Child Development

Child Development

Joint Family Living and Immunity

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Joint family living is extinct custom in most Indian lineages. Due to this extinct idea, upcoming generations will miss, not only cultural inheritance but also biological inheritance.

c86

Cultural inheritance – easy to understand. Common sense. Google

In classroom biology, we are taught about DNA based biological inheritance from paternal and maternal lines but story does not end there.

Exposure-sensitive periods in childhood and sex-specific transmissions are features that support biological rather than cultural transmission. Story begins with grand-parents exposure to children during exposure-sensitive growth periods. Grand-father and grand-mother – both plays critical role of transmitting surrogate biological instructions to growing children. Surrogate instructions are those gene expression, which are not transmitted by parents in their DNA. These gene-expressions, provide extra protection against most possible generational immunity buildup. Modern science has just started investigating this link. [Some studies are shared at the end of this note. This studies also suggest that why it is important for you to discard bad habits and develop good habits.]

And what do we do with our grandparents? We send them to old age home! What a stupid generation! Crime against civilization! If you love your children (which is possible if they are not product of your sex instinct and are not accidently delivered due to one night mistake i.e. Not so planned parenting) Think twice before you decide to live separate from your parents.

Parents, grand-parents, siblings, cousins – they all play role in child development [1]. I know many parents, sacrificing career opportunities to focus on child development. Results are amazing. Take care in national interest. Your child is future citizen. Do not produce weak generation. Fight against modern societal perils. Encourage joint family living.


Research


[1] Family structure, neonatal infection, and hay fever in adolescence.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1511536/

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether increased numbers of siblings and infection in early life protect against allergic sensitisation. DESIGN: Historical cohort study. SETTING: Sheffield, UK. SUBJECTS: 11,765 children aged 11-16 years for whom a history of neonatal infectious illness had been recorded systematically at 1 month of age. METHODS: A history of hay fever and family structure was obtained by postal questionnaire; neonatal illness history was ascertained from health visitor records; 723 children underwent skin prick testing with mixed grass pollen extract. RESULTS: The prevalence of hay fever was reduced (p < 0.0001) among children of younger mothers, and those from larger families. The number of older siblings exerted a stronger independent effect than the number of younger siblings (p < 0.001). Infants breast fed exclusively during the first month were at higher risk (p < 0.05) of subsequent hay fever, independent of demographic factors. Adolescents at high risk of hay fever by virtue of their family structure were more likely to be sensitised to grass pollen (p < 0.002). No significant relations emerged between hay fever and infection in the first month of life, even among children born in June. CONCLUSIONS: The association of hay fever with family structure is not due to reporting bias and reflects an environmental influence on allergic sensitisation. The effects of sibship size, birth order, and infant feeding are consistent with a protective influence of postnatal infection. The first month of life and the first postnatal exposure to allergen are not the critical periods during which this protective effect is determined.

Grandma’s Experiences Leave a Mark on Your Genes

Your ancestors’ lousy childhoods or excellent adventures might change your personality, bequeathing anxiety or resilience by altering the epigenetic expressions of genes in the brain.

http://discovermagazine.com/2013/may/13-grandmas-experiences-leave-epigenetic-mark-on-your-genes

Your Diet Affects Your Grandchildren’s DNA, Scientists Say

http://discovermagazine.com/2013/may/13-grandmas-experiences-leave-epigenetic-mark-on-your-genes

You are what you eat, the saying goes. And, according to two new genetic studies, you are what your mother, father, grandparents and great-grandparents ate, too.

Diet, be it poor or healthy, can so alter the nature of one’s DNA that those changes can be passed on to the progeny. While this much has been speculated for years, researchers in two independent studies have found ways in which this likely is happening.

The findings, which involve epigenetics, may help explain the increased genetic risk that children face compared to their parents for diseases such as obesity and diabetes.

Time to take epigenetic inheritance seriously

http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v10/n11/full/5200901a.html

Whilst one striking result relates to the grandfather’s food availability, epigenetic transmission from just father to child would be sufficient to set up a cascade of metabolic responses down the generations.

 

What is Sanskar?

