Biodiversity

Biodiversity

Humans as Superorganisms: How Microbes, Viruses, Imprinted Genes shapes Our Behavior

You will be assimilated. Resistance is futile.
—The Borg, Star Trek: The Next Generation

For entire last century and till now, we were groomed with a high human EGO. We are educated to see illusion of our body separate from the world. This delusion did not just went against our health but also developed destructive ideas which are right now creating havoc on earth.

What is the way ahead?

Break the illusion and develop new insight about our existence i.e. Human as a super-organism complex.

To understand better, consider beehive as super-organism. Anthill as super-organism. They do share their social decisions. They do work like one entity.

Img src: http://darwinian-medicine.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/modern-lifestyle-microbiome.jpg
Img src: http://darwinian-medicine.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/modern-lifestyle-microbiome.jpg

Unbeknownst to many people, our emotions, cognition, behavior, and mental health are influenced by a large number of entities that reside in our bodies while pursuing their own interests, which need not coincide with ours. Such entities include microbes, viruses, foreign human cells, and imprinted genes regulated by virus like elements. This article provides a broad overview, aimed at a wide readership, of the consequences of our coexistence with these entities. Its aim is to show that we are not unitary individuals in control of ourselves but rather “holobionts” or superorganisms—meant here as collections of human and nonhuman elements that are to varying degrees integrated and, in an incessant struggle, jointly define who we are.

Read this[1] research paper and learn to self with different outlook. I bet, if you alter your outlook towards self and others, we will have far better life than what we have right now. Take care.
If I take opportunity to connect the dots, as per Ayurveda, this body is nothing but infinite rhythms (नाड़ी) working together based on Pranic Intelligence (प्राणमय शरीर). Many of such rhythms form cells-complex and organs and many remain as separate organisms like microbes, viruses etc. Ultimately, it is प्राण that is controlling the physical body.

[1] Do read this: http://www.psy.unipd.it/~kramer/files/KramerBressan2015.pdf

In computer engineering, I learned bottom up approach. Just like that, we emerge as 1 single universe. 1 Mind divided into many…and that goes on to the infinity level. 🙂

Our body is just one state in between. 🙂 (Y)

So you and me, we all, are related. Are actually one super-organism like how trillions+ microbes and worms are part of each one of us.

And when some of the microbes forget their duty towards super-organism i.e. our body, we get sickness, same way, when some of us forget duties towards the universe,yet another state of super-organism, we get pollution, wars, weapons etc.

http://dailynous.com/2015/07/24/we-are-not-human-individuals/

 

Microbes and Svadharma

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Relation between I and my bacterial friends (Bacteria residing on my body)
===================================================

Being धार्मिक = Promote symbiosis but respect differences

symbiotic-relationship
symbiotic-relationship

The term biologists use for our relations with Bacteria is ‘Amphibiosis’. A symbiotic relationship that under certain circumstances can be helpful and other circumstances can be harmful, with the helpful and harmful aspects referring to either host or symbiont.

The term we use for this “Dharmic Relation”. In dharmic relation, each participant is following own dharma. Own duty towards the integrity of the cellular complex called ‘Body’. Sometimes, cells forget their duty. When cells forget duty, it is important for rest of the dharmic*** body cells to purge them. Sometimes, bacteria(s) do not do their duty so immune system flush them from body. Sometimes, by accident or bad habits of ours, non-compatible life forms enter into body. For example, कृमि worms. Most of the times, such non-compatible disturbances happen when our ego “I” forgets to perform duties. For example, eat food anytime of the day. Now this disturbs the digestion cycle. So cells are are over-stressed. Some of them die prematurely. To purge them, bacteria play role. And we call it bacterial infection. Except us, with free will, everyone else in the nature has instinct driven will or in other words, mother nature drives them. So they always remain धार्मिक. It is our Ego who has to remain धार्मिक to maintain the optimum body state. We can do it by following local culture since it is evolved life routine to maintain symbiotic relation with others in same environment.

***Dharmic (धार्मिक) = The one who follows own dharma.

*** What is dharma?
Dharma has the Sanskrit root dhri, which means “that which upholds” or “that without which nothing can stand” or “that which maintains the stability and harmony of the universe.” Dharma encompasses the natural, innate behavior of things, duty, law, ethics, virtue, etc. Every entity in the cosmos has its particular dharma — from the electron, which has the dharma to move in a certain manner, to the clouds, galaxies, plants, insects, and of course, man.

