as opposed to the voices of other women. However, the mechanism behind this preference had never been defined.

Child deprived of Sleep and playtime : Mental disorders

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SleepPlay

Two activities are predominant in childhood. 1) Sleep 2) Play

->Early admission to school (Systemic methodical learning) compromises both.
->Early exposure to TV/Mobile/Screen entertainment compromises both.
->Nuclear family setup (living alone,away from larger family) compromises second.
->Early exposure to talent race (Acting competition, Dancing competition, Memory competition etc) compromises second.

Sleeping and Playing both activates same area of brain. This area is responsible for dynamically stabilizing body and social development. Neurons associated with each other in more complex manner if children spend their time in Sleep and Play more than any other activity. More complex neurons, better ground for adult skills like decision power, creativity, risk taking ability etc.

Take care.

Btw, majority adults behave childishly because they too are deprived of sleep and play 😉

Age 21 is the pinnacle age as far as our physiological development is concerned. From 21, biological downfall starts, slowly, unnoticed. (Ayurveda prescribed that children should not get involved in heavy endurance exercises. Let them play. There is a correlation. Just a hint. Separate topic) Downfall becomes rapid when you cross 30. More rapid when you cross 40. By the time you reach 50, you start feeling the ‘retiring’ feeling.

21 – This is the time when one should start paying attention to maintain equilibrium of the body balanced food, sleep and exercise. If you are in 30s, still there is a chance, start exercise! Running, swimming, real sports (Not cricket but basketball, football, hockey for 30 minutes at least), hiking, climbing, digging!

Exercise, plays vital role. Especially endurance exercise. Exercise, especially endurance exercise, is known to have beneficial effects on brain health and cognitive function. This improvement in cognitive function with exercise has been most prominently observed in the aging population. Exercise has also been reported to ameliorate outcomes in neurological diseases like depression, epilepsy, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease.

As per this research [1] , endurance exercise induces FNDC5, a muscle protein. This induced protein helps inducing Bdnf (Brain-derived neurotrophic factor), a secreted protein, a growth factor. BDNF activity is correlated with increased long term potentiation and neurogenesis, which can be induced by physical activity. Long term potentiation is shown to improve learning and memory by strengthening the communication between specific neurons.

If you do not want your brain cells (neurons) to die prematurely, If you have started feeling midlife crisis, started forgetting things; Exercise is your ultimate solution.


Research


Animals that play a lot quickly learn how to navigate the world and adapt it. In short, they are smarter.

Jaak Panksepp (June 5, 1943 – April 18, 2017) was an Estonian-American neuroscientist and psychobiologist who coined the term “affective neuroscience”, the name for the field that studies the neural mechanisms of emotion.

His research suggests that active play selectively stimulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor (which stimulates nerve growth) in the amygdala (where emotions get processed) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (where executive decisions are processed).

Teens are under depression and committing suicide not because of some game but due to lack of social interaction and play time. And even if teens are engaged in play, they deprive sleep due to excessive screen addiction. Effect of play is nullified due to lack of sleep. If you play, you need sleep (or rather rest). Ever exciting nervous system surrenders and body succumb to unforeseen mental disorders.

Can PLAY Diminish ADHD and Facilitate the Construction of the Social Brain?

Refhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2242642/

The diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) has been increasing at an alarming rate, paralleled by the prescription of highly effective psychostimulants whose developmental effects on growing brains remain inadequately characterized. One reason for the increasing incidence of ADHD may be the diminishing availability of opportunities for pre-school children to engage in natural self-generated social play. Pre-clinical work indicates that play can facilitate behavioral inhibition in growing animals, while psychostimulants reduce playfulness. The idea that intensive social play interventions, throughout early childhood, may alleviate ADHD symptoms remains to be evaluated. As an alternative to the use of play-reducing psychostimulants, society could establish play “sanctuaries” for at-risk children in order to facilitate frontal lobe maturation and the healthy development of pro-social minds.