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Sanskar
Sanskar
Img src: http://songsmp3.net/assets/images/1/65907-Sanskar%20(1950).jpg

 

Word ‘संस्कार’ is translated as ‘Ceremony’ and many vital phases of life are reduced to mere mechanical rituals and the want of a peculiar indefinable moral and vigorous excellence of a man for whom he/she underwent the process, is generally missing.

संस्कार : Purification of body, mind and intellect by liquidating impurities arose during journey of immortal soul from one body to another, one life to another. If performed with the intention mentioned, individual becomes fit to live co-operative life in family, community, society, Nation and world by performing his righteous duties and enjoying fruits of संस्कारs sown for pure and conditioned body,mind and intellect. And the process of nebulizing संस्कारs starts not when a child is born but when the very idea of conception is conceived by couple to resist impurities (of body,mind and intellect) and have healthy co-operative living.

Consequences of missing right Sanskar at right age : We witness all around. 🙁

Sound of Mother’s voice : Aid for Fetal Brain growth

Ramayana

Tragedy of our times is that while mother should engage in life-enriching conversations with the womb, she has to attend conference calls, meetings, mobile games, whatsapp and all.

Imagine the frustration of the child in the womb for beginning life with such non-responsive parents?

I know few couples, who stopped using TV, mobile and all as soon as they realized to have a baby. Worth. Take care. Try it.


Even after birth, for first 2 years, dedicate your maximum time to child.

In India, grand mother prescribes pregnant females at home to read Ramayana and Mahabharata aloud. Instead, most of them now watch TV all the time :).
 
They suggest to sing Halarda to kids during sleeping time, but instead moms start mp3 on mobile :D.
 
Do you know why? Here is the hint:
 
“”Babies begin to hear at 25 weeks’ gestation, and they’re exposed to the mother’s voice and heartbeat,” Lahav said. “If you put them inside the incubator for five to six weeks, you’re actually depriving them of these maternal exposures to the mother’s voice. The incubator is seemingly a wonderful piece of equipment. But at the same time, it’s like a social cage.””
 
Even after birth, babies seek continuous hearing from mother. Her presence and voice help baby a lot in ongoing physical and mental development.
 
If I become Health Minister or can influence present minister, I will give full 2 years paid leaves to working mothers. 🙂
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Research
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Sound of Mother’s Voice in Womb May Aid Fetal Brain Growth

Study of preemies who heard recordings from mom showed larger auditory cortex

Babies may get a brain boost in the womb when they hear the voices and heartbeats of their mothers, a new study suggests.

Researchers studying premature babies in the hospital found that the sound centers in the babies’ brains grew more quickly when they heard recordings of their mothers rather than the normal clamor of intensive care units. The recordings were manipulated to simulate sounds heard in a womb.

It’s not clear what this means in the long run, “but it shows how important it is for mothers to interact with their premature babies when they visit,” said study co-author Amir Lahav, an assistant professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School in Boston.

Babies born prematurely often suffer from hearing and language problems, Lahav explained, and the researchers wanted to know more about how they’re affected by the weeks they spend in an incubator instead of in their mother’s womb.

“Babies begin to hear at 25 weeks’ gestation, and they’re exposed to the mother’s voice and heartbeat,” Lahav said. “If you put them inside the incubator for five to six weeks, you’re actually depriving them of these maternal exposures to the mother’s voice. The incubator is seemingly a wonderful piece of equipment. But at the same time, it’s like a social cage.”

The study findings probably apply to all babies, one expert noted.

Previous research has shown that fetuses respond to the sound of the mother’s voice. At birth, babies take notice “and say, ‘Hey, that’s what I was waiting for,’ ” said Janet Werker, a psychology professor at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver.

“There’s very strong evidence that at birth, full-term babies show strong preference for the language they heard in utero and the voice of their mother over other women,” she said.

But it’s not clear if the mother’s voice is the only important one, since exposure to other voices could be just as critical, Werker added.

