Agriculture

Agriculture

Banyan and Peepal : Farmer’s happy harvesting witnesses

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BanyanPeepal

These two trees are mentioned umpteen times in our scriptures, literature and local stories. We have found many ways by which they help us to sustain.

One farmer’s son gave me interesting perspective.

They are not only giving us shade in hot summer or fresh air 24x7x365 but they play vital role in farming too.

How?

बरगद और पीपलके वृक्ष जब अपने छोटे छोटे फलोंसे लद जाते है , तब यह हजारों चिड़ियोंके लिए पर्याप्त भोजन सामग्री होते है । विभिन्न प्रकारके पक्षी बहुत दिनों तक इन फलों को खाने में व्यस्त रहते थे इस तरह अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से ये फसलों और अन्य फलदार वृक्षों की पक्षिओं से रक्षा करते है ।

Can a urban kid develop such perspective in cement jungle?

Desertification follows Overfarming : California Case

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harvest-2

California is an epitome of Modern Agriculture practices. Farming started in the mid 19th century and by the early 21st century, doomed.Desert everywhere.

Desertification is defined as the deterioration of land in typically arid areas due to changes in climate and human activities. In the United States, desertification is typically caused by poor farming practices and the conversion of grazing areas to cropland.

In order to salvage lands affected by desertification, farmers begin to invest more in irrigation, which in turn diminishes groundwater resources and is the beginning of long-term impacts such as drought and famine. Additionally, as the topsoil becomes less nutrient rich from desertification plants become less productive and many of the ecosystem services they were providing are diminished.

Bharat is still alive after 40 years of mindless farming for two reasons:

1) Gau (Cow)
2) Traditions

Now both are diminishing rapdily. Are we expecting Sahara here? The California way!


Article Reference


Overfarming and overgrazing, two of the most common triggers of desertification (Google / USC)

https ://desertification.wordpress.com/2012/02/19/overfarming-and-overgrazing-two-of-the-most-common-triggers-of-desertification-google-usc/

California Desertification: How do we keep California the Golden Coast?

California has always been seen as the Golden Coast.  It is a land of plenty that supports millions of people and has an immense and productive agricultural industry, producing almost 15% of the nation’s annual crops.

But the productiveness of California has a limit, and both its climate and human overuse can distress the land beyond repair.  Desertification is the process of the loss of nutrients (top soil) to drylands, resulting in infertile land that can be easily eroded due to the lack of vegetation that would normally provide soils with the structural component to combat erosion.  Vegetation is vital to dry soils, prominent in much of the California climate, because the soils can easily be carried away by wind, or on the rare occasion of rain in Southern California, water.  Overfarming, which depletes the soils nutrients, or overgrazing, which physically strips the soil of vegetation, are two of the most common triggers of desertification.

Desertification can be a natural process too.  The United Nations Conference to Combat Desertification identifies that desertification is also due to climactic changes, where extended periods of drought or dryness can harm vegetation and leave soil dry and exposed to the elements, although some may argue that these may be anthropogenic as because of the link between global climate change and greenhouse gas emissions.

But while desertification can be a natural process, these natural processes and tendencies of Southern California are only augmented by the anthropogenic abuse of the land such as over farming and overgrazing.

Perfection of Indian Agriculture : British Accounts

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Perfection of Indian Agriculture – Part 3

#IndianAgriFacts
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indian-farmer-and-a-yoke-of-oxen-farming-in-india-date-1860-G36MBX

Augustus Voelcker was a Royal Agricultural Society of England chemist. Voelcker was known for his methodical and precise analytical practices as applied to agricultural chemistry. He was consultant chemist appointed to study Indian Agriculture and suggest improvements.

In introduction passage, he said that British Farmers must not feel bad if I praise Indian farmers. We must realize that they are eternally groomed farmers and they started farming much before we did. Their methods are just perfect.

Agriculture

Show this to all who are living under inferiority complex that Indians are always primitive and barbaric and it is exposure to British that made us more productive. This is utterly nonsensical. Shows slavery imprints on our mind. Sometimes I feel that Independent India’s govt did more brainwashing then the British. I think, it is true.

It seems, in name of ‘Improvement’, British planned destruction of Indian Agriculture 🙁.