Socially-induced brain ‘fertilization’: play promotes brain derived neurotrophic factor transcription in the amygdala and dorsolateral frontal cortex in juvenile rats.

Ref: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12676333

Rough and tumble (R&T) play is assumed to have beneficial effects in developing organisms. To evaluate this idea, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene expression was evaluated in 32-day-old juvenile rats that were allowed to play for 30 min prior to sacrifice. In situ hybridization for BDNF mRNA revealed that the amygdala and dorsolateral frontal cortex had significantly elevated BDNF mRNA expression as a result of play. These effects suggest that play may help program higher brain regions involved in emotional behaviors.

 

Exercise Induces Hippocampal BDNF through a PGC-1α/FNDC5 Pathway

[1] http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S155041311300377X

Exercise can improve cognitive function and has been linked to the increased expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms driving the elevation of this neurotrophin remain unknown. Here we show that FNDC5, a previously identified muscle protein that is induced in exercise and is cleaved and secreted as irisin, is also elevated by endurance exercise in the hippocampus of mice. Neuronal Fndc5 gene expression is regulated by PGC-1α, and Pgc1a−/− mice show reduced Fndc5expression in the brain. Forced expression of FNDC5 in primary cortical neurons increases Bdnf expression, whereas RNAi-mediated knockdown of FNDC5 reduces Bdnf. Importantly, peripheral delivery of FNDC5 to the liver via adenoviral vectors, resulting in elevated blood irisin, induces expression of Bdnf and other neuroprotective genes in the hippocampus. Taken together, our findings link endurance exercise and the important metabolic mediators, PGC-1α and FNDC5, with BDNF expression in the brain.

Save Motherhood, Revive Motherhood, Revive Nationhood

Motherhood_6

Sanatana dharma revolves around few institutions. One of them is family. Family revolves around mothers in family. But right now, we are living in very danger time where motherhood is targeted constantly under the umbrella of “Feminism”. Market forces in global world knows very well that India is biggest market and we can turn Indians into zombie consumerist, only when we break their family system. And to break family system, it is necessary to kill motherhood!

Last year, wrote several notes on it. Compiling them here.

It starts with grooming of girl child who is fame-hungry, sporting self as object under the influence of Bollywood. Save her!

Purpose of कला was to rip apart विकार of mind and body so that we become ready for self-realization.

What is being injected to young mind is no art! It is actually adding more layers of विकार on top of consciousness!

Motherhood_1

श्रृंगार play vital role in health of an individual and it is never denied. But what is going in name of श्रृंगार is sheer consumerism. Not needed!

Motherhood_2

Motherhood_3

Motherhood_4

Societal transformation starts with mighty mothers. 
Nurture girl child as bold, courageous and razor sharp citizens.Parents of girl child has critical role to play for future.

All parents of girl child are lucky and potent change agents. They can do wonder with powerful will.
सम्पदि यस्य न हर्षो विपदि विषादो रणे न भीरुत्वम्
तं भुवनत्रयतिलकं जनयति जननी सुतं विरलम्
sampadi yasya na harSho vipadi viShaado raNe na bheerutvam
tam bhuvanatrayatilakam janayati jananee sutam viralam

Only an exceptional mother gives birth to a child – who does not get extremely happy on reception of wealth, who does not get sad on the arrival of bad times, who does not become a coward in a war because of fear. The child with such qualities is a crown jewel of the world.

Motherhood_5

 

 

Digitized Childhood, Dumb Adulthood

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10479138_10153083705669762_5404570544386548514_n

For any artificial virtual perceptions, kids are too Young. Children who started watching television before their first birthday, and who watched more than two hours per day, were six times more likely to have language delays than children in a control group.[1]
There are many other detrimental effects on their mental and physical growth.