For this latest study, the researchers chose a group of premature babies who were born at 25 to 32 weeks. Nineteen were randomly assigned to hear the normal noises of the hospital, while 21 heard recordings of the voices and heartbeats of their mothers. The second group listened to the recordings for three hours a day.

http://consumer.healthday.com/cognitive-health-information-26/brain-health-news-80/mother-s-voice-may-help-hearing-centers-in-babies-brains-grow-696746.html

Cow and Bee: Diet for Pregnancy and Childhood : Blood-Brain barrier and Gut

Cow and Bee to Save Our Sanity
Cow and Bee to Save Our Sanity

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Part 1 Diet regime for children and pregnancy
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Some facts from cultural practices related to pregnancy and childhood care.

1) There is an Ayurvedic sutra which prescribes 4 types of rice preparation for pregnant women. Out of which, curd-rice is considered the best. It is said that, if Garbhini eats curd-rice daily, the child will develop unimagined Medha buddhi (intellect) which is enough to understand and realize all 4 Veda(s) (Mind you: To realize even 1 hymn of Veda is super hard work for ordinary minds like us).
2) In last three months of pregnancy, Ayurveda prescribes increased amount of ghee. This is the same time when neural development, neuron network development happens in brain at highly rapid speed.
3) For child below age7, ghee and honey are most important food items. Needless to maintain chaas (butter milk) and Curd (dahi). This is the also highly active brain development period.
Dahi, butter milk, Ghee, Honey – They all are carrier of healthy bacteria. They all are in fact full of healthy bacteria. They are full of prana Shakti which can help healthy bacteria to establish in Gut.
Now, let us understand latest research findings.

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Part 2 Blood–brain barrier & GUT
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Gut and Brain barrier
Gut and Brain barrier

The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective permeability barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain extracellular fluid (BECF) in the central nervous system (CNS).

The findings suggest that a woman’s diet or exposure to antibiotics during pregnancy may influence the development of this barrier.

The blood–brain barrier may prevent the entry of lipophilic, potential neurotoxins by way of an active transport mechanism mediated by P-glycoprotein and allows only water, some gases, and lipid soluble molecules by passive diffusion, as well as the selective transport of molecules such as glucose and amino acids that are crucial to neural function.

Germ-free mice even have leaky blood-brain barriers as adults. But those leaks closed after the researchers gave the animals the microbes from normal mice for 2 weeks, Pettersson says.

In short, it is most critical filter designed by Mother Nature. Better the barrier, less chances of impaired brain development.

Leaky BBB allows toxins, pathogens and other non-useful molecules to pass the barrier and cause damage to brain. Damage to brain means inability to serve the mind. This may lead to following diseases.
• Meningitis
• Brain abscess
• Epilepsy
• Multiple sclerosis
• Neuromyelitis optica
• Late-stage neurological trypanosomiasis (Sleeping sickness)
• Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
• De Vivo disease
• Alzheimer’s disease
• Cerebral edema

As per latest research [1], healthy gut bacteria repairs leaks in BBB and protects brain from all outside toxins.

Now re-read part 1 and draw your conclusion.

Ghee, Dahi, Milk, Chass, Honey in diet of pregnant mother, lactating mother and child -> Healthy GUT -> Better BBB -> Healthy brain development for a child.
Conclusion: Without Gau mata, it is impossible to imagine citizens of future with adequate abilities to live self-reliant life.

Concluding thoughts and hints for future research:

• For the future of our children, find Gau shala nearby and start worshipping gau mata (Take care of her. Do her seva)
• Use only her Prasad (Milk, ghee, Dahi, gobar, mutra) in diet. This exclude dairy products. Dairy is a greatest sin of our society.
• Provide pure Ghee, Dahi, Milk, Chass, Honey to all pregnant mothers in our society. There is no great charity than this in my humble opinion.
• Just for your reference, I have witnessed my friend curing several brain disorders (Headache, migraine, Epilepsy) cases by Gau ghee based medicines. Doctors should use this treatment to cure Epilepsy & Meningitis which are now common among children age below 5.
• Avoid Antibiotics. If not avoidable in extreme situation, take jaggery water / dahi / ghee in diet during antibiotic course.