Glorious Bharatiya Agriculture – British Observations

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Glorious Bharatiya Agriculture Part 2 : Fallowing process
As observed by British officers.
#IndianAgriFacts (will use this tag to compile all posts on this subject)
====================================

37_10103_S6s

The Greed based farming has no concept of fallowing. A process in which Land left unseeded during a growing season. Yes! deliberate yield break!

This was key method by which the Sun was harvested time to time. When you keep the land fallow without unseeded, mother Earth with the help of local soil microbes and other birds and insects, will cover the land with grass. Call it weeds in your technical language. This helps Mother Earth to replenish herself with enough energy which is used extensively during planned crops.

Research hint: Fallowing = Restoring प्राण for Soil. Not following fallowing means, producing humans every year from your wife. Can you imagine her health? She will die prematurely. At least 4 years gap is suggested between two children. Maximum 4 children as per economic and health capacity. Same gap is needed for Mother Earth too.

In our times, this is not possible without community support. Majority farmers have small piece of land. So for them to help mother Earth, community must support them. That is possible at village level .That is possible only when urbans support them.

Here are the observations by British scientists about benefits reaped by Bombay presidency farmers by this method.

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Fertilizer Now, pollute water for decades

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Research shows nitrogen is accumulating in soil – creating health risks like “blue baby syndrome” and environmental dead zones in rivers and oceans

Soil acidity from N cycle_1
https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/sites/gateway/files/styles/original/public/Soil%20acidity%20from%20N%20cycle_1.jpg?itok=Vo4HSwjO

If there will be water after our cilizational disrespect to water usage (by inefficient agriculture, unwanted industry usage, faulty management, deforestation), that water will be poison due to excess use of fertilizers.

“A large portion of the nitrogen applied as fertilizer has remained unaccounted for the last several decades,”

“The fact that nitrogen is being stored in the soil means it can still be a source of elevated nitrate levels long after fertilizers are no longer being applied.”

This nitrogen is easily converted to nitrate, a highly soluble, inorganic compound that has become the most common drinking water pollutant in the U.S. (Imagine worse for India)

Will PMO India dare to stop fertilizer production altogether? Or since it is politically incorrect step, they will see the self-destruction?


Research


Fertilizer applied to fields today will pollute water for decades

https://uwaterloo.ca/stories/fertilizer-applied-fields-today-will-pollute-water-decades

Nitrogen fertilizer applied to farmers’ fields has been contaminating rivers and lakes and leaching into drinking water wells for more than 80 years. Now, a new University of Waterloo study shows that fertilizer applied today will continue to pollute water for decades because it’s building up in the soil.

The findings are significant because agricultural runoff that leaches into drinking water wells can cause newborns to develop something called “blue baby syndrome,” a potentially fatal condition that reduces oxygen-flow in the blood. There are also serious environmental concerns because excess nitrogen, flowing into rivers and oceans, creates “dead zones” for fish and other marine life.

Where does all the fertilizer go?

Since the 1970s, farmers and policymakers alike have worked hard to reduce the amount of fertilizer leaching from agricultural fields to groundwater and nearby lakes and streams. Yet in some rural areas, nitrate levels in groundwater have been found to be more than ten times the drinking water standard.

“Public drinking water sources are vulnerable to receiving elevated nitrate,” says Basu. “But an even greater danger is for people in rural areas living on private well sources.”

To quantify the true extent of the nitrogen problem, numerous researchers have attempted to account for all of the nitrogen inputs to and outputs from watersheds around the world.  These so-called mass balance studies, however, have consistently come up short. Although we know that nitrate levels have been increasing in our waterways, the fate of much of the nitrogen that is applied to the land as fertilizer has remained a mystery.

Butter Milk Spray for Plant Health

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Leaf-curl is a plant viral disease. Chilli plant gets it more often. Since fundamental of sickness in Ayurvedic perspective is different from other methods, solution is also different.

LeafCurl

Viral infection is a cellular stress. Idiots spray fungicide to control fungus. But we do it differently.

Due to untimely rain last year, we got this in home garden and several farmer friends got it @ farms.

We spray butter milk prepared from desi Gau raw milk.

Butter milk helps plant to induce innate immune responses and get stabilized against stress (here environmental variation stress).

The amino acid proline has been found to systemically induce resistance in plants. It stimulates production of antimicrobial phenolics. High amounts of endogenous proline increase contents of cytokinins and auxins.

Besides, holistic view of organism suggest that viral sickness is due to stress. Stress can be reduced when you instill more Prana. Manual churning of milk induce prana in it. Call it probiotic bacteria if you want.