When your kid is glued to any of the mentioned screen(Mobile/TV/Tablet), he or she is disconnected from you and environment. Virtual mediums are one way mediums. There is no two way-communication. If a Kid touches a tree, there is a sensible response. If a kid does eye contact with any adult, there is a response. Screens don’t respond mentally/emotionally. This lead to potential disconnect. It delays brain development. You may think your kid is smart to learn operating of gadget but that is natural since their mind is by default operative and tend to learn operations quickly. What they lack is emotions as response. So only operating skills improve and overall development gets hampered.

They learn best when there is live human response. Toys help developing operative skills. If you replace humans with screens, they don’t get exposure to humans and so delay in development.

Wise parents keep kids away from screen as much as possible. Wise friends and relatives don’t give their mobiles to kids as a gesture of play.


Side note


Some fellow parents complain about chronic cough and constant whooping by their kids. Re-check – do you expose more to screens? It may be the reason!

” in the first two years of life, the brain triples in size. Connections that form in the brain, or synapses, are based on early life experiences. Prolonged exposure to rapid image changes during these first years of critical brain development preconditions the mind to expect high levels of stimulation. This, in turn, leads to inattention in later years. Studies on the impact of media have shown that the more kids watch TV before the age of three, the more likely they are to have attention problems in school. ”

Compare generation of 80s, 90s, 2000s and now. Day by day, they are becoming hyper but silly.

What I observe is, when parents are not able to respond Kid’s cry, they give mobile phone to keep them at peace. What a miserable parenting!


Research


Television viewing associates with delayed language development.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18460044

RESULTS:

Forty-six boys and 10 girls; mean [+/-SD] age, 2.11+/-0.47 years of the case group and 59 boys and 51 girls; mean [+/-SD] age, 2.23+/-0.80 years of the control group were enrolled. Children who had language delay usually started watching television earlier at age 7.22+/-5.52 months vs. 11.92+/-5.86 months, p-value<0.001 and also spent more time watching television than normal children (3.05+/-1.90 h/day vs. 1.85+/-1.18 h/day; p-value<0.001). Children who started watching television at<12 months of age and watched television>2 h/day were approximately six times more likely to have language delays.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is a relationship between early onset and high frequency of TV viewing and language delay.

Early Childhood Environment Determines Adult testosterone levels

hormonal

I have coined the word ‘Yashoda-care’ for the treatment every child desire in first 5 years of life. And when they miss it, we can’t really predict good adulthood. One or another way, you will see disorder in their life.

Your Child Demands Yashoda Care : Neuroscience of parenting

लालयेत् पंच वर्षाणि दश वर्षाणि ताडयेत्।
प्राप्ते तु षोडशे वर्षे पुत्रे मित्रवदाचरेत्।।

अर्थात- पाँच वर्ष की अवस्था तक पुत्र को लाड़ करना चाहिए, दस वर्ष की अवस्था तक (उसी की भलाई के लिए) उसे ताड़ना देना चाहिए और उसके सोलह वर्ष की अवस्था प्राप्त कर लेने पर उससे मित्रवत व्यवहार करना चाहिए।

Hormones represent पित्त / अग्नि in body. During childhood, body’s nature is of type क़फ. But when the environment is chaotic, more and more raw fire will be consumed (As hormonal transformation is not demanded now!).

Although, what this study says is not strong correlation but it certainly gives potent hint. First 5 years, child must feel like a womb. It is only human childhood where kid takes years to acquire basic living skills. Still in womb, learning. During this time, if the environment is chaotic, impact will be long lasting. It is not just physical environment but also mental environment. All plays role.

At  the same time, it is also important to alter parenting style once child crosses 5 years of age! Not only that, one must focus on gender too! Respect biological differences. Don’t live under false delusion of equality!

When all of this is missed, expect hormonal imbalance. And then we blame random things on the sky for mental and physical abrupt disorders popped up in adult life.