Supporting Research


Body’s bacteria may keep our brains healthy

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2014/11/bodys-bacteria-may-keep-our-brains-healthy

The microbes that live in your body outnumber your cells 10 to one. Recent studies suggest these tiny organisms help us digest food and maintain our immune system. Now, researchers have discovered yet another way microbes keep us healthy: They are needed for closing the blood-brain barrier, a molecular fence that shuts out pathogens and molecules that could harm the brain.

The studies showed that the blood-brain barrier typically forms a tight seal a little more than 17 days into development. Antibodies infiltrated the brains of all the embryos younger than 17 days, but they continued to enter the brains of embryos of germ-free mothers well beyond day 17, the team reports online today in Science Translational Medicine. Embryos from germ-free mothers also had fewer intact gap junction proteins, and gap junction protein genes in their brains were less active, which may explain the persistent leakiness. (The researchers didn’t look at the mice’s guts.)

Germ-free mice even have leaky blood-brain barriers as adults. But those leaks closed after the researchers gave the animals the microbes from normal mice for 2 weeks, Pettersson says.

But how? In the gut, bacteria may influence the gut wall’s integrity through one of their byproducts, energy-laden molecules called short-chain fatty acids. So Pettersson and his colleagues infected germ-free mice with either bacteria that made these fatty acids or ones that did not. The blood-brain barrier improved only when the bacteria made these fatty acids, Pettersson says. He thinks that these molecules may get into the blood and stimulate gene activity that leads to the closure of the barrier.

The gut microbiota influences blood-brain barrier permeability in mice

http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/6/263/263ra158

Pivotal to brain development and function is an intact blood-brain barrier (BBB), which acts as a gatekeeper to control the passage and exchange of molecules and nutrients between the circulatory system and the brain parenchyma. The BBB also ensures homeostasis of the central nervous system (CNS). We report that germ-free mice, beginning with intrauterine life, displayed increased BBB permeability compared to pathogen-free mice with a normal gut flora. The increased BBB permeability was maintained in germ-free mice after birth and during adulthood and was associated with reduced expression of the tight junction proteins occludin and claudin-5, which are known to regulate barrier function in endothelial tissues. Exposure of germ-free adult mice to a pathogen-free gut microbiota decreased BBB permeability and up-regulated the expression of tight junction proteins. Our results suggest that gut microbiota–BBB communication is initiated during gestation and propagated throughout life.

 

Science of sUtikA gRRiha vs Modern Hospital, Gut Bacteria, Antibiotics

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Child birth
Child birth

For 1000s of years, we had practice of child birth at honme. सूतिका गृह  was prepared and managed for child birth. There were specifications for it. Panchgavya was part of the setup. (Cow dung, urine,milk, ghee,curd). Honey was part of the setup. Ghee lamp too. Everything to instill healthy Prana and yet keep the environment like womb.

The antibiotics given to many killed mother’s bacteria, and bacteria in NICU took over

This is very simple. Common sense. When child comes out from the sterile protected womb ( actually it is not sterile but modern medicine’s dogmas say so), it will be nurtured by the Prana of the mother and the local environment where it is born.

In our local villages practices, there is no mass-assembly like place for newborns and infants. Instead, they (mother, infant and caretaker – just three) live in highly customized सूतिका गृह for 1 to 3 to 6 months. No issue like what is mentioned in this article.

There are specifications mentioned in Ayurvedic Samhitas about architecture and facilities for सूतिका गृह. It demands research efforts from us. गौ-गोबर,घी,दही,मूत्र,दूध – without them, it is difficult to build healthy and life-enriching सूतिका गृह (As I read so far – this is my conclusion)

Till 80s, children used to take birth at home and the doctor / helper visit individual home for delivery.

We have now forced the alteration in this common sense practice.
Now, child is delivered in hospitals. So sterile Prana of newborn is out of control from birth. We really don’t have any control!

“Babies typically get their gut bacteria from their mothers during childbirth. Premature infants, however, receive antibiotics during their first week of life to prevent infections, and these antibiotics eliminate many of the microbes the infants receive from their mothers.

As a result, microbes from the NICU colonize the digestive tracts of premature infants, the University of California, Berkeley, researchers found.”

