“Now we are beginning to find out that the Hindu Shastras also contain a Sanitary Code no less correct in principal, and that the great law-giver, Manu, was one of the greatest sanitary reformers the world has ever seen.”
-Lord Ampthill, 1905
“The Ancient Hindus attained as thorough a proficiency in medicine and surgery as any people whose acquisitions are recorded. This might be expected, because their patient attention and natural shrewdness would render them excellent observers, whilst the extent and fertility of their native country would furnish them with many valuable drugs and medicaments. Their diagnosis is said, in consequence, to define and distinguish symptoms with great accuracy, and their Materia Medica is most voluminous.”
– Professor Wilson
“In surgery, too, the Indians seem to have attained a special proficiency, and in this department, European surgeons might, perhaps, even at the present day still learn something from them, as indeed they have already borrowed from them the operation of rhinoplasty.”
– Mr. Weber
The surgery of the ancient Indian physicians was bold and skilful. They conducted amputations, arresting the bleeding by pressure, a cup-shaped bandage and boiling oil; practiced lithotomy ; performed operations in the abdomen and uterus ; cured hernia, fistula, piles ; set broken bones and dislocations ; and were dexterous in the ex-traction of foreign substances from the body. A special branch of surgery was devoted to rhinoplasty, or operation for improving deformed ears and noses and forming new ones, a useful operation which European surgeons have now borrowed. The ancient Indian surgeons also mention a cure for neuralgia, analogous to the modern cutting of the fifth nerve above the eyebrow. They devoted great care to the making of surgical instruments, and to the training of students by means of operations performed on wax spread on a board or on the tissues and cells of the vegetable kingdom, and upon dead animals. They were expert in midwifery, not shrinking from the most critical operations, and in the diseases of women and children. Their practice of physic embraced the classifications, causes, symptoms and treatment of diseases, diagnosis and prognosis. Considerable advances were also made in veterinary science, and monographs exist on the diseases of horses, elephants, etc.”
Last week, I share a link that explained how mercury causes homo-sexuality, I thought to do some more research to find solutions as our environment is now full heavy metals due to industrialized civilization.
From cosmetics to processed food to vaccine, everything is loaded with some form of mercury.
What should be our strategy to combat heavy metal infusion in our life?
First thing that came to my mind was : Ayurveda.
In Ayurveda, mercury is used as medicine. So I thought to dig down and find out how exactly mercury is used?
Later, I also investigated how modern medicine treats mercury poisoning.
पारद – mercury
From रस जल निधि
Let begin by presenting pages explaining evil effects of mercury from Rasa Jala Nidhi book as is.
I cannot write entire treatise here but I will try to share highlights of importance of mercury in Ancient Rasayana Shashtra. In future, I will try to write more notes on ancient chemistry.
Parada when itself killed (reduced to ashes) , becomes a killer of all diseases and death!
It kills diseases when itself in a state of swoon (transformed by sulfur).
Mercury is compared to
Brahma in purification state
Vishnu in swoon state (with sulfur)
Rudra in dead state
Maheshwara in solidificaiton state
There are five types of mercury found in soil, based on type of the soil 
Rasa – Red, free from all harms, destroyer of dieseases – found in Swarga (Northen hemisphere?)
Resendra – free from defects , black and coarse and very subtle. Naga people attained lack of old age with its help
Suta – yellow and coarse – full of poisons – requires 18 purification steps before using it.
Parad – White / Silver – full of poisons – 18 purification steps requires
Mishraka – peocock complexion – 18 purification steps needed before use
There are several methods to purify mercury. One of them caught my eyes is where cow urine is needed!
Remember – When it (mercury) is killed, it can kill any diseases. The correct form of mercury prescribed is bhashma!
What is general procedure to prepare Bhashma?
The name bhasma is generally applied to all metallic and nonmetallic substances that are subjected to the process of incineration and reduction to ash. Here it is applied to the metals, minerals, and animal products that are, by special processes, calcinated in closed crucibles in pits with cow dung cakes.
Please note – Bhashma preparation is incomplete without cow dung cakes!
In Ayurveda, purification is called Sodhana. Shodhana is the process through which the external and internal impurities of metals and minerals are removed. Chemical purification is different from medicinal purification. In chemical purification it is only elimination of foreign matters, whereas in medicinal purification the objects are involved in the
1. Elimination of harmful matter from the drug
2. Modification of undesirable physical properties of the drug
3. Conversion of some of the characteristics of the drug to different stages
4. Enhancement of the therapeutic action
Sodhana requires Gau mutra!
After Sodhana, Marana is performed. Here, Cow-ghee is used for many metals. I still need to confirm for mercury.