Loggers outside (Power Saw Storm), loggers inside (Antibiotics Storm)

Img src: https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-hAv3iDjG2vA/VQVYZwyqVbI/AAAAAAAABNc/J9RdWW-T5vc/w2048-h1536/9004Q.jpg
Img src: https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-hAv3iDjG2vA/VQVYZwyqVbI/AAAAAAAABNc/J9RdWW-T5vc/w2048-h1536/9004Q.jpg
Internal Loggers : antibiotics Img src: http://thecompanion.in/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/antibiotics.jpg
Internal Loggers : antibiotics
Img src: http://thecompanion.in/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/antibiotics.jpg

This first photo from WWF is very popular meme explaining deforestation. Imagine a virgin forest in tropical area. Dense and full of life. From insects to primates. Richest diversity. Now imagine loggers moving in to cut the forest using chainsaw. Bulldozing 1000s of years of work by mother nature.

Yes, forest will regrow for sure. But never like before. Since reforestation efforts are manual, humane, it will not be complex and natural. Diversity will drop. Sensitive species will die out. Invaders will flourish.

Understand the risk of mindless deforestation by man-made machines? Dangerous, right?

Same thing happens when we take antibiotics. For the complex ecosystem of the gut, on a scale a million times tinier, the principle still stands. As we bulldoze native microbes in our body, unique GUT flora gifted to us by our mother, family members and home we live in, perish. But as I utter again and again, mother nature does not like vacuum, this empty GUT soon will be taken over again. But never like virgin forest. You may get unknown microbes. Some against your nature. Some altering your habits. Good or bad, you cannot predict. Antibiotic chainsaws and invasive pathogens pull apart the web of life that’s forged a balance through countless subtle interactions. If the destruction is large enough, the system cannot bounce back.

Not only antibiotics, unhealthy diet too is the cause. Eating food at unknown places. Eating from unknown cooks.

So for growing children, it is very critical to avoid antibiotics and unknown food. As much as possible.

Logger outside and loggers inside : Avoid. Or expect collapse, sooner or later. Of great intensity or lower. Your luck 🙂 Your kid’s luck. 🙂 Take care. (Y)

Prevention is the only cure. Keep body stress-free. Have good food. Sound sleep. No addictions. Early morning exercise. Evening walk in the woods. Happy moments with family. That is real medicine.

Lost Biodiversity, incompatible prana

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Biodiversity img src: http://businessbiodiversity.in/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/diversity.jpg
Biodiversity
img src: http://businessbiodiversity.in/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/diversity.jpg

Prana (प्राण) is gross form is Vayu with intelligence. When we destroy biodiversity, we make various forms of प्राण free radical. And with that, we invite unforeseen future of community sickness. From Ebola to Zika, this is primary reason.

In a recent[1] study titled “Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessment” , researchers notes: “Ecologists found that grasslands, savannas and shrublands were most affected by biodiversity loss, followed closely by many of the world’s forests and woodlands. They say the ability of biodiversity in these areas to support key ecosystem functions such as growth of living organisms and nutrient cycling has become increasingly uncertain.”

Land use and related pressures have reduced local terrestrial biodiversity, but it is unclear how the magnitude of change relates to the recently proposed planetary boundary (“safe limit”). We estimate that land use and related pressures have already reduced local biodiversity intactness—the average proportion of natural biodiversity remaining in local ecosystems—beyond its recently proposed planetary boundary across 58.1% of the world’s land surface, where 71.4% of the human population live. Biodiversity intactness within most biomes (especially grassland biomes), most biodiversity hotspots, and even some wilderness areas is inferred to be beyond the boundary. Such widespread transgression of safe limits suggests that biodiversity loss, if unchecked, will undermine efforts toward long-term sustainable development.

The Nipah virus in South Asia, and the closely related Hendra virus in Australia, both in the genus of henipah viruses, are the most urgent examples of how disrupting an ecosystem can cause disease. The viruses originated with flying foxes, Pteropus vampyrus, also known as fruit bats. They are messy eaters, no small matter in this scenario. They often hang upside down, looking like Dracula wrapped tightly in their membranous wings, and eat fruit by masticating the pulp and then spitting out the juices and seeds. [2]

The bats have evolved with henipah over millions of years, and because of this co-evolution, they experience little more from it than the fruit bat equivalent of a cold. But once the virus breaks out of the bats and into species that haven’t evolved with it, a horror show can occur, as one did in 1999 in rural Malaysia. It is likely that a bat dropped a piece of chewed fruit into a piggery in a forest. The pigs became infected with the virus, and amplified it, and it jumped to humans. It was startling in its lethality. Out of 276 people infected in Malaysia, 106 died, and many others suffered permanent and crippling neurological disorders. There is no cure or vaccine. Since then there have been 12 smaller outbreaks in South Asia. [2]
And to preserve biodiversity, no global program will help. We must act locally. Educate fellow community homes.

[1] http://science.sciencemag.org/content/353/6296/288

[2] http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/sunday-review/the-ecology-of-disease.html?smid=fb-share&_r=1

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