My suggestions (Even my son did not receive this better treatment 🙁 due to lack of common sense then 🙁

1) Prefer home-based delivery ( This is impossible in current scenario as doctor won’t agree with it and there is hardly art of traditional care exist in society)

2) Prefer small clinics with no general purpose rooms. (Rooms exclusively used for newborn and mothers). Smaller the facility (small does not mean lack of coziness but low no of beds), lower the chances of unpredicted microbes occupying newborn GUT.


Research


Gut Bacteria in Preemies Altered by Hospital Stay, Study Finds

https://consumer.healthday.com/caregiving-information-6/hospital-news-393/gut-bacteria-in-preemies-altered-by-hospital-stay-study-finds-684245.html

The antibiotics given to many killed mother’s bacteria, and bacteria in NICU took over

Gut bacteria in premature infants don’t come from their mothers, but from microbes in the neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU), a new study finds.

Babies typically get their gut bacteria from their mothers during childbirth. Premature infants, however, receive antibiotics during their first week of life to prevent infections, and these antibiotics eliminate many of the microbes the infants receive from their mothers.

As a result, microbes from the NICU colonize the digestive tracts of premature infants, the University of California, Berkeley, researchers found.

The researchers swabbed the most-touched surfaces in an NICU and collected fecal samples from two premature infants in the unit. The surfaces checked for microbes included the sink; feeding and breathing tubes; the hands of health workers and parents; incubator access knobs; and keyboards, cell phones and other electronic equipment at the nurses’ station.

The researchers found that the gut bacteria in the two infants were similar to those found on the surfaces in the intensive-care unit. The most abundant types of gut bacteria in the infants were similar to those found on feeding and breathing tubes.

The study was published recently in the journal Microbiome.

“The most common species found in our study — Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli and Bacteroides fragilis — all have been associated with disease in preterm infants, but can also be commonly isolated from healthy infants and adults,” study author Brandon Brooks said in a journal news release.

“The strains found here are largely opportunistic, lacking many of the really nasty genes found in ‘outbreak’ versions of their respective strains,” Brooks said. “The bacteria would need to be further tested to fully understand [any potential threat].”

Con Cough Syrup : Ban on popular syrup, too risky for children

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I was recently listening well-known pediatrician’s lectures (DR Yashwant amdekar from Mumbai). In one of the lectures, he said “Cough syrup is useless. It never works.”

Now, there is circular by The American Academy of Pediatrics is urging parents and health providers to stop giving codeine, well-known cough syrup, to children!

Sharing old note on different but most abused cough syrup i.e. Dextromethorphan

Cough is Nature’s mechanism to expel what is not meant to be in our lungs. So must we suppress a cough? No! (Except certain conditions) I will share here in future, cough management in children.

PS: Dextromethorphan and codeine, both are antitussive (cough suppressant) drugs but different. Ban is on codeine. However, Dextromethorphan is also ineffective and mere placebo.

Cough Syrup?
Cough Syrup?

Dextromethorphan is an antitussive (cough suppressant) drug. It is most abused drug for dry nocturnal cough in pediatric patients in india and usa as per my pediatrics friends. It is one of the active ingredients in many over-the-counter cold and cough medicines, including generic labels and store brands, Benylin DM, Mucinex DM, Robitussin, NyQuil, Dimetapp, Vicks, Coricidin, Delsym, TheraFlu, and others.

Recent (7 years old! 🙂 ) study paper was discussed in pediatrics conference last week by top pediatricians of the Nation. And I feel it as a welcome sign when my ped doc friends are discussing and sincerely thinking to replace Dextromethorphan by honey. I appreciate their brave baby step.

So many future kids will receive true form healing without side effects of idiotic chemical pharma medicines!

They were stunned when I shared with them that 1 year or more old honey will act like a magic pill! 🙂. They never heard of potency date of the medicine. They were taught expiry dates only 🙂.