For Marana, cow-dung is must! A pit is dug in an open space and half the pit is filled with dried cow dung cakes. The cru cibles are placed in the half-filled pit and are covered with cow dung cakes up to the brim of the pit. Fire is then ignited on all four sides and in the middle of the pit. When the burning is over, the contents are allowed to cool completely on their own. Marana differs with the nature of the substance to be calcinated.
Note down – Dry Cow dung cakes. Ashes. Carbon.
In short, without cow urine and dung, purification of mercury is not possible.
Rasa Jala Nidhi is the reference book.
Mercury chelation by modern science
Outside the body, several well-known compounds demonstrate strong affinity for mercury, including activated carbon charcoal, sulfur, and selenium.
carbon – cow dung ash
Sulfur – is must as per Ayurveda for purification of mercury
Important sulfhy-dryl compounds in various bodily processes involving antioxidant protection and DNA transcription include the sulfur-containing amino acids cystine, cysteine, methionine, and taurine. You get them naturally in food when the food is grown using cow manure and urine!
When you use cow dung ash for brushing the teeth, some portion is absorbed and digested. Unknowingly, it helps in mercury chelation!
Cow urine is full of sulfur oxides! Helps in catching mercury! See Papers section 
Even environmental mercury can be handled by cow dung and urine! See papers section 
In our chaotic times, only feasible and affordable detox solution we have is help from Gau prasad (urine, dung, ghee)
 Efficacy of cow urine distillate in combating mercury induced toxicity in commercial broilers
Present study was designed to investigate the beneficial and curative effect of cow urine distillate in modulating toxic effect of mercury in chickens. Twenty four, day old, broiler chicks were procured and reared in battery brooders for a week and then divided into four groups of six chicks each. Group I birds were fed with standard feed served as control. Group II birds were administered with cow urine distillate @ 1 ml/bird/day. Group III birds received mercuric chloride @ 50 ppm mixed with feed whereas, group IV birds received mercuric chloride @ 50 ppm in feed along with cow urine distillate @ 1 ml/bird/day. The birds given mercuric chloride (group III) showed significant decrease in the level of haemoglobin, packed cell volume, total erythrocyte count and erythrocytic indices. The values of serum enzymes, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and glucose were significantly elevated whereas the level of serum proteins declined. Group IV birds receiving cow urine distillate along with mercuric chloride did not show any toxic effects of the mercuric chloride and the haematological and biochemical parameters remained near normal range. The beneficial effect of cow urine distillate in combating toxic effects of mercuric chloride was evident as there was neither decrease in erythrocytic indices nor elevation of serum enzymes, glucose, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine in group IV birds.
 Remediation Studies Of Heavy Metal Ions Cd, Pb And Hg From Its Solutions By Precipitating Out With Natural Biological Fluid Cows (Bosindicus) Urine And Subsequent Analysis Of Filtrate By ICP-AES And GC-MS Analysis.
 Mercury chemisorption by sulfur adsorbed in porous materials
The sorption of mercury vapor by adsorbed sulfur in the zeolites CaA (= 5A) and NaX (=13X) and two types of active carbon has been measured at a temperature of 50°C. With increasing degree of micropore filling by sulfur the fraction of sulfur accessible to mercury atoms decreased for CaA and NaX. The sulfur chemisorbed on carbon (only less than 0.05 g sulfur per g) is not very active for mercury chemisorption. The mercury uptake shows a sharp maximum as a function of the amount of sorbed sulfur in the case of CaA, NaX and activated sugar charcoal. The oxidation rate of H2S with oxygen on NaX and activated sugar charcoal correlates with the capacity for mercury chemisorption, both as a function of the amount of sorbed sulfur. From the amount of sorbed mercury an estimate of the specific sulfur surface area may be given. When sulfur impregnated CaA, NaX or activated sugar charcoal are used as adsorbents for mercury traces out of gas streams, the mercury sorption capacity may be maximized by using materials with a micropore volume approximately half filled with sulfur.
 Bioremediation of Pharmaceuticals, Pesticides, and Petrochemicals with Gomeya/Cow Dung
Use and misuse of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and petrochemicals by man is causing havoc with nature, as they persist as such or as their toxic metabolites. These pollutants bioaccumulate in environment, and they ultimately reach man through various means. They are hazardous because of potential toxicity, mutagenicity, carcinogenicity, and genotoxicity. To rejuvenate nature, remediation methods currently available are usually expensive and might convert one toxic pollutant to another. Bioremediation methods use naturally occurring microorganisms to detoxify man-made pollutants so that they change pollutants to innocuous products that make soil fertile in the process. Taking cue from Ayurveda, Gomeya/cow dung is used as an excellent bioremediation method. Thus, utilizing freely available cow dung as slurry or after composting in rural areas, is a cheap and effective measure to bioremediate the harmful pollutants. Yet, more research in this direction is warranted to bioremediate nonbiodegradable, potentially toxic pollutants.