Zero budget recovery! Unlike popular mainstream destructive, ineffective fungicide solution!

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Spreader-stickers, or if you prefer, sticker-spreaders, are agents we can add to garden sprays to make them more effective. Sticker / Spreaders are products that you mix in a sprayer tank with insecticides, fungicides or foliar fertilizers to the product stick to the plant you are spraying and also disperse evenly over your plants. Many sticker / spreaders will help reduce drifting where most of your product blows away with the wind and many have waterproofing and anti-evaporation properties.
To ensure you get the full value out of your insecticides and fertilizers it is a good idea to use a sticker / spreader in every single tank.

First you buy costly chemicals and then buy supporting chemicals to increase their efficiency! 😀

We use zero budget solution.

Butter milk or milk is great Spreader-stickers + Immune booster for all plants. 🙂 Zero cost, healthy plants, great yield!

Herbicide to Societal Suicide

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cide

“-cide” is a combining form used to make nouns meaning killing of someone or something.

Modern agriculture uses this frequently. Pesticide, fungicide, insecticide etc.

Morons. Annihilation of everything that you think is useless? And you preach for Sanatana Dharma 😀 ha ha ..grand delusion!!

Dharma does not teach Annihilation of useless. In fact, it is your greedy myopic vision that considers mother nature’s faithful dharmic entities as useless.

Farming is an art to keep everyone in motion in farm and yet get highest yield! Change your vocab and outlook.

Pesticides vs Pest-Control.
Fungicide vs Fungus-Control.

Agro-chemicals : Cancer, DNA damage, cell damage

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==============================
5 Chemicals in your food cause cancer, DNA damage, cell damage
Thank moronic farming!
==============================
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At present, India is the largest producer of pesticides in Asia. The Indian Pesticide Industry with 82000+ MT of production. $3.8 billion in the year 2011 that produces even those pesticides which are banned in the developed countries. 12th for the usage of pesticides!

Only 2% to 3% pesticides used is utilized for the purpose it is designed, the rest persists in soil and water causing environmental pollution leading to toxicity.

Theorists, established science (academia) fanatics, armchair intellectuals – Do they even realize the havoc created by this?

No. Idiots are busy in researching how much less plants can consume so that their food is less toxic. 😀 Classic error of reductionist outlook. Looking things in compartments and missing the whole!

Make in India! 😀

11081269_395414937250087_9148371838674165612_n
 
A Working Group of 17 experts from 11 countries met at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) on 3–10 March 2015 to review the available published scientific evidence and evaluate the carcinogenicity of five organophosphate insecticides and herbicides: diazinon, glyphosate, malathion, parathion, and tetrachlorvinphos.
 
The herbicide glyphosate and the insecticides malathion and diazinon were classified as probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A). The insecticides tetrachlorvinphos and parathion were classified as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).
 
But still modern Indian ostrich scientists, their fanatic followers, govt of India, and all science lunatics, will wait for epidemic like situation to conclude that yes, these chemical farming is foolish idea! Remember Endosulfan?
 
Loonies will say: WHO is paid agent of CIA. France agency on cancer is paid agent 😀 😀
 
One such fanatic asked me: “What is the proof that your traditional farming way is safe?” 😀 😀 कुतर्की! I am alive is the proof! I see farmers dying around by your moron ways!
 
And also I was titled as greedy businessman who wants to sell organic so that I am against chemical farming! 😀 😀
 
God save humanity from science loonies! Pump this food in your kids’ veins and wait for disaster!
 
Reference: http://www.iarc.fr/en/media-centre/iarcnews/pdf/MonographVolume112.pdf

Crops can do their own weed control

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I don’t need any damn deadly chemical to control weed. I really don’t consider weeds as my enemies. In fact, they in their limited presence help me to maintain soil temperature and fertility.

Here is the experiment that shows how common sense led intuitive farming does not need any weed control chemicals.

Weed
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“Our results demonstrate that weed control in fields is aided by abandoning traditional seed sowing techniques. Farmers around the world generally sow their crops in rows. Our studies with wheat and corn show that tighter sowing in grid patterns supresses weed growth. This provides increased crop yields in fields prone to heavy amounts of weeds,” states Professor Jacob Weiner, a University of Copenhagen plant ecologist.