Research


 

AAP Report Says Codeine Too Risky For Kids, Urges Restrictions on Use

https://www.aap.org/en-us/about-the-aap/aap-press-room/Pages/AAP-Report-Says-Codeine-Too-Risky-For-Kids-Urges-Restrictions-on-Use.aspx?nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3a+No+local+token

The American Academy of Pediatrics is urging parents and health providers to stop giving codeine to children, calling for more education about its risks and restrictions on its use in patients under age 18. A new AAP clinical report in the October 2016 issue of Pediatrics, “Codeine: Time to Say `No,’” cites continued use of the drug in pediatric settings despite growing evidence linking the common painkiller to life-threatening or fatal breathing reactions.

An opioid drug used for decades in prescription pain medicines and over-the-counter cough formulas, codeine is converted by the liver into morphine. Because of genetic variability in how quickly an individual’s body breaks down the drug, it provides inadequate relief for some patients while having too strong an effect on others.  Certain individuals, especially children and those with obstructive sleep apnea, are “ultra-rapid metabolizers” and may experience severely slowed breathing rates or even die after taking standard doses of codeine.

 

Codeine: Time To Say “No”

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2016/09/15/peds.2016-2396

Codeine has been prescribed to pediatric patients for many decades as both an analgesic and an antitussive agent. Codeine is a prodrug with little inherent pharmacologic activity and must be metabolized in the liver into morphine, which is responsible for codeine’s analgesic effects. However, there is substantial genetic variability in the activity of the responsible hepatic enzyme, CYP2D6, and, as a consequence, individual patient response to codeine varies from no effect to high sensitivity. Drug surveillance has documented the occurrence of unanticipated respiratory depression and death after receiving codeine in children, many of whom have been shown to be ultrarapid metabolizers. Patients with documented or suspected obstructive sleep apnea appear to be at particular risk because of opioid sensitivity, compounding the danger among rapid metabolizers in this group. Recently, various organizations and regulatory bodies, including the World Health Organization, the US Food and Drug Administration, and the European Medicines Agency, have promulgated stern warnings regarding the occurrence of adverse effects of codeine in children. These and other groups have or are considering a declaration of a contraindication for the use of codeine for children as either an analgesic or an antitussive. Additional clinical research must extend the understanding of the risks and benefits of both opioid and nonopioid alternatives for orally administered, effective agents for acute and chronic pain.

Effect of honey, dextromethorphan, and no treatment on nocturnal cough and sleep quality for coughing children and their parents.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18056558

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To compare the effects of a single nocturnal dose of buckwheat honey or honey-flavored dextromethorphan (DM) with no treatment on nocturnal cough and sleep difficulty associated with childhood upper respiratory tract infections.

DESIGN:

A survey was administered to parents on 2 consecutive days, first on the day of presentation when no medication had been given the prior evening and then the next day when honey, honey-flavored DM, or no treatment had been given prior to bedtime according to a partially double-blinded randomization scheme.

SETTING:

A single, outpatient, general pediatric practice.

PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred five children aged 2 to 18 years with upper respiratory tract infections, nocturnal symptoms, and illness duration of 7 days or less.

INTERVENTION:

A single dose of buckwheat honey, honey-flavored DM, or no treatment administered 30 minutes prior to bedtime.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Cough frequency, cough severity, bothersome nature of cough, and child and parent sleep quality.

RESULTS:

Significant differences in symptom improvement were detected between treatment groups, with honey consistently scoring the best and no treatment scoring the worst. In paired comparisons, honey was significantly superior to no treatment for cough frequency and the combined score, but DM was not better than no treatment for any outcome. Comparison of honey with DM revealed no significant differences.

CONCLUSIONS:

In a comparison of honey, DM, and no treatment, parents rated honey most favorably for symptomatic relief of their child’s nocturnal cough and sleep difficulty due to upper respiratory tract infection. Honey may be a preferable treatment for the cough and sleep difficulty associated with childhood upper respiratory tract infection.

मातृप्राण (Maternal Microbes) drives immunity development

In my native culture, pregnant mothers are asked to eat ghee based food during last trimester. Along with it, curd rice.

PregnancyFood

I am sure similar regimes must exist in all cultures who prefer intellectually and physically strong generations. Ask your grandmother, she can guide. Her is the last generation with traditional legacies.