 Current status of cow dung as a bioresource for sustainable development
Cow dung, an excreta of bovine animal, is a cheap and easily available bioresource on our planet. Many traditional uses of cow dung such as burning as fuel, mosquito repellent and as cleansing agent are already known in India. Cow dung harbours a diverse group of microorganisms that may be beneficial to humans due to their ability to produce a range of metabolites. Along with the production of novel chemicals, many cow dung microorganisms have shown natural ability to increase soil fertility through phosphate solubilisation. Nowadays, there is an increasing research interest in developing the applications of cow dung microorganisms for biofuel production and management of environmental pollutants. This review focuses on recent findings being made on cow dung that could be harnessed for usage in different areas such as medicine, agriculture and industry.
 Sequestering heavy metals from wastewater using cow dung
The presence of heavy metals (e.g., Zn, Cu, Pb, Ni, Cd, etc.) in aqueous solutions constitutes a major environmental problem. The present work represents a review of the recently published literature discussing the use of cow dung as adsorbent for the removal of metal ions from aqueous solution using batch experiments. The potential health and environmental hazards of metal ions in addition to the kinetic and isothermal models usually assessed to fit the biosorption experimental data were also reviewed. Conclusively, it was established that the use of cow dung is a promising adsorbent in the removal of heavy metals from waste waters and environment.
Laborers/Villagers/Generation before Toilet seat don’t get fat stomach. Officer-goers, armchair-intellectual do get. One strikingly different habit? Squatting.
Seven Advantages of Squatting
 Makes elimination faster, easier and more complete. This helps prevent “fecal stagnation,” a prime factor in colon cancer, appendicitis and inflammatory bowel disease.
 Protects the nerves that control the prostate, bladder and uterus from becoming stretched and damaged.
 Securely seals the ileocecal valve, between the colon and the small intestine. In the conventional sitting position, this valve is unsupported and often leaks during evacuation, contaminating the small intestine.
 Relaxes the puborectalis muscle which normally chokes the rectum in order to maintain continence.
 Uses the thighs to support the colon and prevent straining. Chronic straining on the toilet can cause hernias, diverticulosis, and pelvic organ prolapse.
 A highly effective, non-invasive treatment for hemorrhoids, as shown by published clinical research.
 For pregnant women, squatting avoids pressure on the uterus when using the toilet. Daily squatting helps prepare one for a more natural delivery.
Many modern doctor friends consider my posts bigoted and fanatic as I am firm on my stand that Ayurveda in its purest form is the supreme science of life. 🙂
Contrary to long-held beliefs, a new study shows that kidneys have the capacity to regenerate themselves.
One more example from Nephrology (The branch of medicine concerned with the kidney) .
May 16, 2014 : One year old news from Standford’s Stem cell institute says that adult kidneys constantly grow and remodel themselves, and how they do it.
“The kidney, incredibly, rejuvenates itself and continues to generate specialized kidney cells all the time.”
What they call this? “These are basic findings that have direct implications for kidney disease and kidney regeneration”
So this is just a basic from modern science.
On the other hand, vivid description of Kidney regeneration is well documented in ancient Ayurvedic texts. Not only that, there are herbs and procedures mentioned to accelerate Kidney regeneration in acute conditions. Without side effects :). It is popularly known as PUNARNAVA. (Unlike modern nephrologists who will prescribe you all unnecessary side effects!)
For more details, you can read below paper where sample drug is discussed.
1) Mishra J, Singh R. The effect of indigenous drug Boerhaavia diffusa on kidney regeneration. Indian J Pharmacol.
2) Book : The Kidney & Its Regeneration Singh, R.H. & Udupa, K.N.
All those who doubt Ayurveda and its efficacy, must read this book too:
“These are basic findings that have direct implications for kidney disease and kidney regeneration,” said Yuval Rinkevich, PhD, the lead author of the paper and a postdoctoral scholar at the institute.
The findings were published online May 15 in Cell Reports.
It has long been thought that kidney cells didn’t reproduce much once the organ was fully formed. The new research shows that the kidneys are regenerating and repairing themselves throughout life.
“This research tells us that the kidney is in no way a static organ,” said Benjamin Dekel, MD, PhD, a senior author of the paper and associate professor of pediatrics at Sackler, as well as head of the Pediatric Stem Cell Research Institute at the Sheba Medical Center in Israel. “The kidney, incredibly, rejuvenates itself and continues to generate specialized kidney cells all the time.”