Read this study and it will give you potent hints for certain questions

  1. Why yashoda-care for first 5-7 years?
  2. Why Gurukul (Learning by self-discipline and hardship) after age 8
  3. Why girls and boys should receive different education during their hormonal transformation age (teen age)
  4. Why not engage child in sports/martial art too early in life (ideal after 7-8 years)
  5. Why not engage child in any competition too early in life (like reality shows)

Tame the bodily fire during childhood so that the child emerge as firehouse in adulthood.

Consume the bodily fire during childhood so that child turns out to be a feeble minded weak body!


Research


Men’s testosterone levels largely determined by childhood environment

https://www.dur.ac.uk/news/newsitem/?itemno=35110

Men’s testosterone levels are largely determined by their environment during childhood, according to new research.

The Durham University-led study suggests that men who grow up in more challenging conditions where there are lots of infectious diseases, for example, are likely to have lower testosterone levels in later life than those who spend their childhood in healthier environments.

Prostate cancer risk 

The study, published in Nature Ecology and Evolution, challenges the theory that testosterone levels are controlled by genetics or race.

As high testosterone levels potentially lead to an increased risk of prostate enlargement and cancer, the researchers suggest that any screening for risk profiles may need to take a man’s childhood environment into account.

The study found that Bangladeshi men who grew up and lived as adults in the UK had significantly higher levels of testosterone compared to relatively well-off men who grew up and lived in Bangladesh as adults. Bangladeshis in Britain also reached puberty at a younger age and were taller than men who lived in Bangladesh throughout their childhood.

Disease exposure

The researchers say the differences are linked to energy investment as it may only be possible to have high testosterone levels if there are not many other demands placed on the body such as fighting off infections. In environments where people are more exposed to disease or poor nutrition, developing males direct energy towards survival at the cost of testosterone.

The researchers collected data from 359 men on height, weight, age of puberty and other health information along with saliva samples to examine their testosterone levels. They compared the following groups: men born and still resident in Bangladesh; Bangladeshi men who moved to the UK (London) as children; Bangladeshi men who moved to the UK as adults; second-generation, UK-born men whose parents were Bangladeshi migrants; and UK-born ethnic Europeans.

Childhood environment

Lead author of the study, Dr Kesson Magid from Durham University’s Department of Anthropology (UK), said: “A man’s absolute levels of testosterone are unlikely to relate to their ethnicity or where they live as adults but instead reflect their surroundings when they were children.”

Men with higher levels of testosterone are at greater risk of potentially adverse effects of this hormone on health and ageing. Very high levels can mean increased muscle mass, increased risk of prostate diseases and have been linked to higher aggression. Very low testosterone levels in men can include lack of energy, loss of libido and erectile dysfunction. The testosterone levels of the men in the study were, however, all in a range that would unlikely have an impact on their fertility.

Health implications

Co-author Professor Gillian Bentley from Durham University, commented: “Very high and very low testosterone levels can have implications for men’s health and it could be important to know more about men’s childhood circumstances to build a fuller picture of their risk factors for certain conditions or diseases.”

Aspects of male reproductive function remain changeable into adolescence, up to the age of 19 and are more flexible in early rather than late childhood, according to the research. However, the study suggests that, in adulthood, men’s testosterone levels are no longer heavily influenced by their surroundings.

Kids sold out for parents’ selfish dreams

Originally wrote in 2014. Things are worse now.

kidsperform

“Make-up, hair extensions, teased hairstyles, clouds of hairspray, flippers (fake teeth), sophisticated costumes, screaming crowds (mostly mothers), weird postures, twitched face expressions, tiaras, trophies, money and more”

On top of it, 5 years old dancing on adult songs. 10 years old doing double meaning comedy? Adults on show passing adult comments?

Forcing children in well scripted Talent show/reality shows is not child labour torture?

In most of the cases, it is parents Attention greed, trying to live own dream by kids act, that drives children crazy.

Any child NGO working on it? Making future citizens fame hungry…not a crime against society? Do we realize psychological impact in their future life?

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