Ghee and Curd when produced from Zebu cattle (Indian breed), it is rich in GUT-friendly microbes. Healthy food for mother ==> Good immunity of child. This is because Zebu cattle’s physiology allows her to transform maximum प्राण from the Sun.

Basically, everything sums up as Prana.

प्राणवान mother = Child with great immunity. प्राण is cellular intelligence that helps to identify and act upon non-self matters and purge them.

Ghee and Curd are full of प्राण.

“During gestation, a mother’s microbiome shapes the immune system of her offspring, a new study in mice suggests. While it’s known that a newborn’s gut microbiota can affect its own immune system, the impact of a mother’s microbiota on her offspring has largely been unexplored.”


Research


https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-03/aaft-mmi031416.php

Mom’s microbes influence her offspring’s immune system, mice study shows

 Credit Mercedes Gomez de Agüero, Stephanie Ganal-Vonarburg, Kathy D. McCoy, and Andrew J. Macpherson

Credit
Mercedes Gomez de Agüero, Stephanie Ganal-Vonarburg, Kathy D. McCoy, and Andrew J. Macpherson

During gestation, a mother’s microbiome shapes the immune system of her offspring, a new study in mice suggests. While it’s known that a newborn’s gut microbiota can affect its own immune system, the impact of a mother’s microbiota on her offspring has largely been unexplored. Here, Mercedes Gomez de Agüero et al. infected the guts of pregnant mice with E.coli engineered to dwindle over time, allowing the mothers to become germ-free again around the time they gave birth. This temporary colonization of E.coli in the mother affected the immune system of her offspring; after birth, the offspring harbored more innate lymphoid and mononuclear cells in their intestines compared to mice born to microbe-free pregnant mothers. Similar results were seen when pregnant mothers were temporarily colonized with a cocktail of eight other microbes. An RNA analysis of offspring born to gestation-only colonized mothers compared with controls revealed greater expression of numerous genes, including those that influence cell division and differentiation, mucus and ion channels, and metabolism and immune function. By transferring serum from bacteria-colonized pregnant mice to non-colonized pregnant mice, the researchers found that maternal antibodies likely facilitate the transmission and retention of microbial molecules from a mother to her offspring. The results of this study add another surprising chapter to the growing body of literature surrounding the effects of the gut microbiota on immune functioning.

Too much, too early : Early Schooling

Child-Early-Education
Child-Early-Education Img src: http://educationarticle.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/Child-Early-Education.jpg

 

When I tell my peers, friends and family that ideal age to start education is around 7, they laugh on me. (I shared on this online forum several times)

When I explain them the reason behind Sacred Thread ceremony (Yagnopavit/Janoi – which is unfortunately have become symbol of one community only.) as a mark of beginning of the study, which is around same age 7, they laugh on me.

Admitting child to formal education too early is colonial legacy which Britishers introduced to produce obedient slaves. But even in UK, there is anger against damage caused by early school admission.

“The fear is that the English system, introduced in 1870, is now causing profound damage”

If we consider the contribution of play to children’s development as learners, and the harm caused by starting formal learning at 4 to 5 years old, the evidence for a later start is very persuasive.

For your school going kids below age 7 – be carefree! Don’t give them stress! If they don’t want to go school, it is fine! Let them enjoy the rhythms!


Research : England and a few other countries start formal education at age 4 or 5. That’s harmful and misguided


https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22029435-000-too-much-too-young-should-schooling-start-at-age-7/

Article at newscientist writes:

This would bring it in line with the overwhelming evidence showing that starting school later is best, and the practice in many countries, such as Sweden and Finland. These countries have better academic achievement and child well-being, despite children not starting school until age 7.
The fear is that the English system – which was introduced in 1870 in order to get women back into work, rather than on the basis of any educational benefit to children – is now causing profound damage. A similar story applies in the rest of the UK, and there is pressure for greater formality in preschools in other countries, such as the US.
This evidence comes from anthropological, psychological, neuroscientific and educational studies. For example, research on children’s play in extant hunter-gatherer societies, and evolutionary psychology studies of other mammalian young, have identified play as an adaptation that enabled early humans to become powerful learners and problem-solvers.
Neuroscientific studies have supported this view of play as a central mechanism in learning. The 2009 book The Playful Brain: Venturing to the limits of neuroscience, for example, reviewed many studies showing that playful activity leads to the growth of more connections between neurons, particularly in the frontal lobe – the part of the brain responsible for uniquely human higher mental functions.
Experimental psychology has consistently demonstrated the superior learning and motivation arising from playful, as opposed to instructional, approaches to early education.
 Yet another study, in 2002, demonstrated that, by the end of their sixth year in school, children in the US whose preschool learning had been academically directed achieved significantly lower marks compared with those who had attended play-based programmes.

 

 

Hyper-sexual Media and Child Development

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Hyper

In the contemporary media landscape, images of highly sexualized little girls and childified images of adult women run together seamlessly. Everywhere we see grown women and little girls in the same fetishized clothing, in the same poses, with the same facial expressions. In fact, bollywood and other local movies also sexualize young girls (by showing vulgar songs in school uniforms. Remember Dj Doll feat Deepal Shaw?). There are fashion shows arranged by schools where little girls do catwalk in adult clothes. Of course, you cannot forget flood of kids reality shows that pops up every evening.

As images of young girls continue to morph into a pornified mold, so too do many of the images and products being sold to young girls in form of teen magazines.Marketing of adult products and teen attitude to younger and younger kids is increasing. Little girls are sold products like costumes, makeup and even bras to help them look more mature.

According to the American Psychological Association, self-objectification is “a key process whereby girls learn to think of and treat their own bodies as objects of others’ desires.” More specifically, a girl must “internalize the male gaze” . . . so the constant question is not just “how do I look?” but “how do I look to him?”

Between 2002 and 2003, the number of girls aged 18 and under getting breast implants tripled, from 3,872 to 11,326.[1]

The pressures start ever earlier. Highly sexualized practices like shaving and waxing pubic hair are now marketed to girls who are barely old enough to have pubic hair.

What are the effects of self-objectification on girls? The evidence is in, and it’s very strong. According to a 2007 report by the American Psychological Association . . .

– lowers self-esteem
– increases risk of depression and eating disorders
– increases vigilance and “body monitoring”
– increases body dissatisfaction (shame, disgust)
– decreases sexual health (condom use, assertiveness)
– impairs mental function and academic performance

If you are angel’s father/mother – save her from this invisible objectification. Don’t become victim of market forces.

PS: . . . it’s not as if boys are being left to themselves. From cartoons and superheroes to video games and gangsta rap, boys almost from birth are being sold a detached, callous, and often violent hypermasculinity . . .

[1] Washington Post, 10/26/04 (data from American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)

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This is so pervasive now (outside entertainment domain) that even educated parents whom I talk to, do not want to understand nature and motive of this slow poison.

I was not aware about world wide scenario but as I read more on this subject, it becomes clear that global model of objectification of females is now being pushed hard in relatively conservative Indian households.

For example, this is BMW ad for used cars – shocking!

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Vata Prakop : Cracked heels

PS: Young married couple: If you see any of Vata symptom in each other, treat it before you plan for progeny. This is to unnecessary avoid Vata as birth Prakruti.

Vayu Prakop - Normal in middle age
Vayu Prakop – Normal in middle age

Cracked heels (Benign Vipadika) is a symptom of Vata Prakop. Vipadika is a common disorder of skin which affects the people irrespective of age and sex. It is not limited to any particular class in the society. Its signs and symptoms according to charaka are pani pada sphutana and teevra vedana.

This used to be middle age symptom indicating gradual increase of Vata with aging. But now a days, I see college going youth suffering from this – Clear indication of untimely and early onset of aggravated Vata.

When it becomes prolonged or spread in entire body, we call it कुष्ठ / Leprosy.

Solution:

1) Apply warm sesame oil or ghee cooked with turmeric and hareettaki.
2) Soak the feet in warm salt water daily for 5-10 mins
3) Apply mixture of castor oil and turmeric on cracks
4) Apply mixture of castor oil and turmeric + Triphala on cracks

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