Clinical efficacy of Gokshura-Punarnava Basti in the management of microalbuminuria in diabetes mellitus
Microalbuminuria is the strong predictor of diabetic nephropathy, which is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Microalbuminuria is also characterized by increased prevalence of arterial hypertension, proliferative retinopathy, and peripheral neuropathy. The study was planned to evaluate the effect of Gokshura-Punarnava Basti in the management of microalbuminuria in DM (Madhumeha). Eligible diabetic patients with urine albumin excretion between 30 and 300 mg in 24 h were randomly divided into two groups. Asthapana Basti (decoction enema) of Gokshura and Punarnava Kwatha (decoction), Kalka (paste), Taila (medicated oil), Madhu (honey), and Saindhava (rock salt) for 6 consecutive days and Anuvasana (unctuous enema) of Gokshura-Punarnava Taila on 1st and 8th day by traditional Basti Putaka method was given in study group. Tablet Enalapril 5 mg, twice daily for 30 days was given to the patients in control group. The primary outcome measures were percentage change in the presenting complaints of diabetes, urine microalbumin, Blood Sugar Level (BSL), and Blood Pressure (BP). Enalapril showed 33.33% improvement, where as Gokshura-Punarnava Basti showed 79.59% improvement in the presenting complaints of diabetes, urine microalbumin, BSL and BP. Gokshura-Punarnava Basti has shown superior results in the management of microalbuminuria in DM as compared to control drug.
Season change is very tricky time. Variation and hunger confusions. This lead to indigestion related ailments.
1) Eat light food. There is a range of festivals that suggest eating sweet light food during this season (Month Sept to Nov). From Kheer to Barfi, step by step.
2) And if at all, stuck up by indigestion/diarrhea? Use Harde(हरडे).
(Diarrhea is an illness with severe pain, take हरडे(Terminalia chebula) + lump sugar (गांठ चीनी) 5 times (5 days) )
This is how preventive health was part of local culture. But since now our children are trained under western language, they developed alien mindset. They never get to know really healthful knowledge. And so for minor sickness too, we have to rely on expert advise which costs a lot :).
Challenge to all half baked scientists to design herb in lab. Accept the challenge, to fail.
“When I look at the poor little herbs that arise out of the earth, the lowest of vegetables, and consider the secret spark of life that is in them, that attracts, increases, grows, and geminates itself and its kinds, the various virtues that are in them for the food, medicine, and delight of more perfect creatures, my mind is carried up to the admiration and adoration and praise of that God whose wisdom and power and influence and government is seen in these small footsteps of his goodness : so that, take all the wisest, ablest, and most powerful and knowing men under heaven, they cannot equal that power and wisdom of his that is seen in a blade of grass. “
अभ्यंग – तेल मालिश is important preventive care for Polio.
In Ayurveda, Polio is considered Vata Prakop पक्षाघात. It happens due to irregular food, indigestible food (like nonveg) in early age, irregular sleep, disturbed family environment due to failed marriage of parents or failed relation between parents and grand-parents, lack of sanitation, prolonged polluted air exposure, inborn Vata prkriti due to accidental birth** are some of the many causes that increases Vata in new born/infant/toddler.
अभ्यंग – तेल मालिश can also cure पक्षाघात.
**Accidental birth = produced by lust, sex during Vata prakop season and time.
In this series, we will try to understand importance of exercise as per Ayurveda texts.
Lightness of the body
कर्मसामर्थ्यं – perfection in daily chores and duties
दिप्थोग्नि – Digestive fire is improved
Imbalance of Vata, Pitta and Kapha is reduced
Firmness of mind and sturdiness of body
Who should not do exercise?
वातपित्तामयी बालो वृद्धो अजीर्णे च तं त्यजेत् ॥
Those who have Vata and Pitta predominant body constitution, who are too young or too old, and those suffering from indigestion – they better avoid or do less of exercises.
Unfortunately, we are never taught to identify self prakriti. Nor we have expert Ayurvedacharya accessible to help. So mindless exercise goes on for petty benefits i.e. muscles and show-off.
This is also the reason why so many professional players retire too early. Too much exercise and too early to start in age.
Up to age 12, I would not force any child to get engaged in rigorous exercise. Yes, initiation and introduction is fine but not any force!
अर्धशक्त्या निषेव्यस्तु बलिभिः स्निग्धभोजिभिः ।
शीतकाले वसन्ते च मन्दमेव ततो अन्यथा ।
Who can do exercise?
Those who have desi cow ghee/coldpressed oil is accessible
Modern Gym goers instead focus on protein powder. Utterly nonsensical as long as purpose of exercise is concerned.
Ideal season for rigorous exercise?
Winter and Spring
In rest of the season, do limited exercise. Preferably stretching only.
How long one should exercise?
Every one has different capacity. Identify your half-capacity. For how long you can sustain without difficulty in breathing. Find out and set the duration. Consider season while fixing duration for exercise.Till one is having heavy breathing with sweating from forehead, arms and thighs. till that time, it is advised to do exercise.