In conventional farming, the most frequently used herbicides for weed control have a negative impact on the environment. On the other hand, organic farmers enlist machines to battle unwanted growth. These machines guzzle fuel and produce CO2, while their tyres compact soil and damage its structure.

Research studies performed in Danish wheat fields, together with recent studies in Colombian cornfields, demonstrate that modified sowing patterns and the nearer spacing of crops results in a reduction of total weed biomass. The amount of weeds was heavily reduced – by up to 72% – while grain yields increased by more than 45% in heavily weed-infested fields. The trick is to increase crop-weed competition and utilize the crop’s head start, so that it gains a large competitive advantage over the neighbouring weeds.

——————————-

Science loonies, Govt of India funded scientists and chemical companies want you to believe that:

1) Chemicals in your food in limited quantity is fine 😀
2) Weeds are enemy, kill them! 😀
3) Be greedy and do mono-cropping 😀
4) Ecology can go to hell! We don’t need to feed the world! 😀

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Research
———————–

Crops can do their own weed control

http://plen.ku.dk/english/news/2015/crops/

WEED CONTROL

Weeds are the enemy of crops and agricultural output worldwide. Organic and conventional farmers have their respective weed control strategies, either through the use of fuel guzzling, CO2 producing machines or environmentally harmful chemicals. Research from the University of Copenhagen now suggests that the war on weeds can be conducted more sustainably by asjusting sowing patterns and crop density.

In conventional farming, the most frequently used herbicides for weed control have a negative impact on the environment. On the other hand, organic farmers enlist machines to battle unwanted growth. These machines guzzle fuel and produce CO2, while their tyres compact soil and damage its structure. New research results from the University of Copenhagen’s Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences report that weeds would have a tough time competing against crops such as corn, grains and beans if farmers were to alter their sowing patterns.

“Our results demonstrate that weed control in fields is aided by abandoning traditional seed sowing techniques. Farmers around the world generally sow their crops in rows. Our studies with wheat and corn show that tighter sowing in grid patterns supresses weed growth. This provides increased crop yields in fields prone to heavy amounts of weeds,” states Professor Jacob Weiner, a University of Copenhagen plant ecologist.

Weeds battered, crop yields bumped

Research studies performed in Danish wheat fields, together with recent studies in Colombian cornfields, demonstrate that modified sowing patterns and the nearer spacing of crops results in a reduction of total weed biomass.  The amount of weeds was heavily reduced – by up to 72%  – while grain yields increased by more than 45% in heavily weed-infested fields. The trick is to increase crop-weed competition and utilize the crop’s head start, so that it gains a large competitive advantage over the neighbouring weeds.

Jacob Weiner explains:

– Our results make it possible for agriculture to be conducted in a far more sustainable manner while maintaining consistently high grain production. This requires affordable new technologies to make it proactical out in farmers’ fields. We can develop methods for outcompeting weeds even more if we learn more about how plants interact.

The research results from Colombia have just been published in Weed Research, one of the leading scientific journals in its area. They were achieved via a collaborative effort between the Jorge Tadeo Lozano University in Colombia and the University of Copenhagen.

Myth Breaker : Agriculture and Women in Ancient India

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Two myths

1) Females were never educated in ancient India
2) Best farming is natural farming – no ploughing, no soil preparation

There is often common rhetoric in armchair intellectuals that condition of females in ancient India were not good. There was male-dominated society. Bla bla bla….

Here is one example from Bengal to break the myth.

Khana (Bengali: খনা, pron. khawnaa) was an Indian poet and legendary astrologer, who composed in the medieval Bengali language between the ninth and 12th centuries AD. She is associated with the village Deuli, in Barasat district, West Bengal.
Her poetry, known as khanAr bachan (or vachan) (খনার বচন) (meaning “khana’s words”), among the earliest compositions in Bengali literature, is known for its agricultural themes.

One of her aphorism says:

” For the successful cultivation of cotton one has to plough the land 16 times, for radish 8 times, for paddy 4 times and for betel nil.”

Cotton plant has an elaborate root-system, radish is a herb, paddy is a surface feeder, and betel is a climber that produces numerous adventitious aerial roots.

So, a female agricultural scientist teaches many generations to come agriculture in effortless, shareable, copyright-free form of wisdom i.e. aphorisms and songs.

First myth is wrong.
Second is not agriculture but lethargy driven by deluded sentiments towards mother nature.

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